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Detailed record for Additional 30851

Title Psalter, with accompanying prayers and antiphons, beginning imperfectly
Origin Spain, N (Silos)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Visigothic minuscule
Decoration Large initials in red, blue, and yellow with penwork or interlace decoration, some with animal heads (e.g., f. 118v). Small initials in red, some with highlighting in yellow and/or blue.
Dimensions in mm 390 x 300 (290 x 200) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 206 (ff. 203-206 are paper leaves attached with a list of contents + 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning + 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf and 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the end).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather over thick wooden boards.
Provenance Abbot Nuño, abbot of the Benedictine monastery of San Sebastián de Silos (later named Santo Domingo de Silos) perhaps one of the manuscripts inherited by him from Don Sancho de Tabladillo in the mid-eleventh century, listed as 'liber imnorum' in a charter of 1067, inserted in an 11th-century Liber Comicus (Paris BnF, n.a.l. 2171, f. 26v) (see Boylan, 'Library at Santo Domingo de Silos' (1992), p. 61 and Vivancos Gomez Glosas y notas marginales (1996), pp. 35-36).
The Benedictine monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos, glossed in the mid-12th century in Carolingian script, mostly in Latin but with a small number of glosses in Old Spanish (ff. 33r, 138v, 155v); in the catalogue of the 13th century (now Paris, BnF, n.a.l. 2169, f. 16v) and with marginal notes in Spanish in hands of the 13th century, 'Sennor Santco Domingo' (f. 90v) and 14th century (upside down), 'Sant Sebastian fue un cavallero muy gentil e honrrado, amado de Dios e por eso es llamado cavallero' (f. 145v); in the catalogue of 1772 by the librarian, Gregorio Hernandez and kept in cupboard 14: marked 'Cajon 14' (f. 1r) (see Boylan, 'Library at Santo Domingo de Silos' (1992)).
Rodrigo Echevarria y Briones, last Abbot of Silos (1790-1875) hid some of the books in the neighbouring villages and kept some with his personal archive after the dissolution of the monastery in 1835, when the archives were transferred to the provincial library at Burgos, according to Férotin, (Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)).
The Benedictine abbey of San Martin de Madrid, a dependency of Silos, the personal archive of Echevarria was entrusted to them on his death in 1875 (see Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)). In 1877, 69 manuscripts and incunabula including the present manuscript were sold to a Madrid bookseller for 16000 pesetas (see Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination' (1990), pp. 27-29).
Bachelin-Deflorenne, booksellers of Paris, in their sale of 55 manuscripts from the library at Silos on 1 June, 1878, lot 19.
Bernard Quaritch, London booksellers, bought by them from Bachelin-Deflorenne with 13 other Silos manuscripts; purchased by the British Museum, 15 June 1878 (a note on f. [i]).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Musical notation, with Visigothic neumes.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1876-1881 (London: British Museum, 1882), pp. 120-21.

Marius Ferotin, Hist. de l'abbaye de Silos, 1897, p. 276.

The Mozarabic Psalter (MS. British Museum, Add. 30851), ed. by J. P. Gilson, Henry Bradshaw Society, 30 (London: Harrison and Sons, 1905). [edition of the manuscript]

F. Cabrol, H. Leclerq, M. Ferotin, Monumenta Ecclesiae Liturgica, 6 Le Liber Mozarabicus Sacramentorum et les Manuscrits Mozarabes (Paris, 1912), pp. 870-80.

G. L. Micheli, L’enluminure du haut moyen age et les influences irlandaises (Brussels: Editions de la connaissance, 1939), p. 191.

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin 21 (1939), 313-74 (p. 368 n. 197).

E. Dekkers and E. Gaar, 'Clavis Patrum Latinorum', in Sacris Eruderi: Jaerboek voor Godsdienstwetenschaffen, 3 (Steenbrugge, 1951), nos 1946, 2017.


François Avril and others, Manuscrits enluminés de la péninsule ibérique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1982), p. 27.

Bonifatius Fischer, Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina, 11 (Freiburg: Herder, 1985), p. 413.

Miguel C. Vivancos Go´mez, El Scriptorium Silense y los Origines de la Lengua Castellana (Junta de Castilla y León, 1995), pp. ixxx, (2), (3) [exhibition catalogue].

Hispania Vetus: Musical-Liturgical Manuscripts from Visigothic Origins to the Franco-Roman Transition (9th-12th Centuries), ed by. Susana Zapke (Bilbao: BBVA Foundation, 2007), pp. 198, 272, pl. on p. 273 [with additional bibliography].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 72, fig. 59.


Images
* * *
 
Interlace initial

f. 70
Interlace initial
Interlace initial

f. 105
Interlace initial
Interlace initial

f. 111
Interlace initial
 
Two interlace initials

f. 111v
Two interlace initials
Initials

f. 118v
Initials
Initial with horses' heads

f. 162v
Initial with horses' heads
 

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