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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Royal 20 D III

Title Lancelot du lac (Part 1)
Origin England or France
Date 1st quarter of the 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration Numerous puzzle initials in red and blue with pen-flourishing and penwork decoration in leaf patterns at the beginning of chapters. Paraphs in red and capitals highlighted in red. Catchwords. Rough sketch in lead point of a knight (f. 1v).
Dimensions in mm 340 x 225 (265 x 160/70) in two columns
Official foliation ff. i + 206 (+ 1 unfoliated paper flyeaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Mary Bohun, mother of Henry V (b. c. 1369, d. 1394): owned by her (see Carley 2000).
Franceys de Brache[chen]: his name inscribed on f. i in a 15th/16th-century hand.
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): perhaps included in the inventory of the library of Richmond Palace in 1535 (no. 99) (see Omont 1891) and in the catalogue of the library of Westminster of 1666 (f. 11v).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Written in a western dialect of Old French (has some Anglo-Norman features: eu>u, ie>e, 1st person pl. -oms)
The text is the first part of Lancelot du lac from 'En la marche de Gaule' up to the journey to Sorelois.
Select bibliography H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 10).

H. Oskar Sommer, Le Roman de Merlin or the Early History of King Arthur (London: Privately printed, 1894), facing p. xxiv.

H. L. D. Ward and J. A. Herbert, Catalogue of Romances in the Department of Manuscripts in the British Museum, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 1883-1910), I, pp. 352-53.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 378.

A. Micha, 'Les Manuscrits du Lanceloten Prose', Romania, 84 (1963), 28-60 (pp. 58-59).

A. Micha, 'La Tradition Manuscrite du Lancelot en Prose, Romania, 85 (1964), 293-318, 478-517 (pp. 296-97, 300-301, 304-312, 317-318).

Lancelot do Lac, the non-cyclic Old French prose romance, ed. by Elspeth Kennedy, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1980), I, pp. 1-572 [for an edition of the text], II, pp. 6, 13, 19-28.

Jeanne E. Krochalis, 'The Books and Readings of Henry V and his Circle', The Chaucer Review, 23 (1988), 50-77 (p. 54).

Elspeth Kennedy, 'Le Lancelot en prose (MS 45)', in Les manuscrits francais de la bibliotheque Parker: Actes du Colloque 24-27 mars 1993, ed. by Nigel Wilkins (Cambridge: Parker Library Publications, 1993), pp. 23-38 (p. 33).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H1.89, p. xxiv n.3.

Roger Middleton, 'Manuscripts of the Lancelot-Grail Cycle in England and Wales: Some Books and their Owners' in A Companion to the Lancelot-Grail Cycle, ed. by Carol Dover (Woodbridge: D. S. Brewer, 2003), pp. 219-35 (p. 223).

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Puzzle initial

f. 80v
Puzzle initial

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