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Detailed record for Additional 18851

Title Breviary, Use of the Spanish Dominicans ('The Breviary of Queen Isabella of Castille')
Origin Netherlands, S., Bruges
Date c. 1497
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Gerard David
Master of the Dresden Prayerbook/ Gerard David/ Master of James IV of Scotland and others.
Decoration Historiated borders with the labours of the months and signs of the zodiac (ff. 1v-7). 1 full page miniature in colours and gold, with a full borde, at the beginning of the Temporale (f. 8v). Space left for a full-page miniature (f. 8). Large, two-column miniatures in colours and gold with full scatter borders, at the beginning of other major liturgical divisions (ff. 9, 29, 37, 41, 63, 71, 77, 81v, 86, 90, 96, 100, 106v, 111v, 112, 124, 132, 139, 146v, 155v, 164, 173, 184v, 211, 228, 234, 241, 252, 260, 262, 293, 297, 309, 337, 348, 354, 365, 368, 386v, 392, 399, 436v, 437, 455, 477v, 481, 485r). Small, one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with full borders, at the beginning of selected masses (ff. 14v, 18, 23, 65v, 67v, 69v, 100v, 101, 101v, 102, 102v, 103, 103v, 104, 108v, 174, 174v, 176, 177v, 180, 182, 185, 186, 187, 189, 191v, 194, 194v, 195v, 196, 196v, 198, 203, 220v, 263v, 266, 270, 289, 301, 312, 314v, 326, 328v, 331v, 345v, 347, 358, 363v, 364, 367, 372, 374, 385v, 390, 404v, 405, 405v, 406v, 407v, 408, 411v, 412v, 414, 417, 418, 419v, 421v, 423v, 427, 431, 441, 442v, 444, 445v, 449, 451v, 458, 459, 461, 462, 463v, 464, 467v, 468v, 469v, 470v, 471, 472v, 473, 474v, 476, 484v, 485v, 488v, 491v, 494, 485v, 499). Historiated initials in colours and gold with partial borders (ff. 303, 304v, 306, 320v, 322v, 324). An unfinished initial (f. 297v). Large initials in colours and gold with flowers and insects, with three-sided borders. Initials in colours on gold grounds, some with flowers and partial borders. Small, verse initials in colours on gold grounds. Line-fillers in colours and gold.
Dimensions in mm 230 x 160 mm (135 x 95) written in two columns
Official foliation ff. 523 (+ 3 unfoliated parchment flyleaves: 2 at the beginning and 1 at the end, and 1 unfoliated parchment leaf after f. 7).
Collation i8 (ff. 1-7 + 1 unfoliated leaf after f. 7); ii8+1 (ff. 8-16; f. 8 is a singleton); iii-xiii8 (ff. 17-104); xiv2 (ff. 105-106, bound inside out: the correct order is ff. 106r. 106v, 105r, 105v); xv4 (ff. 107-110); xvi8 (ff. 111-118); xvii10 (ff. 119-128); xviii8 (ff. 129-136); xix8+1 (ff. 137-145; f. 143 is a singleton); xx-xxi8 (ff. 146-161); xxii10 (ff. 162-171); xxiii8+1 (ff. 172-180; f. 172 is a singleton); xxiv-xxv8 (ff. 181-196); xxvi6 (ff. 197-202); xxvii8 (ff. 203-210); xxviii10 (ff. 211-220); xxix-xxxi8 (ff. 221-244); xxxii8 (ff. 245-252; f. 252 is a singleton pasted onto a stub conjoint with f. 245); xxxiii-xxxix8 (ff. 253-308); xl6+1 (ff. 309-315; f. 309 is a singleton); xli6 (ff. 316-321); xlii8 (ff. 322-329); xliii6 (ff. 330-335); xliv2 (ff. 336-337); xlv-lvi8 (ff. 338-433); lvii8+1 (ff. 434-442; f. 436 is a singleton); lviii6 (ff. 443-448); lix8 (ff. 449-456); lx-lxi6 (ff. 457-468); lxii4 (ff. 469-472); lxiii-lxv8 (ff. 473-496); lxvi2 (ff. 497-498); lxvii-lxviii8 (ff. 499-514); lxix8+1 (ff. 515-523 + 1 unfoliated leaf); catchwords.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 19th-century blind-tooled dark brown leather binding with decorative lining by Charles Hering, with panels of blind-tooled Mudéjar decoration from an earlier, early 16th-century cover. Contained in a box lined with crimson silk velvet.
