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Detailed record for Harley 2943

Title Prayer book
Origin Netherlands, N. (Haarlem? or Beverwijk?)
Date 1486
Language Dutch
Script Gothic
Artists Nicholas Spierinc
Decoration 6 full-page miniatures with full foliate borders including human figures and/or animals, in colours and gold, for major divisions (ff. 17v, 49v, 68v, 89v, 112v, 127v). 3 large historiated initials with three-sided foliate borders, including human figures and/or animals, in colours and gold (ff. 18, 50, 69). 1 smaller historiated initial with partial foliate borders, in colours and gold (f. 13). Large decorated foliate initials with three-sided foliate borders, including human figures and/or animals, in colours and gold (ff. 90, 113, 128). 29 large decorated foliate initials with partial foliate borders, many including human figures and/or animals, in colours and gold, for minor divisions (ff. 24v, 31, 33v, 35v, 38, 40v, 44v, 50v, 56v, 58v, 60, 61v, 62v, 64, 66, 74v [initial in gold on a red and blue ground], 77, 79, 81, 82v, 84, 86v, 96v, 99, 101, 103, 104v, 106v, 109). Small initials in red with purple pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing, with green wash. Red double-line ruling.
Dimensions in mm 195 x 135 (100 x 65)
Official foliation ff. 157 (+ 1 unfoliated medieval parchment leaf after f. 67; + 3 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Harleian binding of gold-tooled red leather; marbled endpapers; gilt edges.
Provenance Written by Nicolas Spierinc: signed and dated 'Spierinck 1486' (f. 18, cf. f. 69).
A member of the Lochorst family: their arms, partly effaced (ff. 49v, 50, 58v).
Added prayer in Dutch in a 17th-century hand (ff. 156-157v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '12 die Septembris, 1722' (2nd flyleaf). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II, no. 2943.

Deutsche Handschriften in England, ed. by Robert Priebsch, 2 vols in 1 vol. (Hildesheim: Olms, 1979, first publ. Erlangen: Junge, 1896-01), II: Das British Museum mit einem Anhang über die Guildhall-Bibliothek, no. 21.

Paul Durrieu, La Miniature flamande au temps de la cour de Bourgogne (1415-1530) (Paris and Brussels: [n. pub.], 1921), pl. LIV.

Antoine de Schryver, 'Nicolas Spierinc Calligraphe et enlumineur des Ordonnances des Etats de l'Hôtel de Charles le Téméraire', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits 23 (1969), 434-58.

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 716.

The Golden Age of Dutch Manuscript Painting (New York: Braziller, 1990), pp. 233, 242-43 [exhibition catalogue].

Klaas van der Hoek, 'De Noordhollandse verluchter Spierinck: Haarlem en/of Beverwijk, ca.1485-1519', in Middeleeuwse handschriftenkunde in de Nederlanden 1988: Verslag van Groningse Codicologendagen 28-29 april 1988, ed. by Jos M. M. Hermans (Grave: Alfa, 1989), pp.163-82.

Klaas van der Hoek, 'The North Holland Illuminator Spierinck: Some Attributions Reconsidered', Masters and Miniatures: Proceedings of the Congress on Medieval Manuscript Illumination in the Nothern Netherlands (Utrecht, 10-13 December 1989), ed. by Koert van der Horst and Johann-Christian Klamt (Doornsprijk: Davaco, 1991), p. 281.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Book of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), no. 28.


Images
* * *
 
Annunciation

ff. 17v-18
Annunciation
Annunciation

f. 17v
Annunciation
John of Patmos

f. 17v
John of Patmos
 
Annunciation

ff. 17v-18
Annunciation
Virgin and Child

f. 18
Virgin and Child
Historiated initial

f. 18
Historiated initial
 
Augustus with the Tiburtine Sybil

f. 18
Augustus with the Tiburtine Sybil
Decorated initials

f. 37v
Decorated initials
Dog

f. 38
Dog
 
Decorated initials

f. 42
Decorated initials
Pentecost

f. 49v
Pentecost
God

f. 50
God
 
Coloured initials

f. 57v
Coloured initials
Decorated initial

f. 58
Decorated initial
Heraldry

ff. 58v-59
Heraldry
 
Crucifixion; Resurrection

ff. 68v-69
Crucifixion; Resurrection
Crucifixion

f. 68v
Crucifixion
Resurrection

f. 69
Resurrection
 
Funeral service

ff. 89v-90
Funeral service
Last Judgement

f. 112v
Last Judgement
Illuminated initial

f. 113
Illuminated initial
 
Christ

f. 127v
Christ
Death

f. 128
Death

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