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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Additional 25884

Title Histoire universelle (Histoire ancienne jusqu'à César); added life of Caesar and history of the Roman emperors
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date Last quarter of the 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists The Ravenelle Master
Decoration Tinted drawings with gold, including one page-width miniature (f. 2), and twenty column-width miniatures (ff. 5v, 19, 20v, 80r, 80v, 86, 104, 108v, 116, 150, 166, 184, 204, 205, 233, 246, 248, 272, 318, 319v). Large initials in colours on gold grounds with foliate decoration and smaller initials in gold on coloured grounds. Running heads in red ink.
Dimensions in mm 370 x 290 (240 x 180) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 384 (+3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end + 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Black leather with gold tooling.
Provenance Marie-Caroline de Bourbon-Sicile, Duchess de Berry, (b. 1798, Caserta, d. 1870): inscription of 'Duchesse de Berry' on the verso of f. [i]; purchased by Boone, her sale Paris, March 1864, lot 8.

William Boone, London bookseller trading 1815-1870: purchased by him from the Duchess de Berry's sale in Paris, March 1864, lot 8 (note on f. [ii]).

Purchased by the British Museum from Boone on 8 October 1864: inscription on f. [ii].
Notes Contains the first redaction of the text, sections I - X (see Jung 1996, pp. 342-43), but differs from other versions in the following ways:
it has a distinct version of Genesis, which is followed by a repetition of the story of the flood and the Tower of Babel; the beginning of section V, Troy, is borrowed from a prose version of Benoît de Sainte-Maure's Roman de Troie (Prose 5); section VI, Aeneas, is augmented with 11 Heroides, entitled 'Epitres', borrowed from the same prose version of Benoît de Sainte-Maure's Troie (Prose 5);
following section X is a life of Caesar, a history of the emperors from Augustus to Titus, and a description of the monuments of Rome.
Select bibliography Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages. III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, ed. by H. Bober (London: The Warburg Institute, 1953), Part 1: pp. 68-72.

Clem C. Williams, 'A case of Mistaken Identity: Still Another Trojan Narrative in Old French Prose', Medium Aevum, 53 (1984) 59-72 (p. 69, n. 7).

Doris Oltrogge, Die Illustrationszyklen zur 'Histoire ancienne jusqu'a César', European University Studies, 28 (Frankfurt: Peter Lang, 1989), pp. 33-34, 269-71, pls 66, 68, 70.

The Mythical Quest: In Search of Adventure, Romance and Enlightenment, intro. by Penelope Lively (London: British Library, 1996), p. 91.

Marc-René Jung, La Légende de Troie en France au moyen âge (Basel & Tubingen: Francke Verlag, 1996), pp. 342-43, 344, 345, 346, 355-56, 507-08.

Histoire Ancienne jusqu'a César (Estoires Roger), ed. by Marijke de Visser-van Terwisga, 2 vols (Orleans: Paradigme, 1999), I [an edition of the text]; II, pp. 13, 18, n. 25.

Eva Lindqvist Sandgren, The Book of Hours of Johannete Ravenelle and the Parisian Book Illumination Around 1400, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Figura Nova Series, 28 (Uppsala: Uppsala University Library, 2002), pp. 49, 54-60, 95-96,, 101, 143-44.


Images
* * *
 
Moses and the Burning Bush

f. 19
Moses and the Burning Bush
Tower of Babel

f. 80v
Tower of Babel
Jason and the Argonauts in Colchis

f. 108v
Jason and the Argonauts in Colchis
 
Olympias, Nectanebus (or Philip) and Ammon

f. 204
Olympias, Nectanebus (or Philip) and Ammon
Julius Caesar in France

f. 319v
Julius Caesar in France

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