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Detailed record for Additional 12213

Title Pilgrim's Guide to Compostela
Origin Spain (W., Santiago?)
Date 1st half of the 14th century
Language Latin and Spanish
Script Gothic
Decoration Large drawing of James appearing to a Charlemagne in a dream, in ink with colour washes (f. 132v). Small drawing of James in ink, with purple and red (f. 3v). Large initial in blue surrounded by penwork decoration in red, and red and blue penwork decoration forming a partial border (f. 1). Initials in red with penwork decoration in purple, or in blue with penwork decoration in red, some with pen-flourishing, forming marginal fish (f. 40v). Rubrics in alternating letters of red and brown, with vertical red lines in the letters (f. 1). Other rubrics in red. Marginal drawing of the castle and lion of Leon Castille in red (f. 1).
Dimensions in mm 225 x 155 (165 x 105)
Official foliation ff. 191 (f. 191 is a parchment flyleaf + 3 unfoliated flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation i-vii12,viii8,ix-xi12,xii12-1,xiii-xiv8
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Added colophon: 'Iam liber est scriptus: qui scripsit sit benedictus/Qui scriptsit scribat semper cum domino vivat laborens/Et a domino Petro donum piissimum non admittat' (f. 183v).
Text in Spanish written in a 14th-century Gothic hybrid (ff. 184-190).
Pedro de Luna, [anti-]Pope Benedict XIII (1394-: in the catalogue of his books made in 1375 when he became cardinal: 'Lun 1556. Item epistola beati Calixti pape, cooperta de viridi, incipit in secundo folio: MAGNA, et finit in penultimo: SEPVLCRO'; ' also Stu 13. Item epistola beati Calisti pape coopertus de viridi; 'also Pa 575. Item sermones Calixti, ex dictis diversorum sanctorum'; also 606 423.PB 559 Item Sermones Calixti pape et alique littere sue et alique Legende sanctorum et Descriptio visitationis sancti Jacobi in Castella, cum copertis de viridi, et incipiunt in secundo folio MAGNA QVE, et finiunt in eodem SIMILITER AD' (see Stones 1998 p. 110).
Thomas Rodd the younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller: extract from his printed catalogue describing the manuscript and offering it for 3 3s (f. [iii]); purchased from him on 4 December, 1841: inscription (f. [iii]).
Notes Detailed contents:
ff. 1-2v: Epistle of Pope Calixtus II to the Convent of Clugny, William Patriciarch of Jerusalem and Diego Gelmirez, Archbishop of Compostella, asking them to correct the work that follows;
ff. 2v-111: Book I, Liturgy of James, with sermons and offices in 31 chapters;
ff. 111-126v: Book II, Miracles associated with James;
ff. 126v-132v: Book III, Translation of James
ff. 133-159v: Turpin's Chronicle, in 23 chapters, including an account of the Battle of Roncevaux;
ff. 159v-180v: Itinerary to Compostela in 11 chapters;
ff. 180v-184: Hymns, including the Pilgrims' Hymn and short phrases in honour of James.
The colophon follows:
'Iam liber est scriptus: qui scripsit sit benedictus
Qui scripsit scribat. Et semper cum domino vivat - laborans
Et a domino Petro donum promissum no admittat'
ff. 184-190: Added commentary on Job in Spanish, with biblical quotations in Latin, written in a late 14th-century hybrid script.
This is one of only 4 illustrated copies of the text, of which the earliest is the 'Codex Calixtinus', Santiago de Compostella, Cathedral Archive (no shelf number).
Select bibliography H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I (1883), pp. 562-71.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1841-1845 (London: British Museum, 1850), p. 53.

Alison Stones, 'Four Illustrated Jacobus Manuscripts' in The Vanishing past : studies of medieval art, liturgy and metrology presented to Christopher Hohler, ed. by Alan Borg and Andrew Martindale, BAR International Series 111 (Oxford : British Archaeological Reports, 1981), pp. 197-222 (p. 215).

Alison Stones and others, The Pilgrim's Guide: A Critical Edition, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1998), I, 109-13, and passim, as 'A', pls 47-51. [with extensive additional bibliography].

Sacred: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam and their Sacred Texts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 212 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
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James

f. 3v
James

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