You are in Introduction. Click here to skip the navigation.
British Library
Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
About Simple search Manuscript search Advanced search  Virtual exhibitions Glossaries Contact us  Main
print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back

search tips  Search tips
 
 

 

 
 

Detailed record for Additional 89379

Title Book of Hours, Use of York (‘The Percy Hours’)
Origin England, N. (?York)
Date 4th quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 13 large historiated initials in colours and gold at major divisions of the text (ff. 19v, 32v, 44, 47v, 50, 52v, 55, 59, 62, 69v, 76,92). Borders with marginal images in colours and gold (ff. 19v, 76); occasional musicians, hybrid creatures and animals (ff. 76v-100v). Two-line initials at lesser divisions of the text, in blue or pink on gold grounds, each containing a hybrid creature, extending into bar-borders on three sides of the page. Initials in gold with blue pen-work decoration, or in blue with red pen-work decoration. Line-fillers in gold, red, and/or blue.
Dimensions in mm 175 x 120 (110 x 75)
Official foliation ff. vii + 100 (ff. i-iii are pasted paper labels, ff. iv-v are paper flyleaves at the beginning, ff. vi-vii are paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 19th-century red leather with gold tooling.
Provenance The Percy family, perhaps made for them: portraits of a lady and knight are depicted on the Beatus page with coats of arms Or a lion rampant sable impaling or five fusils conjoined in fess azure (in the Psalter portion, Add MS 70000, f. 16r).
The Downes family, 16th century: noted births and deaths in the calendar of the Psalter portion (Add MS 70000), and the same hand appears to have added hymns at the end of the Hours portion (f. 100v).
A 16th-century owner: wrote labels in the margin identifying the texts, and comments such as ‘Heere beginneth the huddle of the Romish trumpery’ at the opening of the Litany (f. 16).
John Doharty the Younger, surveyor, of Worcester, c. 1760: his notes and sketches in margins throughout both volumes. The notes in the Hours portion are erased but still partially legible. He wrote the date 1760 (f. 19), his own name (ff. 24 and 89), and also: 'John Doharty teacher of Ma[thematics] Worcester. The most ingenious man in Great Brittain' (ff. 14v-15).
F. T. Freeman, Hampstead: his sale, Hodgson’s, London, 13 March 1902, lot no. 497; the manuscript was purchased by J. & J. Leighton, London booksellers, who sold the manuscript to Dyson Perrins (see below).
Charles William Dyson Perrins (b. 1906, d. 1958), collector and bibliophile: purchased 1905; exhibited at the Burlington Fine Arts Club in 1908 (exhibition catalogue, no. 65); his library catalogue published in 1920, as no. 12; his bookplate, inside upper cover; his sale, Sotheby’s London, 29 November 1960, lot no. 110; purchased by Stephen Keynes, London.
Purchased by the British Library from the estate of Stephen Keynes, 2019, with the support of the British Library Collections Trust.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
This is the second part of the Percy Psalter (British Library, Add MS 70000), which originally formed a single-volume Psalter-Hours. It contains perhaps the oldest known example of the Hours of the Virgin for the Use of York (Warner, Descriptive Catalogue (1920), p. 48). It also includes a memoria of St William of York, canonised 1226 (f. 42v). It appears to have been created under Dominican influence, as the Litany includes a double invocation of St Dominic (f. 17), and a Dominican is depicted in one of the initials (f. 62).
Added calligraphic decoration by John Doharty, c. 1760, throughout (see Provenance).
Select bibliography Sydney Carlyle Cockerell, Burlington Fine Arts Club: Exhibition of Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Burlington Fine Arts Club, 1908), no. 65, pp. 30-31 [exhibition catalogue].
George Warner, Descriptive Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts in the Library of C. W. Dyson Perrins D.C.L. F.S.A, 2 vols (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1920), I, no. 12, pp. 47-49; II, pl. XVI.
Janet Backhouse, The Madresfield Hours: a Fourteenth-century Manuscript in the Library of Earl Beauchamp (Oxford: Roxburghe Club, 1975), pp. 8-11.
Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5 (London: Harvey Miller, 1986), I, no. 11b, pp. 20-22; II, pl. 22, 23, 25.
Janet Backhouse, 'A Psalter from the Diocese of York', The Art Quarterly of the National Art Collections Fund, 4 (1990), 24-29.
Peter Kidd, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Sam Fogg, 1999), no. 8, pp. 30-32 [exhibition catalogue].
Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 210-11, 213 n. 7 [exhibition catalogue].
Richard W. Pfaff, The Liturgy in Medieval England: A History (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 448.


Images
* * *
 
Office of the Dead: Christ in Judgement and souls resurrected

f. 19v
Office of the Dead: Christ in Judgement and souls resurrected
Matins: the Annunciation

f. 26
Matins: the Annunciation
Lauds, the Visitation

f. 32v
Lauds, the Visitation
 
Prime, the Nativity

f. 44
Prime, the Nativity
Terce, the Adoration of the Magi

f. 47v
Terce, the Adoration of the Magi
Sext, the Presentation of Christ in the Temple

f. 50
Sext, the Presentation of Christ in the Temple
 
Nones, Flight into Egypt

f. 52v
Nones, Flight into Egypt
Vespers, funeral procession of the Virgin

f. 55
Vespers, funeral procession of the Virgin
Compline, the Coronation of the Virgin

f. 59
Compline, the Coronation of the Virgin
 
Psalms, hearing confession and  blessing penitents

f. 62
Psalms, hearing confession and blessing penitents
Gradual Psalms, the Crucifixion

f. 69v
Gradual Psalms, the Crucifixion
Hours of the Passion, Crucifixion

f. 76
Hours of the Passion, Crucifixion
 
Hours of the Holy Spirit, Pentecost

f. 92
Hours of the Holy Spirit, Pentecost

print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back
top Back