Provenance Isabella I of Castile 'the Catholic' (b. 1451, d. 1504), Queen of Castile and consort of Ferdinand, King of Aragon and Sicily, presented to her in c. 1497 by Francisco de Rojas, diplomat and ambassador to the Emperor Maximilian I, employed to negotiate a double marriage between the children of Isabella and Ferdinand and the children of Maximilian: the Rojas arms with an extract from John 1:5: 'Lux in tenebris lucet et tenebre eam non comprehendetur'; and his dedicatory inscription painted and written over the border decoration: 'Dive Elizabeth hispania[rum] et siscilie Regine etc chri[st]ianissi[m]e potentissi[m]e semp[er] auguste supreme Do[mi]ne sue cleme[n]tissime franciscus de Roias eiusde[m] maiestatis hu[m]ilimus servus ac creatura optime de se merens breviariu[m] hoc ex obsequio obtulit' (f. 437); Isabella's arms impaling those of Ferdinand, with the pomegranate badge of Granada, added on an inserted leaf, supported in the talons of an eagle with a scroll with the legend 'Sub umbra alarum tuarum protege nos' (Psalm 16:8), and two smaller shields below, with the arms of her children impaling those of their spouses (both marriage contracts were signed by proxy in 1495): Juan and Margaret of Austria, daughter of Emperor Maximilian I, and Joanna of Castile and Archduke Philip 'the Handsome', son of Emperor Maximilian I, with extracts from the Psalms, respectively: 'Pro patribus tuis nati sunt tibi filii constituisti eos principes super omnem terram' (Psalm 44: 17) and 'Potensin terra erit semen eorum generatio rectorum benedicetur' (Psalm 111: 2) (f. 436v).
John Dent (b. in or after 1761, d. 1826), politician and book collector: owned by him by 1817, described in Thomas Frognall Dibdin, Bibliographical Decameron or Ten Days Pleasant Discourse upon Illuminated Manuscripts (Bulmer and Co., 1817); sold to Philip Hurd: his sale, Evans, London, March 29, 1827, lot 484. Philip Hurd (d. 1831), Esquire of Kentish Town and attorney-at-law, Inner Temple, sold to Sir John Soane: his sale, Evans, London, March 29, 1832, lot 1434.
Sir John Soane (b. 1753, d. 1837), architect, resold by him through the London bookseller John Cochran to Sir John Tobin .Sir John Tobin (b. 1763, d. 1851), merchant and Lord Mayor of Liverpool, pased by descent to Rev. John Tobin, his son.
Reverend John Tobin of Liscard, Cheshire: sold by him to William Boone, London bookseller (trading 1815-1870) in 1852; purchased by the British Museum from Boone in 1852.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript, see Digitised Manuscripts http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts/
There were two campaigns of illumination of this manuscript. The first campaign began probably in the mid 1480s (see Brinkmann, Die flämische Buchmalerei, 1997) and encompassed works by the Master of the Dresden Prayerbook (most of miniatures on ff. 8v-258), his follower (ff. 1v-7 and several borders), Gerard David (ff. 29, 41, 297), with the last miniature probably belonging to the second campaign) and another painter (f. 309, painted on a singleton). The second campaign began before 1497 and was conducted by the Master of James IV of Scotland who was responsible for the remainder of the miniatures, with 12 spaces left blank. Seven miniatures were added in Spain, in the late 1480s or early 1490s (McKendrick, The Isabella Breviary, 2012) or c. 1500 (Backhouse, The Isabella Breviary, 1993) (ff. 365v, 372, 374, 386v, 390, 392, 399. All except the first miniature are painted on separate sheets of parchment and pasted into the volume). Five miniatures were added in the 19th century, in England (ff. 363v, 364, 367, 368, 385v) (see Kren and McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance, 2003).
Select bibliography Paul Durrieu, La Miniature flamande au temps de la cour de Bourgogne (1415-1530), (Paris, 1921), pl. LXXX.

