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Detailed record for Royal 19 C XI

Author Jean de Vignay (trans. of Jacobus de Cessolis), Albertano of Brescia, Guillaume de Conches, Jean Chapuis, Philippe de Vitry, Jean Bruyant
Title Moral treatises, poems, prayers and hymns, including the Moralised Game of Chess (ff. 1-51), the tale of Melibeus (ff. 52-65v), a French translation of the Moralis Philosophia of Guillaume de Conches (ff. 66-78), a poem by Jean Chapuis (but attributed to Jehan de Meun) beginning 'O glorieuse Trinite' (ff. 79-88v), a poem by Philippe de Vitry, beginning, 'Par maniere desbatement' (ff. 89-95), a poem by Jean Bruyant beginning, 'On dit souvent en reprochier' (ff. 95v-113v), Elucidaires (a French translation of the Elucidarius) (ff. 114-147v), the Penitential Psalms (ff. 148-151v), prayers (ff. 152-155v)
Origin France, Central (Paris?)
Date 1st or 2nd quarter of the 15th century
Language French and Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Scribe Written by more than one scribe
Decoration 14 small miniatures in colours and gold with partial borders with rinceaux motifs (ff. 4v, 6v, 11v, 13v, 18v, 23, 26, 27v, 31v, 34, 37, 39v, 41v, 44). 2 historiated initials in colours and gold with partial bar borders and rinceaux motifs: an 'A' with a portrait of the author, Jean de Vignay (f. 1), and a 'U'(ns) with a portrait of Melibee and Prudence (f. 52). 1 large initial in colours and gold with rinceaux motifs and a partial border (f. 66). Large initials in blue with red pen-flourishing or in red with blue pen-flourishing, some large, some small. 7 puzzle initials in red and blue, all but one with partial borders in the same colours (ff. 79, 89, 95v, 114, 126v, 138v, 148). Small plain initials in red or blue. Paraphs in red or blue. Cadels. Rubrics in red. Line fillers in blue and red.
Dimensions in mm 330 x 250 (225 x 175), in two columns
Official foliation f. i + 156 (+ 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf pasted to the endpaper at the beginning)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Plain parchment binding over pasteboards with gilt-tooling on spine.
Provenance William Noy: inscribed, ' 5 Maii 1623, ex dono Willelmi Noy armigeri, ' (f. i verso).
John Shearley and John Hawes: inscribed with their names and the date, 1639 (f. 156).
Edmund Thorold, marshal of the Exchequer: inscribed, 'Give my nephew Brigham in lev of this an ould booke of Statutes per me Edm. Thorold' (f. 156).
John Theyer (bap. 1598, d. 1673), antiquary: marginal note in his hand, 'de Antichristo' (f. 142); included in the catalogue of his library left to his grandson Charles Theyer (b. 1651): see E. Bernard, Catalogi librorum manuscriptorum Angliae et Hiberniae, 3 vols. (Oxford: Sheldonian, '1697', but 1698?), II, no. 6633.
Robert Scott (b. c. 1632, d. 1709/10), London bookseller: included in the catalogue of John Theyer’s manuscripts in his possession, made in 1678 by William Beveridge and William Jane, Royal Appendix, 70, no. 22.
Charles II (b. 1630, d.1685), king of England, Scotland, and Ireland: purchased from Scott together with other 311 manuscripts from Theyer's library.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Horizontal catchwords
f. 1 is a parchment leaf pasted to a paper one.
f. 156 is a parchment flyleaf with various inscriptions relating to ownership.
Subjects of miniatures:
f. 1: Jean de Vignay writing
f. 4v: A king with crown, sceptre and orb
f. 6v: A queen with two attendents
f. 11v: Two judges with a book open before them
f. 13v: A mounted knight with a lance
f. 18v: Two 'rochs qui sont vicaires du roy' on horseback
f. 23: First pawn, or labourer, with spade, rod, and pruning-hook
f. 26: Second pawn or wright, with hammer, hatchet, and mason's trowel
f. 27v: Third pawn, or scribe, with knife, shears, pen-case, and ink-pot at girdle, and pen behind ear
f. 31v: Fourth pawn, or merchant, with scales, table, and purse
f. 34: Fifth pawn or physician, with book and box
f. 37: Sixth pawn or inn-keeper, at the inn-door, with pot of wine, receiving two guests
f. 39v: Seventh pawn, or city officer, with key measure, and purse
f. 41v: Eighth pawn, or messenger, with long hair, dice, pot of money, and wallet for letters
f. 44: Chess board in black and gold
f. 52: Melibee and Prudence
Select bibliography Samuel Berger, La bible française au moyen âge (Paris: Champion, 1884), p. 391.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 337-38.

Adolph Goldschmidt, 'Die Luzerner iilustrirten Handschriften des Schachzabelbuches des Schweizer Dichters Konrad von Ammenhausen. Ein Beitrag Geschichte der Buchmalerei im 14. und 15. Jahrhundert', Innerschweizerisches Jahrbuch fur Heimatkunde, 8-10 (1944-46), 9-33.

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999) , no 242.
Last revised: 18 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Jean de Vignay

f. 1
Jean de Vignay
King

f. 4v
King
Queen with two attendants

f. 6v
Queen with two attendants
 
Two judges

f. 11v
Two judges
Mounted knight

f. 13v
Mounted knight
Two men riding

f. 18v
Two men riding
 
Labourer

f. 23
Labourer
Wright

f. 26
Wright
Scribe

f. 27v
Scribe
 
Scribe

f. 27v
Scribe
Merchant

f. 31v
Merchant
Physician

f. 34
Physician
 
Innkeeper

f. 37
Innkeeper
City officer

f. 39v
City officer
Messenger

f. 41v
Messenger
 
Chessboard

f. 44
Chessboard
Melibee and Prudence

f. 52
Melibee and Prudence

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