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Detailed record for Additional 50005

Title Book of Hours, with the Hours of the Virgin, the Short Hours of the Holy Cross, Prayers and Suffrages (ff. 8-179v), imperfect
Origin Netherlands, N. (Utrecht or Guelders)
Date c. 1420
Language Dutch
Script Gothic
Artists The Master of the Morgan Infancy Cycle
Decoration 66 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 12v, 2v, 3v, 4v, 5v, 6v, 7v, 21v, 22v, 36v, 37v, 45v, 46v, 52v, 53v, 59v, 60v, 66v, 84v, 85v, 86v, 87v, 88v, 89v, 90v, 91v, 92v, 93v, 94v, 97v, 98v, 99v, 100v, 101v, 102v, 105v, 106v, 107v, 108v, 109v, 112v, 113v, 114v, 117v, 118v, 119v, 120v, 123v, 124v, 127v, 128v, 129v, 130v, 131v, 133v, 135v, 136v, 137v, 138v, 139v, 140v, 141v, 142v, 144v, 150v, 155v). 17 large historiated or decorated initials in colours and gold with full or partial borders, some inhabited, or marginal drawings (ff. 8, 23, 38, 47, 54, 61, 67, 75, 95, 103, 110, 115, 121, 125, 132, 145, 151). Initials in gold or blue, some with penwork decoration in the other colour and red. Initials in red or blue, some with penwork decoration in red. Rubrics in red. Highlighting of letters in red. Marginal drawings of people or animals in blue or red (e. g., ff. 42, 48, 49v, 51, 57v, 58, 111, 125v, 126).
Dimensions in mm 125 x 90 (70 x 45)
Official foliation ff. I + 178 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 at the end; f. 1 is pasted to f. I, a paper flyleaf, with the recto side no longer visible; f. ii is a paper flyleaf pasted to a marbled paper endleaf
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post 1600. 17th century; red morocco over pasteboard; gold tooling; marbled endpapers.
Provenance Probably written and illuminated c. 1410-1420 at Utrecht or Delft: the Hours of the Virgin are the same as in a printed Book of Hours, dated 1490, in Dutch, said to be of Utrecht use: Printed Books, IA.48220 (see Marrow, The Golden Age(1990)).
Possibly made for the woman represented as kneeling in prayer (with a blank speech scroll) before the Virgin and Child (f. 155v). She or a later owner was probably a sister of the Common Life: a prayer on f. 162r (added at a later stage by Hand 3) opens 'O mijn gemiude suster' ('O my beloved sister') and includes on ff. 164r-164v the words 'soe moecht ghi een ghewarich dienster Christi worden' ('may you become a true servant of Christ'), (see Marrow, The Golden Age (1990)).
A note in pen 'DAW' (with 'SON?' added in pencil) and '9 - 0' (.f. iv recto).
J. and J. Leighton, purchased by Dyson Perrins in 1909.
Charles William Dyson Perrins (b. 1864, d. 1958), book and porcelain collector and benefactor: printed book-labels attached to the pastedown on the upper inside cover, one of them numbered '108' (the manuscript's number within Dyson Perrins' collection); small printed label attached to the pastedown on the lower inside cover, numbered '121' (the manuscript's old number).
Acquired by the British Museum in 1958; £5,000 each was donated by the National Art-Collections Fund and the Pilgrims Trust and £750 was raised by the Friends of the National Libraries for the purchase of this manuscript by private treaty.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The dating of the manuscript to c. 1410-1420 is based on dates suggested for other works from the atelier of the Master of the Morgan Infancy Cycle (see Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Painting (1953), I: pp. 104-6; Brown, Meredith-Owens and Turner, 'Manuscripts from the Dyson Perrins Collection' (1961), p. 35; Turner, Illuminated Manuscripts (1967), p. 43; Marrow, The Golden Age of Dutch Manuscript Painting (1990), pp. 57-58, 63).
