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Detailed record for Additional 15749

Author Anselm; Augustine; Bernard of Clairvaux
Title Prayers and Meditations; the Psalter of the Virgin
Origin England, Central (Oxford?)
Date between 1250 and 1255
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists By the same group of artists as Royal MS 12 D XIV (Morgan, Early Gothic, 1988).
Decoration Historiated initials in colours on gold grounds, some with zoomorphic decoration (ff. 4 (x2), 5, 8v, 9, 10, 13, 15v, 17, 19, 21, 21v, 23, 28, 28v, 29, 30, 30v, 42, 46v . An initial 'I' with a long extension with foliate and zoomorphic decoration in colours with gold (f. 34v). A small initial with a hybrid in colours on a gold ground (f. 32v). A large puzzle initial with pen-flourishing in red and blue (f. 36). Initials in blue with pen-flourishing in red. Alternating initials in blue or red with pen-flourishing in the other colour at the beginning of each line in the Psalter of the Virgin (ff. 42-46) and a the alphabetical list (ff. 58-73v). Paraphs in red or blue and rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 230 x 155 (160 x 100) written in two columns
Official foliation ff. 74 (ff. 1,2 are paper flyleaves, f. 74 is a parchment flyleaf + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather with gold tooling and marbled endpapers.
Provenance Formerly part of the same volume as the Preston Psalter, Preston, Harris Museum, MS sn (see Morgan, Early Gothic', 1988).
Ralph Palmer II (b. 1668, d. 1745/6), barrister, of Little Chelsea.
Ralph Palmer III (b. 1712, d. 1755), barrister, of Little Chelsea: his inscription: ‘Bibliotheca Palmeriana, / Londini, 1747’ on f. 1.
Ralph Verney (b. 1714, d. 1791), second Earl Verney, politician, Palmer’s cousin (his armorial bookplate on the inside upper binding).
Bought by the British Museum at Sotheby's, 3 April 1846, lot 375.
Notes Contents include Augustine, De igne purgatorio. (On the Fires of Purgatory) and De conflictu vitiorum atque virtutum (On the Vices and Virtues); an alphabetical text on the Properties of words in the Holy Scriptures.
A 'Throne of Grace' or 'Gnadenstuhl' representation of the Trinity (f. 30)
Perhaps the earliest representation of Purgatory in a manuscript is on f. 34v (see Morgan, Early Gothic', 1988).
Notes in the margins in a contemporary hand or in a hand of the 14th century.
Select bibliography The British Museum Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts, 1846-1847 (London: British Museum, 1864), p. 22.

Henri Barre, Prie`res anciennes de l'Occident a` la Me`re du Sauveur (Paris, 1963), p. 181, n. 3.

Nigel Morgan, Early Gothic Manuscripts, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 4 (London Harvey Miller, 1982-1988), II: 1250-1285, no. 141.

Adelaide Bennett, 'A Book Designed for a Noblewoman, in Medieval Book Production: Assessing the Evidence, ed. by Linda l. Brownrigg, Proceedings of the Second Conference of The Seminar in the History of the Book to 1500, Oxford, July 1988 (Los Altos Hills, California: Anderson-Lovelace, 1990), pp 1163-81 (p. 18).

Nigel Morgan, ‘Patrons and their Devotions in the Historiated Initials and Full-Page Miniatures of 13th-Century English Psalters’, in The Illuminated Psalter: Studies in the Content, Purpose and Placement of its Images, ed. by F. O. Büttner, (Belgium: Brepols, 2004), pp. 309-22 (pp. 311-12).

Alexa Sand, Vision, devotion, and self-representation in late medieval art (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014), pp. 124-29.


Images
* * *
 
Anselm

f. 4
Anselm
Kneeling cleric

f. 4
Kneeling cleric
A woman kneeling before the Virgin and Child

f. 5
A woman kneeling before the Virgin and Child
 
A man kneeling before the Virgin and Child

f. 42
A man kneeling before the Virgin and Child

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