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Detailed record for Additional 54180

Author Frere Laurent
Title Somme le Roi
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date c. 1295
Language French
Script Gothic
Artists Master Honoré
Decoration 11 full-page miniatures in gold and colours with captions at the beginning of each treatise and chapter of the last part, 'Traite des vertus' (ff. 5v, 10v, 14v, 69v, 86v, 91v, 97v, 107, 121v, 136v, 188v). 2 historiated initials (ff. 6, 15). Initials in gold and colours with foliate and zoomorphic decoration extending into foliate partial borders, some with grotesque or zoomorphic terminals. Paraph marks in alternating red and blue, some with pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 185 x 125 (130 x 90 mm) written in two columns
Official foliation ff. 208 (+ 4 modern unfoliated paper flyleaves: 2 at the beginning and 2 at the end; ff. 1-4 and 202-208 are parchment flyleaves, ff. 1, 2 and 208 were former pastedowns)
Collation 19 gatherings: i4 (ff. 1-4); ii12+3 (ff. 5-19, ff. 5, 10, 14 are added singletons); iii-vi12 (ff. 20-67); vii12+1 (ff. 68-80; f. 69 is an added singleton); viii12+2 (ff. 81-94; ff. 86 and 91 are added singletons); ix12+2 (ff. 95-108; ff. 97 and 107 are added singletons); x12 (ff. 109-120); xi8+1 (ff. 121-129; f. 121 is an added singleton); xii10+1 (ff. 130-140); xiii-xv12 (ff. 141-176); xvi10 (ff. 177-186); xvii12+2 (ff. 187-200; ff. 187? and 188 are added singletons); xviii8 (ff. 201-208) (all leaves bearing the miniatures are added singletons of a different, thicker parchment). Catchwords (one remaining, f. 140v).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. English binding, black leather with gilt and tooled decoration. Possibly bound for Edmond Prideaux in 1720. Rebacked by W.H. Smith & Son in 1938. Marbled end-papers.
Provenance Philip IV [Philip the Fair] (b. 1268, d. 1314), king of France from 1285; probably made for him (see below).
Blanche of Navarre [Blanche d'Évreux] (b. 1331, d. 1398), queen of France, wife of Philip VI of France: perhaps to be identified with the manuscript included in the codicil of 20 March 1396 added to her last will (see Rouse and Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers (2000) p. 145): 'Item nous laisson a nostre tres chier filz le duc d’orleans nostre bien livre de la Somme le roy, qui fu au roy Phelippe le Bel, et est bien enluminé (Léopold Delisle, 'Testament de Blanche de Navarre' (1885), p. 30)
Louis of Valois (b. 1372, d. 1407), duke of Orléans, bequeathed by Blanche of Navarre in her last will (see above).
Added note in an English hand: 'Hyc lyber pertinet ad..' 15th century (f. 13v).
Erased ownership (?) inscription with a date: 'S 16..' (f. 2r).
Sir Edmund Prideaux (b. 1647, d. 1720), 4th baronet of Netherton, co Devon, or his son Sir Edmund Prideaux (b. 1675, d. 1729), 5th baronet of Netherton: ownership inscription: 'Edmond Prideaux Anno Domini 1720' (f. 3r).
Denys Edward Prideaux-Brune (b. 1891, d. 1952), Lieutenant-Colonel, Rifle Brigade: deposited at the British Library 1938-1947, and sold by him in 1947 to Millar (for correspondence relating to this transaction, see Additional manuscript 54323, ff. 52r-75r).
Eric George Millar (b. 1887, d. 1966), Keeper of Manuscripts, acquired by him on 19 May 1947 and bequeathed by him to the British Museum: his bookplate 'From the library of Eric George Millar' (pasted inside of the front cover), and a parchment label inscribed 'Edith Mary Millar Memorial MS.'.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The text is composed of five treatises:
'Les 10 commandements';
'Les 12 articles de la foi';
'Traite des vices';
'Eloge de la vertu';
'Traite des vertus'.
2 miniatures removed after ff. 111 and 156, after the pagination (now Cambridge, Fitzwilliam Museum MSS. 192 and 368).
Select bibliography Carl Nordenfalk, 'Maître Honoré and Maître Pucelle', Apollo, 79 (1964), 356-64.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 43.

Peter Brieger, ‘Manuscripts’, in Art and the Courts: France and England from 1259 to 1328, The National Gallery of Canada, 1972 (Ottowa: National Gallery, 1972), pp. 50-70 (pp. 59, 54 figs 45, 51).

E. V. Kosmer, 'A Study of the Style and Iconography of a Thirteenth-Century Somme le roi (British Museum Ms. Add. 54180)' (unpublished doctoral thesis: Yale University, 1973).

Jaroslav Folda, Crusader Manuscript Illumination at Saint-Jean d'Acre, 1275-1291 (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1976),

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), fig. 36.

Francois Avril, L'enluminure a l'époque gothique 1200-1420 (n. pl.: Bibliothèque de l'image, 1979), pp. 22-23.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 36.

Ellen Kosmer, 'A Study of the Style and Iconography of a 13th-century Somme le Roi (British Museum MS Add. 54180) with a Consideration of Other Illustrated Somme Manuscripts of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Centuries' (unpublished doctoral thesis: Yale University, 1973).

Les fastes du Gothique: le siècle de Charles V, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais 1981-1982 (Paris: Réunion des musées nationaux, 1981), p. 283.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992),

L'art au temps des rois maudits: Philippe le Bel et ses fils (1285-1328) (Paris: Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1998), no.183, pp. 276-7.

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, pp. 127, 141, 146, 148, 149, 151, 152, 162, 165, 167, 359 n. 3, 364 n. 23, 365 nn. 28, 29, 33, 366 n. 67, 367 n. 94, 369 n. 147.

Paul Binski, Becket’s Crown: Art and Imagination in Gothic England 1170-1300 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), pl.154.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 257.

Aden Kumler, Translating Truth: Ambitious Images and Religious Knowledge in Late Medieval France and England (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2011), pp. 180, 182 (fig. 70), 183-184, 261(n.18, 22), 264 (n. 69).


Images
* * *
 
Moses and the tablets; the golden calf

f. 5v
Moses and the tablets; the golden calf
The twelve Apostles

f. 10v
The twelve Apostles
Beast of the Apocalypse

f. 14v
Beast of the Apocalypse
 
Text page

f. 25
Text page
Garden of the Virtues

f. 69v
Garden of the Virtues
Pentecost

f. 86v
Pentecost
 
Four cardinal virtues

f. 91v
Four cardinal virtues
Friendship and hatred, David and Jonathan, Saul and David

f. 107
Friendship and hatred, David and Jonathan, Saul and David
Prowess and Idleness, David and Goliath, a sower

f. 121v
Prowess and Idleness, David and Goliath, a sower
 
Mercy and Avarice, Lot, and a widow

f. 136v:
Mercy and Avarice, Lot, and a widow
Sobriety and Gluttony, Lazarus and Dives

f. 188v:
Sobriety and Gluttony, Lazarus and Dives

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