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Detailed record for Additional 21412, ff. 20-44

Title Cuttings from Missals of Pope Leo X
Origin Italy, Central (Florence or Rome)
Date c. 1513 - c. 1521
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Attavante (Castelfiorentino, 1452-1520/1525).
Decoration 25 foliate and historiated borders in colours and gold, of the de' Medici devices of Leo X: a diamond ring with three feathers and motto 'Semper' (ff. 21, 24, 25, 27-36, 38-40, 42, 43) and a yoke with a scroll inscribed 'Suave' (ff. 20, 26, 41, 44), initials 'L.X.P.M.' (ff. 22, 23, 27, 28, 37, 41), winged putti (ff. 40, 42, 44), zoomorphic grotesques (ff. 22, 36) and bezants.
Dimensions in mm Various (see individual descriptions)
Official foliation Parchment cuttings in double-sided window mounts, foliated as '20'-'44'.
Form Parchment cuttings in double-sided window mounts, kept in boxes with other parchment cuttings.
Binding N/A
Provenance Leo X (de' Medici, r. 1513-21), Italian pope and patron: his devices and mottoes (ff. 20, 21, 24-36, 38-44), and initials (ff. 22, 23, 27, 28, 37, 41); excised from one or more volumes of three Missals (A.I.2-4) described in a 1714 inventory of the Sistine Sacristy (Rome, Archivio di Stato, Camerale I, Vol. 1560, fasc. 24, ff. 265-302, transcribed in Emilia Anna Talamo, Codices Cantorum: Miniature e Disegni nei Codici della Capella Sistina (Florence: Officine del Novecento, 1998), pp. 216-22 (pp. 216-17)).
Probably Luigi Celotti (b. 1759, d. 1843), Italian dealer: though not identifiable in his sales, 26 May 1825 and 3 May 1826.
William Young Ottley (b. 1771, d. 1836), writer on art and collector: his sale, 11 May 1838, from lots 210-213, and 218-226; lots 223 and 225 were puchased by Rogers for 10s and £1 2s respectively, according to an annotated Western Manuscripts departmental copy of the sale catalogue.
Samuel Rogers (b. 1763, d. 1855), poet: his sale, 28 April 1856, part of lot 1006; inscribed by Frederic Madden 'Purchased at the sale of the Pictures etc. of Samuel Rogers Esq. at Christie's 6th May 1856. /Lots 1002, 1005, 1006, 1008, 1009./' and '150 specimens F. M. ' (on mounted leaf in box 1).
William Boone, London bookseller trading 1815-1870: purchased by him for £115 10s on the 8th day of the sale, 8 May 1856, according to an annotated Western Manuscripts departmental copy of the sale catalogue; purchased from Boone on the same day by the British Museum.
Notes Italian cuttings.
The present cuttings were formerly pasted into The Samuel Rogers Album and foliated as Add. 21412, ff. 13 (ff. 20-22), 14 (ff. 23-25), 15 (ff. 26-28), 16 (ff. 29-31), 17 (ff. 32 and 33), 18 (ff. 34-36), 19 (ff. 37-39), 20 (ff. 40-42) and 21 (ff. 43-44). In 1989 they were lifted from the album, remounted individually and stored in two boxes.
To see these cuttings in the Manuscripts Reading Room order Add. 21412, ff. 8-16 [box 2] and ff. 17-25 [box 3]. To see the Samuel Rogers Album, which originally contained all the cuttings order Add. 21412, Old Covers.
Other cuttings from the same Missals of Leo X include Add. 60630, ff. 8, 33-38; Cambridge, University Library, Ms Add. 4165 (15); Geneva, Bibliothèque de Genève, Comites Latentes, MS. 109; London, Sotheby's, 15 June 1959, lot 120, 21 June 1988, lots 36-37, 21 and 22 June 1993, lots 46 and 47, and 2 December 1997, lot 82; New York, Private Collection, formerly Metropolitan Museum of Art, Robert Lehman Collection (see Pia Palladino, Treasures of a Lost Art: Italian Manuscript Painting of the Middle Ages and Renaissance (New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2003), no. 84); and Paris, Musée Marmottan, Wildenstein Collection, no. 8 (see Amédée Boinet, La Collection de Miniatures de M. Edouard Kann (Paris: Les Beaux-Arts, 1926), no. 40 and Académie des Beaux-Arts, La Collection Wildenstein (Paris: Musée Marmottan, 1980), no. 8). London, Victoria and Albert Museum, E.4588-1910 is a nineteenth-century copy inspired by the Geneva and New York cuttings (see Palladino, p. 168).
Select bibliography British Museum Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the Years 1854-1860 (London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1875), pp. 377-78.

T. J. Brown, 'Some Manuscript Fragments Illuminated for Pope Greogry XIII', British Museum Quarterly, 23 (1960-1961), 2-5, p. 5 5n.

J. J. G. Alexander, 'Italian Illuminated Manuscripts in British Collections', in La Miniatura Italiana tra Gotico e Rinascimento: atti del II Congresso di Storia della Miniatura Italiana, Cortona, 24-26 settembre 1982, ed. by Emanuela Sesti (Florence: Olschki, 1985), 99-126 (p. 110 n. 30), reprinted in Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Studies in Italian Manuscript Illumination (London: Pindar Press, 2002), 22-54, 382-84 (p. 33 n. 30).

Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), pp. 157-58.

Sandra Hindman and others, Manuscript Illumination in the Modern Age: Recovery and Reconstruction (Evanston, IL: Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, Northwestern University, 2001), pp. 65, 82, 91 [exhibition catalogue].

Anne-Marie Eze, Abbé Luigi Celotti (1759-1843): Connoisseur, Dealer, and Collector of Illuminated Miniatures (unpublished doctoral thesis, London: Courtauld Institute of Art, University of London, 2010).


Images
* * *
 
Suave

f. 20
Suave
Semper

f. 21
Semper
L. X. P. M.

f. 22
L. X. P. M.
 
'L. X. P. M.

f. 23
'L. X. P. M.
Semper

f. 24
Semper
Semper

f. 25
Semper
 
Suave

f. 26
Suave
Semper and L. X. P. M.

f. 27
Semper and L. X. P. M.
Semper and L. X. P. M.

f. 28
Semper and L. X. P. M.
 
Semper

f. 29
Semper
Semper

f. 30
Semper
Semper

f. 31
Semper
 
Semper

f. 32
Semper
Semper

f. 33
Semper
Semper

f. 34
Semper
 
Semper

f. 35
Semper
Semper

f. 36
Semper
'L. X. P. M.'

f. 37
'L. X. P. M.'
 
Semper

f. 38
Semper
Semper

f. 39
Semper
Semper

f. 40
Semper
 
Suave

f. 41
Suave
Semper

f. 42
Semper
Semper

f. 43
Semper
 
Suave

f. 44
Suave

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