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Detailed record for Additional 49622

Part 1 ff. 1-6, 8-228 
Title Psalter (the 'Gorleston Psalter')
Origin England, E. (East Anglia)
Date between 1310 and 1324
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 13 large historiated initials with full borders, at the main textual divisions of Psalms 1, 26, 38, 51, 52, 68, 80, 97, 101, 109, 119, the beginning of Canticles, and the Office of the Dead (ff. 8, 35, 52v, 68v, 69, 86, 107v, 128v, 146v, 167, 190v, 215). 24 calendar roundels (ff. 1-6v). 145 historiated initials with partial borders and partial borders on all remaining pages. Borders and marginalia include human figures, animals, hybrid creatures, and heraldic decoration.
Dimensions in mm 325 x 235 (240 x 140)
 
Part 2 f. 7 
Title Miniature of the Crucifixion
Origin England, E. (Norwich)
Date c. 1320-1325
Language n/a
Decoration 1 full page miniature in colours with gold, with full border incorporating fleur-de lys (f. 7)
Dimensions in mm 325 x 235
 
Official foliation ff. 228 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end).
Collation i6+1 (added leaf), ii-iv8, v8-1(first lacking), vi-xxviii8, xxix6. Catchwords throughout, except in first gathering.
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown russia-leather, blind-tooled over bevelled boards, between 1794 and 1823.
Provenance Made for a person associated with St Andrew's, Gorleston, Suffolk, perhaps for the layman pictured on ff. 10, 67, 73, 119v, 145, 170, whose identity has been disputed. The arms of England and France are shown in association (f. 8) so that the manuscript cannot have been executed before the marriage of Edward I to Margaret of France in 1299).
? Norwich Cathedral priory: added late 14th-century Norwich litany (ff.226v-228).
Sir Thomas Cornwallis, (b.1519, d.1604): inscription (f. 1); the armorial bookplate of Cornwallis family (front pastedown), remained in the Cornwallis family until the death of Charles, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis in 1823: presented by his five daughters to Neville.
Honourable Richard Neville, 3rd Baron Braybrooke, married to Jane, the daughter of the 2nd Marquess Cornwallis: inscription recording the presentation of the manuscript to Neville in 1823, signed by Jane and her four sisters Louisa, Jemima, Mary and Elizabeth (f. i), which reads 'This Missal originally the property of Sir Thomas Cornwalleys from whom it descended to the Daughters and Coheiresses of Charles 2nd Marquis Cornwallis was by them presented to the Honble Richard Neville as a token of their regard & affection 1823'.
? 19th-century (?) pressmark: 'TI' on front flyleaf.
Latimer Griffin, later Neville, 6th Baron of Braybrooke, between 1827 and 1904.
Sold by Henry Neville, 7th Baron of Braybrooke, to Charles William Dyson Perrins (b. 1864, d. 1958), book and porcelain collector and benefactor, 1904 (Dyson Perrins MS 13); bequeathed by him to the British Museum in 1958.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Part of the Gorleston Psalter group, together with the Stowe Breviary (Stowe 12) and the Howard Psalter (Arundel 83 Part I), thought to have emerged in the second decade of the 14th century (see Norton, Park, and Binski, 'Dominican Painting' (1987) p. 69).
Manufacturing aids (catchwords).
Select bibliography Sydney Carlyle Cockerell, The Gorleston Psalter (London: Chiswick Press, 1907).
E. Maunde Thompson, 'The Gorleston Psalter', Burlington Magazine, 13 (1908), 146-51.
George Warner, A Descriptive Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts in the Library of C.W. Dyson Perrins D.C.L, F.S.A (London: Oxford University Press, 1920), no. 13.
Eric G. Millar, English Illuminated Manuscripts of the XIVth and XVth Century (Paris: Van Oest, 1928), pls 14-18 [when in the collection of Dyson Perrins].
Neil Ker, Medieval Libraries of Great Britain, 2nd edition, (London, 1964).
Otto Pächt, ' A Giottesque Episode in English Illumination', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 6 (1943), 51-70.
L.M.C. Randall, 'The Snail in Gothic Marginal Warfare', Speculum, 37 (1962), p. 358.
Florens Deuchler, Der Ingeborgpsalter (Berlin: de Gruyter & Co., 1967), p. 8.
lluminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 23, pl. 7.
