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Detailed record for Harley 4772

Title Bible (The 'Montpellier Bible') (Genesis to Malachi)
Origin France, S. (Languedoc)
Date 1st quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Large historiated or decorated initials in colours and sometimes gold at the beginning of prefaces and books (ff. 1, 3v, 5, 27v, 47, 61v, 81, 99, 108v, 120v, 124, 140v, 153v, 169, 185, 209v, 240, 244, 269v, 280, 283v, 285v, 288, 289, 290, 292, 293v, 294v, 296, 297, 300v), many with interlace and animals. Text in gold. Initials in red with simple penwork decoration. Rubrics and numbers in red. Simple line-fillers in red.
Dimensions in mm 515 x 365 (400 x 255) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 301 ( + 1* + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Given to the Capucins at Montpellier in 1621 by François Ranchin (b.1564, d.1641), chancellor of the University of Montpellier: inscribed 'ad usum fratrum capucinorum conventus Monspetiensis catologo inscriptus sub littera B' (f. 1), see also f. 1*; no. 3 in the monastic library.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes First of two volumes: the second volume is Harley 4773.
f. 1* is a paper flyleaf.
Uncrossed tironian ets, ampersands.
The initials on ff 1, 5 may be later additions of the middle or 3rd quarter of the 12th century: see Cahn 1996; Avril 1983.
Select bibliography Bibliography for both Harley 4772 and 4773:

A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), IIII (1808), nos 4772-3.

Frederick Henry Ambrose Scrivener, A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, 4th edn, ed. by Edward Miller, 2 vols (London: George Bell & Sons, 1894), II, 67.

Meyer Schapiro, 'New Documents on Saint-Gilles', Art Bulletin 17 (1935), 414-31 (pp. 426-31, figs 1, 16).

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-374 (p. 323 n. 14).

D. H. Turner, Romanesque Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1966), p. 26, pl. 15.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190 Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), p. 34.

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Bible Illumination (Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press, 1982), pp. 213-14, ill. 178, no. 74 [with additional bibliography].

François Avril, 'Les arts de la couleur', in François Avril, Xavier Barral I Altet, and Danielle Gaborit-Chopin, Le Monde Roman 1060-1200, 2 vols (Paris: Gallimard, 1983), I Les Royaumes d’Occident, pp. 159-259 (pp. 187-8, pl. 154).

Walter Cahn, Romanesque Manuscripts: The Twelfth Century (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), I, 23; II, 59, 66, no. 49 [with additional bibliography].

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 27.

John Lowden, The Making of the Bibles Moralisées, 2 vols (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000), II: The Book of Ruth, p. 28, fig. 12.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 10 and 80, fig. 67.


Images
* * *
 
Angel

f. 1
Angel
Interlace initial

f. 3v
Interlace initial
Creation

f. 5
Creation
 
Creation

f. 5
Creation
Exodus

f. 27v
Exodus
Leviticus

f. 47
Leviticus
 
Deuteronomy

f. 81
Deuteronomy
Joshua

f. 99
Joshua
Judges

f. 108v
Judges
 
Elimelech

f. 120v
Elimelech
1 Samuel

f. 124
1 Samuel
2 Samuel

f. 140v
2 Samuel
 
1 Kings

f. 153v
1 Kings
2 Kings

f. 169
2 Kings
Isaiah

f. 185
Isaiah
 
Jeremiah

f. 209v
Jeremiah
Baruch

f. 240
Baruch
Ezekiel

f. 244
Ezekiel
 
Daniel

f. 269v
Daniel
Hosea

f. 280
Hosea
Joel

f. 283v
Joel
 
Amos

f. 285v
Amos
Foliate initial

f. 288
Foliate initial
Micah

f. 290
Micah
 
Nahum

f. 292
Nahum
Habakkak

f. 293v
Habakkak
Habakkak

f. 293v
Habakkak
 
Decorated initial

f. 296
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 297
Decorated initial
Malachi

f. 300v
Malachi
 

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