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Detailed record for Royal 13 D IV

Author John of Salisbury
Title Policraticus, Metalogicon, and Entheticus de dogmate philosophorum
Origin England, S. (St Albans)
Date c. 1167 - c. 1183
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Initials in colours and gold with zoomorphic and/or foliate decoration, at the beginning of the Policraticus and the prologue to the Policraticus (ff. 2, 7v). 13 large initials with penwork decoration in blue, red, and green, at the beginning of other books (f. 6v, 15v, 35v, 48, 57v, 75, 92, 119, 161, 162v, 174v, 187, 197), and 1 with penwork decoration in blue, red, green, and gold (f. 210). Initials in red with penwork decoration in green or blue, in green with penwork decoration in red, or in blue with penwork decoration in red. Glosses in decorated frames in green, red, and/or blue (ff. 136v, 183, 185, 217, 217v).
Dimensions in mm 375 x 280 (280 x 175)
Official foliation ff. 219 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves and 1 medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end; f. 1 is a medieval parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1986.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of St Albans, commissioned by Simon, abbot of St. Albans (1167-1183): inscribed, 'Hunc librum fecit domnus Symon abbas s[an]c[t]o Albano, que[m] qui ei abstule/rit', aut frande[m] commiserit, aut titulu[m] deleverit vel corup[er]it; anathema sit', repeated in red ink at the end of the prologue, early 13th century (f. 7v).
Richard [Aungerville] de Bury (1287-1345), bishop of Durham (1333-1345), sold to him (see the inscription below).
The Benedictine abbey of St Albans, bought by Michael, abbot of St. Albans (1334-1349), in 1345 from the executors of Richard de Bury: inscribed 'Hu[n]c libru[m] venditu[m] d[omi]no Ric[ard]o de Biry ep[iscop]o Dunelm[ensi] emit / Michael abbas s[anct]i Albani ab executorib[us] p[re]d[ic]ti ep[iscop]i anno / d[omi]ni Mlill[esim]o CCCmoXLVto circa purificat[i]o[n]em b[eat]e V[ir]ginis' (f. 1); with a list of contents, in the same hand (f. 1); perhaps to be identified with the 'Policraticon Iohannis Sariburiensis cum aliis libri contentis; included in the list of borrowers and books borrowed from St Albans in 1420-1437, under the name of Willelmus Dolte, no. 39 (see English Benedictine Libraries 1996).
Thomas Wolsey (b. 1470/71, d. 1530), royal minister, archbishop of York, and cardinal: 'TC' monogram, perhaps for Thomas Cardinalis (see Carley 2000, p. xxxiii), 16th century (f. 2).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 1362' (f. 2), acquired by the Upper Library at Westminster after the inventory of 1542; in the select list of works noted by John Bale of c. 1548; in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 8v; and in the 1698 catalogue of the library of St James's Palace (see [Edward Bernard], Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), no. 8502).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Contains three treatises by John of Salisbury (b. c. 1120, d. 1180), bishop of Chartres (1176-1180): the Policraticus, composed in c. 1159 (ff. 2-161), the Metalogicon (ff. 161-208v), and the Entheticus de dogmate philosophorum (ff. 210-219v). The third text was written by a different but contemporary hand.
The full text of Policraticus survives in around 65 manuscripts. This manuscript is one of the earliest and most authoritative of the extants manuscripts.
Quire signatures
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 109-10.

N. R. Ker, 'Richard de Bury's Books from the Library of St. Albans', Bodleian Library Record, 3 (1950-51), 177-79 (p. 177).

N. R. Ker, English Manuscripts in the Century after the Norman Conquest (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1960), pp. 3, 11, 38-39, 47.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), pp. 167, 302.

Walter Cahn, 'St. Albans and the Channel Style in England', in The Year 1200: A Symposium (New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1975), pp. 187-230 (figs 6, 7).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 891.

Rodney M. Thomson, Manuscripts from St Albans Abbey 1066-1235, 2 vols (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 1982), I, no. 34, pp. 30, 53-56, 61, 66, II, pls 175-76, 178, 238-39.

Ioannis Saresberiensis, Policraticus I-IV, ed. by K. S. B. Keates-Rohan, Corpus Christianorum Continuatio Mediaevalis, 118 (Turnholt: Brepols, 1993), pp. xix-xxiii (as ‘A’).

Sten Ebbesen, 'Medieval Latin Glosses and Commentaries on Aristotelian Logical Texts of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries' Warburg Institute Surveys and Texts: Glosses and Commentaries on Aristotelian Logical Texts, 23 (1993), 129-73 (p. 151).

English Benedictine Libraries: The Shorter Catalogues, ed. by R. Sharpe and others, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 4 (London: British Library, 1996), B87.39.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.1262, H4.54, p. xxxi, n. 33.
Last revised: Tuesday, September 22, 2009


Images
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Inscriptions

f. 1
Inscriptions
Inhabited initial

f. 2
Inhabited initial
Inhabited initial

f. 2
Inhabited initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 7v
Illuminated initial
Decorated initial

f. 57v
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 75
Decorated initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 162v
Decorated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 210
Illuminated initial

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