Miniatures include 18 of a cycle of the life of Mary, illustrating the Hours of the Virgin, and 44 of the life of Christ and His Passion, in the Hours of the Cross.
Select bibliography George Warner,Descriptive Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts in the Library of C.W. Dyson Perrins, 2 vols (Oxford: University Press, 1920), I: pp. 251-56, no. 108; II: pls 92-93.
Alexander W. Byvanck and Godefridus J. Hoogewerff, Noord-Nederlandsche Miniaturen in handschriften der 14e, 15e en 16e eeuwen, 2 vols (s-Gravenhage: M. Nijhoff, 1925), I: pp. 38-39 (no. 91), figs. 71-73.
Victor Leroquais, Les Livres d'Heures manuscrits de la Bibliothe`que Nationale, 3 vols (Paris: [Ma^con, impr. Protat], 1927), II: p. 342.
T.J. Brown, G.M. Meredith-Owens and Derek H. Turner, 'Manuscripts from the Dyson Perrins Collection', The British Museum Quarterly, 23 (1961), 27-38 (pp. 27-28, 35, pl. 20(a).
Derek H. Turner, Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series V (London: British Museum, 1965), no. 33.
Derek H. Turner, Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London: British Museum, 1967), no. 51.
James H. Marrow, 'Dutch Manuscript Illumination before the Master of Catherine of Cleves: the Master of the Morgan Infancy Cycle', Nederlands Kunsthistorisch Jaarboek, 19 (1968), 51-113 (pp. 53-58, 60, 65, 75-95, 97, 101-07; figs 11, 17-19, 21-27, 29, 31, 37, 39).
Janet M. Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), p. 43, pl. 41.
James H. Marrow, 'Prologomena to a New Descriptive Catalogue of Dutch Illuminated Manuscripts', Miscellanea Neerlandica: opstellen voor Dr Jan Deschamps ter gelegenheid van zijn zeventigste verjaardag, ed. by Elly Cockx-Indestege and Frans Hendrickx, 3 vols (Leuven: Peeters, 1987), I: pp. 295-309 (p. 306).
Robert G. Calkins, 'The Question of the Origins of the Master of Catherine of Cleves', in Masters and Miniatures: Proceedings of the Congress on Medieval Manuscript Illumination in the Nothern Netherlands (Utrecht, 10-13 December 1989), ed. by Koert van der Horst and Johann-Christian Klamt (Doornspijk: Davaco, 1991), pp. 327-31 (p. 330 n. 20).
James H. Marrow and others, The Golden Age of Dutch Manuscript Painting (New York: George Braziller, 1990), pp. 63-64, no. 14, pl. 14 and figs. 19-20.
Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'A Metalwork Triptych of the Passion of Christ in the Metropolitan Museum, New York' , Wiener Jahrbuch fur Kunstgeschichte 46/47 (1993/94), 27-36 (pp. 33-34).
The British Library Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts, 1956-1965, Part I: Descriptions (London: The British Library, 2000), pp. 203-06.
Celia Fisher Flowers in Medieval Manuscripts (London : British Library, 2004), p. 13.
The hours of Catherine of Cleves: devotion, demons and daily life in the fifteenth century, ed. by Rob Dückers and Ruud Priem (New York: Abrams, 2010) [exhibition catalogue], pp. 166-67, no. 13.
M. Bloem, 'De Meesters van Zweder van Culemborg: Werkplaatspraktijken van een groep Noord-Nederlandse verluchters, ca. 1415-1440' (unpublished PhD thesis: Amsterdam School for Culture and History, 2015) p. 181, n. 24