Flemish Art 1300-1700, Winter Exhibition 1953-4 (London: Royal Academy of Arts ,1953-1954), no. 606.

Alain Arnould and Jean Michel Massing, Spendours of Flanders (Cambridge: University Press, 1993), p. 136, 156.

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les Manuscrits à Peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), p. 299 [exhibition catalogue].

Janet Backhouse, The Hastings Hours (London: British Library, 1996), p. 25.

The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. by Frances Carey (London: British Museum, 1999), pp. 94-95, no. 23 [with additional bibliography]

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), pls 89, 90 on p. 477.

Sophie Page, Astrology in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2002), p. 47, pl. 38.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London, 2003), pls 85-90.

The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), pp. 214-15.

Deirdre Jackson, Marvellous to Behold: Miracles in Medieval Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 16.

Elizabeth Morrison, Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), pp. 8-9.

La miniatura medieval en la Península Ibérica, ed. by Joaquín Yarza Luaces (Murcia: Nausícaä, 2007), pl. 9, p. 74.

Frauke Steenbock, 'Nothing second rate enters here', in Von Kunst und Temperament: Festschrift zu Ehren Eberhard Königs 60. Geburtstag, ed. by Mara Hofmann and Caroline Zöhl (Turnhout: Brepols, 2007), pp. 252-67 (pp. 261, 267 n. 34).

Lieve De Kesel, ‘Heritage and Innovation in Flemish Book Illumination at the Turn of the Sixteenth Century: Framing the Frames From Simon Marmion to Gerard David’, in Books in Transition at theTime of Philip the Fair: Manuscripts and Printed Books in the Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century Low Countries, ed. by Hanno Wijsman (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), pp. 93-130 (p. 94), 102.

Alixe Bovey, Jean de Carpentin's book of hours: The Genius of the Master of the Dresden Prayer Book (London : Paul Holberton Publishing, [2011]), p. 134, fig. 140.

The Isabella Breviary: The British Library, London Add. Ms. 18851 (Barcelona: Moleiro, 2012) [facsimile].

Nigel Morgan, Scot McKendrick and Elisa Ruiz García, The Isabella Breviary: The British Library, London Add. Ms. 18851 (Barcelona: Moleiro, 2012) [facsimile commentary].


Images
* * *
 
January

f. 1v
January
February

f. 2
February
March

f. 2v
March
 
April

f. 3
April
May

f. 3v
May
June

f. 4
June
 
July

f. 4v
July
August

f. 5
August
September

f. 5v
September
 
October

f. 6
October
November

f. 6v
November
December

f. 7
December
 
First Sunday in Advent

ff. 8v-9
First Sunday in Advent
Miniature

f. 9
Miniature
Detail of a miniature.

f. 9
Detail of a miniature.
 
Illuminated initials

f. 13
Illuminated initials
Landscape

f. 14v
Landscape
Landscape

f. 14v
Landscape
 
Third Sunday in Advent

f. 18
Third Sunday in Advent
Fourth Sunday in Advent

f. 23
Fourth Sunday in Advent
Nativity

f. 29
Nativity
 
Illuminated initial

f. 30
Illuminated initial
Circumcision of Christ

f. 37
Circumcision of Christ
Illuminated initial

f. 41v
Illuminated initial
 
Creation of the animals

f. 63
Creation of the animals
Ark

f. 65v
Ark
Ash Wednesday

f. 69v
Ash Wednesday
 
Temptations of Christ

f. 71
Temptations of Christ
Illuminated initials

f. 72
Illuminated initials
Illuminated initials

f. 73
Illuminated initials
 
The woman of Canaan before Christ

f. 77
The woman of Canaan before Christ
Casting out of a demon

f. 81v
Casting out of a demon
Woman taken in adultery

f. 86
Woman taken in adultery
 
Entry into Jerusalem

f. 96
Entry into Jerusalem
Illuminated initials

f. 99v
Illuminated initials
Last Supper and Washing of the Apostle's Feet

f. 100
Last Supper and Washing of the Apostle's Feet
 
Agony in the Garden and Arrest of Christ

f. 100v
Agony in the Garden and Arrest of Christ
Betrayal of Christ and Christ before Caiaphas