Andrew Martindale, Gothic Art (London: Thames & Hudson, 1967), pp. 141-42, pl. 142.
Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 2 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), p. 23.
G. Evelyn Hutchinson, 'Aposemetic Insects and the Master of the Brussels Initial', American Scientist, 61 (1974), p. 170 n. 3.
Lucy Freeman Sandler, The Peterborough Psalter in Brussels and Other Fenland Manuscripts (London: Harvey Miller, 1974), pp. 12-13, 88, 96, 98-99, 130-31, 134-35, 161, figs. 298, 342-43.
François Avril, L'enluminure à l'époque gothique 1200-1420 (n. pl.: Bibliotheque de l'image, 1979), p. 88.
Lucy Freeman Sandler, 'An Early Fourteenth Century English Psalter in the Escorial', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 42 (1979), pp. 65, n. 4, 75-78.
Richard Marks and Nigel Morgan, The Golden Age of English Manuscript Painting 1200-1500 (London: Chatto & Windus, 1981), p.18, pls 19, 20.
Otto Pächt, Buchmalerei des Mittelalters (Munich: Prestel, 1984), 94, 144, pl. 27.
Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5 (London: Harvey Miller, 1986), I, no. 50.
The Age of Chivalry: Art in Plantagent England 1200-1400, ed. by Jonathan Alexander and Paul Binski (London: Royal Academy of Arts, 1987), no. 574 [exhibition catalogue].
Suzanne Lewis, The Art of Matthew Paris in the Chronica Majora (Aldershot: Scolar Press, 1987), p. 498 n. 204.
Christopher Norton, David Park, and Paul Binski, Dominican Painting in East Anglia: The Thornham Parva Retable and the Musee de Cluny Frontal (Woodbridge: Boydell: 1987), pp. 49 n. 95, 69-70, 80-81.
Michael Gullick, Calligraphy (London: Studio Editions, 1990), pl. 17.
Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), II, p. 79.
The British Library Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts 1956-1965, I: Descriptions (London: British Library, 2000), pp. 134-40.
Lucy Freeman Sandler, ‘The Images of Words in English Gothic Psalters’, in Studies in the Illustration of the Psalter, ed. by Brendan Cassidy and Rosemary Muir Wright (Stamford: Shaun Tyas, 2000), pp. 67-86.
Michaela Braesel, ‘The Influence of Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts on the Pre-Raphaelites and the Early Poetry of William Morris’, Journal of William Morris Studies, 15.4 (2004), pp. 41-54 (p. 44).
The Cambridge Illuminations: Ten Centuries of Book Production in the Medieval West, ed. by Paul Binski and Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), pp. 187, 191.
The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 213 n. 8 [exhibition catalogue].
Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 130-31, fig. 117-18.
M. A. Michael, ‘Seeing-in: The Macclesfield Psalter’, in The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 115-28 (p. 116 n. 7).
Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 50.
Margot M. Nishimura and David Nishimura, 'Rabbits, Warrens and Warenne: The Patronage of the Gorleston Psalter' in Tributes to Lucy Freeman Sandler: Studies in Illuminated Manuscripts, ed. by Kathryn A. Smith and Carol H. Krinsky (London: Harvey Miller Publishers, 2007), pp. 205-18.
William Smith The use of Hereford : the sources of a medieval English diocesan rite(Farnham: Ashgate, 2015), p. 38.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-6, 8-228
Psalter (the 'Gorleston Psalter')
* * *
 
Beatus Page

f. 8
Beatus Page
Monk and satyrs

f. 10
Monk and satyrs
Wild boars

f. 21v
Wild boars
 
David anointed

f. 35
David anointed
Bishop and birds

f. 49v
Bishop and birds
Doeg

f. 68v
Doeg
 
Jonah

f. 86
Jonah
Figurative border

f. 95
Figurative border
Historiated Initial

f. 107v
Historiated Initial
 
Hybrid creatures

f. 112v
Hybrid creatures
The Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 126
The Annunciation to the Shepherds
Hunting with a sling

f. 135v
Hunting with a sling
 
Cleric and pupil

f. 140v
Cleric and pupil
The Trinity

f. 146v
The Trinity
Forging a horseshoe

f. 154v
Forging a horseshoe
 
Knight and snail

f. 162v
Knight and snail
Hell mouth

f. 181v
Hell mouth
Fox and goose

f. 190v
Fox and goose
 
Boar chasing a deer

f. 210
Boar chasing a deer
Bishop's funeral

f. 215
Bishop's funeral

Part  2   f. 7
Miniature of the Crucifixion
* * *
 
Crucifixion

f. 7
Crucifixion

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