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Detailed record for Harley 3346

Author Latin translation by George Hermonymos
Title Collectio Sententiarum aurearum, Greek moral sayings, vol. 1
Origin England
Date c. 1475-c. 1476
Language Latin
Script Humanistic
Scribe George Hermonymus
Decoration Full-page miniature in colours and gold of angels supporting the of arms of George Neville (f. 4v). Large gold initial with tendrils in a white vine style extending into the margin and including a bird and a head (f. 5). Initials in colours and gold.
Dimensions in mm 165 x 110 (80 x 55)
Official foliation ff. 36 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown mottled calf with gold fillets; gilt edges.
Provenance The dedication copy of the translation by George Hermonymos, dedicated to George Neville, archbishop of York: prologue with dedication (ff. 5-6v).
George Neville (b. 1432, d. 1476), administrator and archbishop of York: the presentation copy; his arms arms erroneously quartered with the arms of the See of Canterbury (f. 4v).
Added inscription 'Aureus hic liber est, quod continet aurea dicta. Auratum reddet qui legit et faciet. R.R.', 15th-16th century (f. 2v).
Inscribed in an eighteenth-century hand 'George Nevill the son if Richard Nevill Earl of Salisbury, and brother to Richard Nevill earle of Warwick. B[isho]p pf Excester 1455 Ar[ch]B[isho]p of York 1465 was L[or]d chancellor 8 years' (f. 3).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Vol. 2 is Harley 3348.
ff. 1-3 are medieval parchment leaves with later inscriptions. ff. 33v-36v are blank ruled parchment leaves.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3346.

Duke Humfrey and English Humanism in the Fifteenth Century: Catalogue of an exhibition held in the Bodleian Library (Oxford: Bodleian Library, 1970), no. 100 [exhibition catalogue, with additional bibliography].

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 188, 250.

Cyril Ernest Wright, 'Manuscripts of Italian Provenance in the Harleian Collection in the British Museum: Their Sources, Associations and Channels of Acquisition', in Cultural Aspects of the Italian Renaissance. Essays in Honour of Paul Oskar Kristeller, ed. by C. H. Clough (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1976), pp. 462-84 (p. 478).

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: Accedunt Alia Itinera: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other Libraries 7 vols (London: Warburg Institute; Leiden: Brill, 1963-1997), IV (1989), p. 169.

Kathleen Scott, ‘Caveat Lector: Ownership and Standardization in the Illustration of Fifteenth-Century English Manuscripts’, in English Manuscript Studies, 1, ed. by Peter Beal and Jeremy Griffiths (London: British Library, 1989), 19-63 (p. 55 n. 16)

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Arms of George Neville

ff. 4v-5
Arms of George Neville

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