f. 101
Betrayal of Christ and Christ before Caiaphas
Christ before Pilate and Chirst under arrest

f. 102
Christ before Pilate and Chirst under arrest
 
Christ before Pilate and Christ being scourged

f. 103
Christ before Pilate and Christ being scourged
Christ being tortured and Christ being mocked

f. 103v
Christ being tortured and Christ being mocked
Christ carrying the cross and Christ being placed upon the cross

f. 104
Christ carrying the cross and Christ being placed upon the cross
 
Crucifixion

f. 106v
Crucifixion
Illuminated initials

f. 107
Illuminated initials
Soldiers guarding Christ's tomb

f. 108v
Soldiers guarding Christ's tomb
 
Nebuchadnezzar

f. 111v
Nebuchadnezzar
Rebuilding of Jerusalem

f. 112
Rebuilding of Jerusalem
Illuminated initial

f. 121
Illuminated initial
 
Coronation of David

f. 124
Coronation of David
David cursed

f. 132
David cursed
Illuminated initials

f. 138
Illuminated initials
 
Plunder of the Temple

f. 139
Plunder of the Temple
David and the singers

f. 146v
David and the singers
David

f. 155v
David
 
David

f. 164
David
Abraham rescuing Lot

f. 173
Abraham rescuing Lot
Crossing the Red Sea

f. 174
Crossing the Red Sea
 
Saul and Messenger

f. 176
Saul and Messenger
Adam and Eve

f. 177v
Adam and Eve
Ascension

f. 180
Ascension
 
Female Suppliant

f. 182
Female Suppliant
David and his musicians

f. 184v
David and his musicians
Solomon building the Temple

f. 185
Solomon building the Temple
 
God and Saints

f. 186
God and Saints
Sacrifice

f. 187
Sacrifice
Army

f. 189
Army
 
David

f. 191v
David
Furnace

f. 194v
Furnace
Visitation

f. 195v
Visitation
 
Mourning

f. 196
Mourning
Burning of the books

f. 196v
Burning of the books
Snail and fly

f. 196v
Snail and fly
 
Prayer

f. 198
Prayer
Dominicans

f. 203
Dominicans
Resurrection

f. 211
Resurrection
 
Three illuminated initials

f. 216
Three illuminated initials
Two illuminated initials

f. 217
Two illuminated initials
Two illuminated initials

f. 218v
Two illuminated initials
 
Illuminated initials

f. 219v
Illuminated initials
John on Patmos

f. 220v
John on Patmos
Illuminated initials

f. 226
Illuminated initials
 
Ascension

f. 228
Ascension
Pentecost

f. 234
Pentecost
Crucifixion

f. 241
Crucifixion
 
Trompe l'oeil border

f. 245
Trompe l'oeil border
Dives and Lazarus

f. 252
Dives and Lazarus
Illuminated initial

f. 252
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initial

f. 256
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 256v
Illuminated initial
Illuminated initial

