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Detailed record for Additional 25588

Title Missal, use of Sarum, with calendar
Origin England (E., Norwich?)
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 half-page framed miniature of the Crucifixion in blue and rose with gold, with foliate decoration on a blue and rose tessellated ground and rinceaux border (f. 109v). 20 initials in colours on gold grounds or in gold on coloured grounds with partial borders in colours with gold (f. 22, 28, 108v, 110, 111v, 112v, 116v, 128v, 132, 137v, 138v, 161v, 164, 170v, 181, 182v, 192, 197, 206, 210v). Numerous initials in blue with pen-flourishing in red. Rubrics in red. Small initials in red or blue. Musical notation: square notes on four-line red staves.
Dimensions in mm 380 x 250 (285 x 190) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 252 (f. 1 is a paper flyleaf +2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Collation i1(f. 1), ii6 (ff. 2-7), iii-xxii8 (ff. 8-159), xxii4 (ff. 160-163), xxiii-xxxii8 (ff. 164-250), xxxiii2 (ff. 251-252). Catchwords.
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Henricus Wellis, chaplain in the diocese of Norwich, donated by him: in the margin of the calendar for 19 June is, 'Obiit dominus Henricus Wellis qui hunc librum dedit huic Ecelesie' (f. 4v). The dedication feast of the church, which is not named, is noted in the calendar on 5 June: 'dedicacio' (f. 4v), according to Pfaff, BL Add. 25588 (2009), p. 421. An inscription, perhaps in the hand of Henry Wellis, chaplain: 'Orate pro Anima Henrici Wellys Capellani domine Alicie Wiche et Johanni Dunstaple' (f. 250).
Hugh Smyth: his name and the date, 1689, in the calendar for 19 February (f. 2v) and at ff. 1, 249v.
John Wylkynson, his name inscribed on f. 250.
Richard Graham, inscribed 'tu es amor meus Rich. Graham' (f. 109v).
The Reverend John Campbell, ?(b. 1795, d. 1867), Congregational minister and journal editor, inscribed with his name and the address, '9 Netley Terrace, Southsea' (f. 1); purchased from him by the British Museum on 13 February 1864 (note on f. 1).
Notes Anglo Norman rubric to the Trental of St Gregory or St Leo, as it is called in this manuscript (f. 246), incipit, ' Ceo est la trental que seynt leo apostoile de Rome chaunta'.
Later additions in Gothic cursive on the last 3 folios (ff. 250-252) are in the same hand as notes in the margin, and include a 'Missa pro itenerantibus de Sanctis tribus Regibus Colonie' (f. 252).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1854-1875 (London: British Museum, 1877), p. 204.

Richard Pfaff, 'The English Devotion of St. Gregory's Trental', Speculum: Journal of Mediaeval Studies, 49 (1974), 75-90 (p. 80).

Kathleen L. Scott, ‘Design, Decoration and Illustration’, in Book Production and Publishing in Britain 1375-1475 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), pp. 31-64 (p. 57 n.).

Owain Tudor Edwards, Matins, lauds and vespers for St David's Day: the medieval office of the Welsh patron saint in the National Library of Wales MS 20541 E (Cambridge: Brewer, 1990), p. 117n.

Andrew Hughes, Medieval manuscripts for mass and office : a guide to their organization and terminology (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995), pl. 9.

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 985.

Richard Rastall, Music in early English religious drama, 2 vols (Woodbridge : D. S. Brewer, 2001), II, Minstrels playing, pp. 95, 99, 106.

David King, The Medieval Stained Glass of St Peter Mancroft, Norwich, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006), p. clxxxi, n. 371.

Richard W. Pfaff, 'BL Add. 25588: When is a missal a Sarum missal?' in The liturgy in medieval England : a history (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2009), pp. 421-23 .

* * *
Illuminated initial

f. 8
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial and musical notation

f. 28
Illuminated initial and musical notation

f. 109v

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