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Detailed record for Additional 20787

Title The Law Code of King Alfonso X ('el Sabio'), Primera Partida
Origin Spain (Castile or Leon)
Date 4th quarter of the 13th century
Language Spanish (Castilian)
Script Gothic
Artists Decorated in the same workshop as the Cantigas de Santa María: El Escorial, Biblioteca del Monasterio,ms escurialense T-I-1, 'Codice Rico' (see Bonet, Primera Partida (1975), pp. XX-XXI).
Decoration 20 miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 1, 1v, 54, 60v, 62v, 75, 79v, 80v, 82v, 86v, 89, 92v, 96v, 101v, 104v, 105v, 106v, 112v, 114, 117v). 7 historiated initials in colours and gold, some with pen-flourishing in red and blue, some with blue and rose frames (ff. 1, 1v, 3, 3v, 4, 16v, 37). Large initials in red or blue with red and blue pen-flourishing. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 360 x 240 (150 x 220), in two columns
Official foliation ff. 120 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. French 19th century red morocco with gold tooling and Rothesay heraldic stamp in the centre.
Provenance Alfonso X, King of Castile and Leon, (reigned 1252-1284), probably produced in his royal scriptorium, according to Herriott, 'A Thirteenth Century Manuscript' (1938).

Juan Hapo', inscribed in t a ?15th-century hand with notes and pen-trials in Spanish and Latin on a front flyleaf (f[ii]).

The Bishop of Cuenca, perhaps owned by him: the inscription, 'episcopus Con[c]hen[sis] D. R.' and 'Vester D. conchen[sis]' in a ?16th-century hand (f. [ii]).

Charles Stuart, Baron Stuart de Rothesay (b. 1779, d. 1845), diplomat and collector, his heraldic stamp on the binding and in his sale, Sotheby's, May 1855, lot 241(a note on f. [ii]); bought by the British Museum.
Notes The earliest known copy of the first part (Parimera Partida) of Alfonso's code, and the only illuminated text.
The code is in seven parts, 'Las Siete Partidas', each divided into titles and then into laws.
Catchwords and maniculae.
Select bibliography Pascual de Gayangos, Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Spanish Language in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1875-1893, repr. 1976), II, p. 36.

J. Homer Herriott, 'A Thirteenth Century Manuscript of the Primera partida', Speculum 13 (1938), 278-94 (pp. 286-94).

Juan Antonio Arias Bonet, Alfonso X el Sabio: Primera Partida según el manuscrito Add. 20.787 del British Museum (Valladolid: Universidad de Valladolid, 1975), [an edition of this manuscript].

Antonio Garcia y Garcia, 'Tradicion manuscrita de las Siete Partida', in Espana y Europa, un pasado juridico comun, ed by Antonio Perez Martin, Actas del I Simposio Interncional del Derecho Comun, Murcia, 26-28 March 1985 (Murcia: Publicaciones del Instituo de Derecho Comun, Universidad de Murcia, 1986), 655-99 (no. 60, p. 686).

Mariana, M Sánchez, 'El Libro en la Baja Edad Media. Reino de Castilla', Biblioteca del Libro, 54 (1993), p. 195.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 73.

Jerry R. Craddock, The Legislative Works of Alfonso X, el Sabio: a critical bibliography (London: Grant & Cutler, 1986), p. 47, Ah41.

Las Siete Partidas, trans. By Samuel Parsons Scott, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2001), [a translation of the text].

Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pls 38, 39.

'Bibliografía Española de Textos Antiguos' (Philobiblon bibliographical database), MS 1112, online at http://pb.lib.berkeley.edu/xtf/servlet/org.cdlib.xtf.dynaXML.DynaXML?source=/BETA/Display/1112BETA.MsEd.xml&style=MsEd.xsl&gobk=http%3A%2F%2Fpb.lib.berkeley.edu%2Fxtf%2Fservlet%2Forg.cdlib.xtf.crossQuery.CrossQuery%3Frmode%3Dphilo%26everyone%3D20787%26city%3D%20%26library%3D%26shelfmark%3D%26subject%3D%26text-join%3Dor%26browseout%3Dlibrary%26sort%3Dcity [accessed 22.02.2017].

Alberto J. Canto Garcia et al, Alfonso el Sabio (Murcia: Novograf, 2009), pp. 222, 502-04 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
King Alfonso and his subjects

1
King Alfonso and his subjects
The king dictates to his scribes and presents the book to God

1v
The king dictates to his scribes and presents the book to God
God and Christ

f. 3
God and Christ
 
Articles of Faith

f. 3v
Articles of Faith
Sacrament of Baptism

f. 4
Sacrament of Baptism
The Pope and bishops are honoured

f. 16v
The Pope and bishops are honoured
 
A bishop performing an exorcism

f. 37
A bishop performing an exorcism
The Pope and kneeling monks

f. 54
The Pope and kneeling monks
Clerics keeping their vows

f. 60v
Clerics keeping their vows
 
Clerics making and keeping  vows

f. 60v
Clerics making and keeping vows
Excommunication ceremony

f. 62v
Excommunication ceremony
Excommunication ceremony

f. 62v
Excommunication ceremony
 
Text page

74v
Text page
Building a church

f. 75
Building a church
Text page

79
Text page
 
The king and bishops

f. 79v
The king and bishops
The king instructing monks and friars

f. 80v
The king instructing monks and friars
Burial

f. 82v
Burial
 
Things of the church that should not be alienated

86v
Things of the church that should not be alienated
The right of patronage

89
The right of patronage
Bishop and clergy with gifts

f. 92v
Bishop and clergy with gifts
 
Simony

f. 96v
Simony
Knights desecrating a church

f. 101v
Knights desecrating a church
Giving the first fruits to God

104v
Giving the first fruits to God
 
Offerings

f. 105v
Offerings
Tithing

f. 106v
Tithing
Clergy receiving payment

f. 112v
Clergy receiving payment
 
Contributions by churches

f. 114
Contributions by churches
A feast day mass

f. 117v
A feast day mass

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