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Detailed record for Additional 10104

Author Ranulph Higden; Adam Usk
Title Polychronicon (to 1377); Chronicle continuation (1377-1404)
Origin England
Date 4th quarter of the 14th century to 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive.
Decoration Full-page elliptical map of the world in brown, red and green (f. 8). A large initial in rose and blue on a gold ground with full decorated border in rose and blue with gold; an added shield in the lower margin with a naked man digging (?Adam) (f. 9r). 8 framed initials and partial borders with foliate decoration in rose, blue and gold (ff. 1, 33, 49, 71v, 89, 108v, 125, 149). Two diagrams of Noah's ark in red and brown (f. 35v). A diagram of Pythagorean musical theory in brown and red (f. 52v). Initials in blue with pen-flourishing in red in the index and at the beginning of chapters. Rubrics in red. Running titles with red and blue decoration. Paraphs in red or blue. Some marginal rubrics underlined in red.
Dimensions in mm Dimensions: 365 x 250 (250/55 x 160/75)
Official foliation ff. 177 (f. 177r is a former paste-down, now attached to a paper leaf + 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf at the beginning and 1 at the end)
Collation i-xi8 (ff. 1-88), xii8-1 (ff. 89-95), xiii-xv 8 (ff. 96-119), xvi4 (ff. 120-124), xvii-xix8 (ff. 125-148), xx11 (ff.149-159), xxi-xxii8 (ff. 160-175); 1 stub following f. 132 and 2 stubs following f. 167.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather with dark brown tooling in a chequered pattern.
Provenance Adam Usk (b. c. 1352, d. 1430), Welsh cleric and chronicler, bequeathed by him to his relative, Edward ap Adam (as identified in Usk's will, see Chronicon Adae de Usk A.D. 1377-1421, edited with a translation and notes by Sir Edward Maunde Thompson (London: Royal Society of Literature of the United Kingdom,1904), pp. 114-16).

An inventory of clothing, including buttons and trimmings, in a sixteenth- or seventeenth-century hand, on a paper paste-down to a flyleaf (f. 177v).

Between the 17th and early 19th century a quire was detached, between ff. 176 and 177, with the continuation from 1404 to 1421. It is now in the library of the Duke of Rutland at Belvoir castle (see Given-Wilson, Adam Usk (1997), p. xxxix).

Richard Heber, landowner and book collector (b.1773, d. 1833): his sale 20 February 1836, lot 833; bought by the British Library.
Select bibliography The British Museum Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts,1836-1840(London: British Museum, 1843), p. 12.

John Taylor, The Universal chronicle of Ranulf Higden (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1966), pp. 114-17, 154.


David Woodward, 'Medieval Mappaemundi', in The History of Cartography, vol. 1: Cartography in Prehistoric, Ancient, and Medieval Europe and the Mediterranean, ed. by J.B. Harley & David Woodward (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1987), pp. 286-370 (pp. 312-313, 364-365).

The chronicle of Adam Usk, 1377-1421, ed. and trans. by Chris Given-Wilson (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1997).

James Freeman, 'The Manuscript Dissemination and Readership of the Polychronicon of Ranulph Higden, c. 1330-c. 1500' (unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Cambridge, 2013), pp. 7, 68, 70, 130, 142, 150, 151, 174, 180, 210, 248-49.

Cornelia Leer and Keith D. Lilley, 'Universal Histories and their Geographies: Navigating the Maps and Texts of Higden's Polychronicon' in Universal chronicles in the High Middle Ages, ed. by Michele Campopiano and Henry Bainton (Woodbridge: York Medieval Press, 2017), pp. 274-301 (p. 287).

Quan Gan, 'A Study of the four manuscripts of the Polychronicon in the British library, with special focus on British Library, Additional MS 10104' (University College London: unpublished MA research, 2018).


Images
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Mappa mundi

f. 8
Mappa mundi
Decorated initial and shield

f. 9
Decorated initial and shield
Shield

f. 9
Shield
 

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