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Detailed record for Harley 2449

Title Prayers for saints' vigils with a calendar
Origin Netherlands, S. (Brussels)
Date c. 1276 - c. 1296
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 6 full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 54v, 78v, 142, 167, 222v, 230v). 1 half- page miniature in colours and gold (f. 19v). 18 large historiated initials in colours and gold (ff. 55, 64, 79, 119, 127, 143, 160, 165, 168, 178, 194, 202, 210, 223, 231, 243, 267, 269), with partial foliate borders inhabited by grotesques and birds. 12 small historiated initials of the labours of the months, and 12 small trefoil shaped medallions of the signs of the zodiac in colours and gold (ff. 1, 2v, 4, 5v, 7, 8v, 10, 11v, 13, 14v, 16, 17v). Initials in colours and gold, most with foliate motifs, a few historiated (e.g., f. 137). Initials with double-headed eagle (e.g., ff. 29, 204, 208v, 236v, 247). Initials with rampant lion (e.g., ff. 110, 217v). Large and small initials in red with blue penwork decoration or pen-flourishing, and in blue with red penwork decoration or pen-flourishing. Capitals in gold. Rubrics in red. Numerals in blue and maroon in the calendar.
Dimensions in mm 130 x 90 (80 x 50)
Official foliation ff. 312 (+ 1 unfoliated paper and 2 parchment flyleaves at the beginning + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Brown leather with gold tooling; gilt edges.
Provenance The Dominican nunnery of Val-Duchesse, Auderghem, near Brussels: written between 1276 and 1296: obits in calendar of the Prioress, 'illustris domina sororis iohanna de Durbuij priorisse sororum vallis ducisse' (f. 7); Gerard de lutsenborch, dominus de durbuij filii ducis limburgye' [son of the duke of Limburg] (f. 6v); and 'illustrissime domina Machildis domina de durbuy' (f. 14v).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Horizontal catchwords.
Miniature curtains, likely of silk, once protected the full-page minitures. These are no longer extant, but the holes and thread, by means of which these were attached, are still visible.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2449.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 8.

Georg Graf Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei: von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verhältnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer), 1907), p. 181.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts, 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 74.

Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London: British Museum, 1967), no. 45.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), p. 335.


Images
* * *
 
Resurrection

f. 19v
Resurrection
Entry into Jerusalem

f. 78v
Entry into Jerusalem
Trinity

f. 79
Trinity
 
Bishop dedicating a church

f. 119
Bishop dedicating a church
Annunciation

f. 127
Annunciation
Crucifixion

f. 142v
Crucifixion
 
Apostles Peter and Paul

f. 143
Apostles Peter and Paul
Dominic disputing with heretics

f. 160
Dominic disputing with heretics
Holy women at the tomb

f. 167v
Holy women at the tomb
 
Zacharias, father of John the Baptist

f. 168
Zacharias, father of John the Baptist
Peter and Paul

f. 178
Peter and Paul
Female saint

f. 210
Female saint
 
Doubting Thomas

f. 222v
Doubting Thomas
Assumption of the Virgin

f. 223
Assumption of the Virgin
Dormition of the Virgin

f. 230v
Dormition of the Virgin
 
Bartholomew

f. 231
Bartholomew

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