f. 258v
Illuminated initial
 
Illuminated initials

f. 259
Illuminated initials
Solomon lecturing

f. 260
Solomon lecturing
Bird

f. 260
Bird
 
Sufferings of Job

f. 262
Sufferings of Job
Giving bread

f. 263v
Giving bread
Battle

f. 266
Battle
 
Illuminated initial

f. 267
Illuminated initial
Temple

f. 270
Temple
Consecration of the Church

f. 289
Consecration of the Church
 
Andrew's Crucifixion

f. 293
Andrew's Crucifixion
Barbara

f. 297
Barbara
Illuminated initials

f. 297v
Illuminated initials
 
Coronation of the Virgin

f. 301
Coronation of the Virgin
Saint Lucy

f. 303
Saint Lucy
Stephen

f. 306
Stephen
 
John the Evangelist

f. 309
John the Evangelist
Massacre of the Innocents

f. 312
Massacre of the Innocents
Illuminated initial detail

f. 317v
Illuminated initial detail
 
Anthony Abbot

f. 320v
Anthony Abbot
Martyrdom of Sebastian

f. 322v
Martyrdom of Sebastian
Agnes

f. 324
Agnes
 
Conversion of Paul

f. 328v
Conversion of Paul
Thomas Aquinas

f. 331v
Thomas Aquinas
Presentation at the Temple

f. 337
Presentation at the Temple
 
Peter

f. 345v
Peter
Matthias

f. 347
Matthias
Thomas Aquinas

f. 348
Thomas Aquinas
 
Annunciation and Tree of Jesse

f. 354
Annunciation and Tree of Jesse
Vincent Ferrer

f. 358
Vincent Ferrer
Vincent Ferrer

f. 358
Vincent Ferrer
 
George

f. 363v
George
Peter Martyr

f. 365
Peter Martyr
Catherine of Siena

f. 368
Catherine of Siena
 
Holy Cross

f. 372
Holy Cross
Christ's sufferings

f. 374
Christ's sufferings
Visitation

f. 399
Visitation
 
Seven Holy Brothers

f. 404v
Seven Holy Brothers
Procopius

f. 405
Procopius
Alexius, Confessor

f. 405v
Alexius, Confessor
 
Margaret

f. 406v
Margaret
Praxedes

f. 407v
Praxedes
Mary Magdalene

f. 408
Mary Magdalene
 
Apollinaris

f. 411v
Apollinaris
James the Great

f. 412v
James the Great
Monkey playing bagpipes detail

f. 412v
Monkey playing bagpipes detail
 
Anne, the Virgin Mary and Christ detail

f. 414
Anne, the Virgin Mary and Christ detail
Martha detail

f. 417
Martha detail
Pope and bishop

f. 418
Pope and bishop
 
Peter

f. 419v
Peter
Stephen detail

f. 421
Stephen detail
Dominic

f. 423v
Dominic
 
Transfiguration

f. 427
Transfiguration
Laurence

f. 431
Laurence
Arms of Queen Isabella

f. 436v
Arms of Queen Isabella
 
Bernard detail

f. 441
Bernard detail
Bartholomew

f. 442v
Bartholomew
Augustine

f. 445v
Augustine
 
John the Baptist

f. 449
John the Baptist
Nativity of the Virgin Mary

f. 451v
Nativity of the Virgin Mary
Gorgonius, Prothus and Hiacinthus and the Exaltation of the Cross

f. 455
Gorgonius, Prothus and Hiacinthus and the Exaltation of the Cross
 
Euphemia

f. 458
Euphemia
Matthew

f. 459
Matthew
Soldiers

f. 461
Soldiers
 
Cosmas and Damian

f. 462
Cosmas and Damian
Wenceslas

f. 463v
Wenceslas
Michael

f. 464
Michael
 
Jerome

f. 467v
Jerome
Remigius

f. 468v
Remigius
Francis

f. 469v
Francis
 
Denis

f. 471
Denis
Edward the Confessor

f. 472v
Edward the Confessor
Luke

f. 473
Luke
 
Female saints

f. 474v
Female saints
Peter and Paul

f. 476
Peter and Paul
All Saints

f. 477v
All Saints
 
Resurrection of Lazarus

f. 481
Resurrection of Lazarus
Theodore

f. 485
Theodore
Martin

f. 485v
Martin
 
Elizabeth

f. 488v
Elizabeth
Cecilia

f. 491v
Cecilia
Pope Clement

f. 494
Pope Clement
 
Catherine

f. 495v
Catherine
Apostles

f. 499
Apostles
Partial border

f. 518v
Partial border
 

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