Images
* * *
 
Joachim's offering

f. 1v
Joachim's offering
Annunciation

f. 2v
Annunciation
Joachim and the angel

f. 3v
Joachim and the angel
 
Joachim and Anna

f. 4v
Joachim and Anna
Birth of Mary

f. 5v
Birth of Mary
Presentation of the Virgin

f. 6v
Presentation of the Virgin
 
The Marriage of the Virgin

f. 7v
The Marriage of the Virgin
Mother and child

f. 8
Mother and child
Initials

f. 14
Initials
 
The Visitation

f. 21v
The Visitation
The Nativity

f. 22v
The Nativity
Initial and border

f. 23
Initial and border
 
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 36v
Annunciation to the Shepherds
The Magi and Herod

f. 37v
The Magi and Herod
Decorated initial

f. 38
Decorated initial
 
Epiphany

f. 45v
Epiphany
The Presentation in the Temple

f. 46v
The Presentation in the Temple
Cockerel; goose

f. 47
Cockerel; goose
 
The Flight into Egypt

f. 52v
The Flight into Egypt
The miraculous corn

f. 53v
The miraculous corn
Angel, eagle and ostrich

f. 54
Angel, eagle and ostrich
 
The Massacre of the Innocents

f. 59v
The Massacre of the Innocents
Christ in the Temple

f. 60v
Christ in the Temple
Bird and acorns

f. 61
Bird and acorns
 
Funeral of the Virgin

f. 66v
Funeral of the Virgin
Mermaid and elephant

f. 67
Mermaid and elephant
Dragon and dog

f. 75
Dragon and dog
 
Palm Sunday

f. 84v
Palm Sunday
The Last Supper

f. 85v
The Last Supper
Judas and the Chief Priests

f. 86v
Judas and the Chief Priests
 
The Agony in the Garden

f. 87v
The Agony in the Garden
The Soldiers afraid

f. 88v
The Soldiers afraid
The Betrayal

f. 89v
The Betrayal
 
Christ before Caiaphas

f. 91v
Christ before Caiaphas
Christ mocked

f. 92v
Christ mocked
Peter's repentance

f. 93v
Peter's repentance
 
Christ before Pilate

f. 97v
Christ before Pilate
Christ before Pilate

f. 99v
Christ before Pilate
Crown of thorns

f. 100v
Crown of thorns
 
Christ mocked

f. 101v
Christ mocked
Christ reviled

f. 102v
Christ reviled
Christ prepared for scourging

f. 105v
Christ prepared for scourging
 
Christ led away

f. 108v
Christ led away
The Carrying of the Cross

f. 109v
The Carrying of the Cross
Christ prepared for crucifixion

f. 112v
Christ prepared for crucifixion
 
The Raising of the Cross

f. 114v
The Raising of the Cross
The Crucifixion

f. 117v
The Crucifixion
Soldiers casting lots

f. 118v
Soldiers casting lots
 
Joseph and Nicodemus

f. 120v
Joseph and Nicodemus
The Deposition

f. 123v
The Deposition
The Pietą

f. 124v
The Pietą
 
Zoomorphic initial and dragn

f. 125
Zoomorphic initial and dragn
The Anointing

f. 127v
The Anointing
The Entombment

f. 128v
The Entombment
 
Closing the tomb

f. 129v
Closing the tomb
The Jews before Pilate

f. 130v
The Jews before Pilate
The Harrowing of Hell

f. 131v
The Harrowing of Hell
 
The Instruments of the Passion

f. 133v
The Instruments of the Passion
The Resurrection

f. 135v
The Resurrection
'Noli me tangere'

f. 136v
'Noli me tangere'
 
The Supper at Emmaus

f. 137v
The Supper at Emmaus
Christ appears to the Apostles

f. 139v
Christ appears to the Apostles
Christ and the Apostles,with Thomas

f. 140v
Christ and the Apostles,with Thomas
 
The Ascension

f. 141v
The Ascension
Pentecost

f. 142v
Pentecost
The Seven Words

f. 144v
The Seven Words
 
Decorated initial and border

f. 145
Decorated initial and border
The Saviour

f. 150v
The Saviour
The Virgin and a kneeling woman

f. 155v
The Virgin and a kneeling woman
 

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