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Detailed record for Additional 22493

Title Apocalypse, fragment with commentary by Berengaudus
Origin France, N.E. (Lorraine: Metz or Verdun)
Date 4th quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 8 half-page framed miniatures in colours with gold on gold or diapered grounds. Initials, two to a page, in gold on rose and blue grounds with decoration.
Dimensions in mm 240 x 180 (200 x 135) in two columns
Official foliation ff. 4 (+ 8 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 12 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Marbled with brown leather spine and corners.
Provenance Bought by the British Museum from Messrs Boone, London booksellers, 24 July, 1858.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at
Contains Revelation, 5: 6-14, 6:1-8 and 19: 11-17,
One of the two earliest Lorraine Apocalypses, according to Morgan, French Interpretations (2000).
A paired manuscript with the Burckhardt-Wildt fragments: see Two East Anglian Picture Books : A Facsimile of the Helmingham Herbal and Bestiary and Bodleian Ms. Ashmole 1504, ed. by Nicholas Barker (London: The Roxburghe Club, 1988), p. 5.
The illumination in Walters Art Gallery, MS W. 127, a missal associated with the Premonstratensian order in the Diocese of Toul (in present-day Lorraine, France), is stylistically similar to the present manuscript and the Burckhardt-Wildt fragments.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1854-1860 (London: British Museum, 1875), p. 651

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 9,

Leopold Delisle and Paul Meyer, L'Apocalypse en français au XIIIe siècle (Bibl. Nat. Fr. 403) (Paris: Firmin Didot, 1901), no. 51.

Georg Graf Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verhältnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer, 1907)

Montague Rhodes James, The Apocalypse in Art, The Schweich Lectures of the British Academy, 1927 (London: British Academy, 1931), no. 51.

Richard Kenneth Emmerson and Suzanne Lewis, 'Census and Bibliography of Medieval Manuscripts containing Apocalypse Illustrations, ca. 800-1500 II', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 41 (1985), 367-409, no. 66.

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), I: France, 875-1420, no. 127.

The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. by Frances Carey (London: British Museum, 1999), p. 82. [exhibition catalogue].

Nigel Morgan, ‘French Interpretations of English Apocalpyses’, in England and the Continent in the Middle Ages: Studies in Memory of Andrew Martindale, Proceedings of the 1996 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by John Mitchell and Matthew Moran, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 8 (Stamford: Shaun Tyas, 2000), pp. 137-156 (pp. 140-41, 144, pl. 7).

Nigel J. Morgan, ‘The Bohun Apocalypse’, in Tributes to Lucy Freeman Sandler: Studies in Illuminated Manuscripts, ed. by Kathryn A. Smith and Carol H. Krinsky (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 91-110 (p. 95).

Nigel J. Morgan, ‘History and context of illustrated Apocalypses’, in Apocalipsis Yates Thompson (MS. 10) (London: British Library, 2010), 11-22 (p. 20).

* * *
The Red  Horse

f, 1
The Red Horse
The  White Horse

f. 1v
The White Horse
The Lamb receives the Book

f. 2
The Lamb receives the Book
Worship of the Lamb

f. 2v
Worship of the Lamb
The Black Horse

f. 3
The Black Horse
The Pale Horse

f. 3v
The Pale Horse
The birds summoned

f. 4v
The birds summoned

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