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Detailed record for Additional 61887

Title Calendar from a Book of Hours, Use of Sarum ('The Hungerford Hours')
Origin England, E. (?Lincoln or Ely)
Date Between 1330 and 1340
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 24 roundels with representations of the labours of the month and the signs of the Zodiac in colours with gold. Framed initials with foliate partial borders in colours with gold. Calendar entries in gold, blue, red or brown.
Dimensions in mm 175 x 105
Official foliation ff. ii + 6 (ff. i and ii are the recto and verso of a piece of modern green cardboard kept with the manuscript)
Form 6 parchment folios
Binding Loose parchment folios mounted in boards
Provenance The diocese of Lincoln or Ely: entries in the calendar (Additional 61887) for St Guthlac on 11 April, marked 'festive in holandia' (Holland near Croyland, in the Lincoln diocese) (f. 2v) and Hugh, Bishop of Lincoln (b. 1135, d. 1200) (f. 6).
?Sir John Pattishall (b. c. 1293, d. 1349): the Pattishall (?) coat of arms and a miniature with kneeling figures identified as the early owners on 2 leaves from the same manuscript now held in a private collection (see Michael, 'Destruction, Reconstruction and Invention' (1990), p. 39 plate 5, and p. 101 n. 10).
?Alice Pattishall (b. c. 1330, d. 1398), wife of Sir Thomas Wake of Blisworth (b. c. 1319, d. 1383): perhaps inherited from her father, Sir John Pattishall.
?Sir Philip Courtenay (b. c. 1400, d. 1463), great-grandson of Alice Pattishall and Sir Thomas Wake: perhaps inherited by him, and his wife Elizabeth Hungerford (b. c. 1400, d. 1476), sister of Robert Hungerford (b. c. 1400, d. 1459).
Robert Hungerford, 2nd Baron Hungerford (b. c. 1400, d. 1459) and his wife Margaret Botreaux (d. 1478): obits added to the calendar in the 15th century (Additional 61887, ff. 1v, 3).
Alan Thomas, writer and bookseller of Bournemouth (b. 1911, d. 1992): his catalogue no. 25, October 1970, item no. 18a; purchased by June O'Donnell (see Backhouse, 'An English Calendar' (1981), p. 8).
Mrs June O'Donnell of Guildford (d. 1979): her note on f. i of Additional MS 61887.
Alan Thomas, writer and bookseller of Bournemouth (b. 1911, d. 1992): bought back by him and sold to the British Library, November 1980.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Janet Backhouse An English Calendar (1981) connects the style of the Hungerford Calendar to the miniatures of the Walter of Milemete treatises (Christ Church, Oxford, and BL Additional 47680) of c.1326-1327. M. A. Michael associates the style of the roundels with those found in the Schloss Herdringen Psalter (Schloss Herdringen, Fürstenburgische Bibliothek MS 8), see 'Destruction, Reconstruction and Invention' (1990).
These are leaves from one of a small number of English Books of Hours to have survived from the thirteenth and early fourteenth centuries.
The British Library holds two other leaves from the original Book of Hours: Additional 62106 (a leaf from None in the Hours of the Virgin) and Additional 72707 (a leaf from the Litany).
For further identified leaves from the Hungerford Hours, see Appendix 1 in Michael, 'Destruction, Reconstruction and Invention' (1990), pp. 94-96. More recent sales catalogues featuring leaves from the manuscript include: Sotheby’s Catalogue of Western Manuscripts and Miniatures, 7 December 1992, lot 8 (five leaves), and 5 December 1994, lot 5 (see Zeileis, Piu ridon le carte: Buchmalerei aus Mittelalter und Renaissance (2004), no. 144); Maggs, European Bulletin, 19 (1994), no. 48; Reiss & Sohn, Königstein im Taunus, 27 October 2009, lots 834 and 835; and Quaritch Catalogue 1396: Medieval Manuscripts (2010), no. 12 (Stanford, Stanford University Library M1769). In addition, there is a leaf held by the Lilly Library, Indiana University (see de Hamel, Gilding the Lilly (2010), no. 44).
Select bibliography Janet Backhouse, 'An English Calendar circa 1330', in Fine Books and Book Collecting: Books and Manuscripts Acquired from Alan G. Thomas and Described by his Customers on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday, ed. by Christopher de Hamel and Richard. A. Linenthal (Leamington Spa: James Hall, 1981), pp. 8-10.

M. A. Michael, 'Destruction, Reconstruction, and Invention: The Hungerford Hours and English Manuscript Illumination in the Early Fourteenth Century', English Manuscript Studies 1100-1700, Volume 2, ed. by P. Beal and J. Griffiths (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990), pp. 33-108.

Maggs Bros Ltd, European Bulletin, 19 (1994), no. 48 (p. 34).

The British Library Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts, New Series 1976-1980, 2 vols (London: The British Library, 1995), I, p. 305.

Ruth Dean and Maureen Bolton, Anglo-Norman Literature, A Guide to Texts and Manuscripts (London: Anglo-Norman Text Society, 1999), no. 986.

Christopher de Hamel, Gilding the Lilly: A Hundred Medieval and Illuminated Manuscripts in the Lilly Library (Bloomington, IN: Lilly Library 2010), p. 97.


Images
* * *
 
Calendar page for January

f. 1
Calendar page for January
Calendar page for February

f. 1v
Calendar page for February
Calendar page for March

f. 2
Calendar page for March
 
Calendar page for April

f. 2v
Calendar page for April
Calendar page for May

f. 3
Calendar page for May
Calendar page for June

f. 3v
Calendar page for June
 
Calendar page for July

f. 4
Calendar page for July
Calendar page for August

f. 4v
Calendar page for August
Calendar page for September

f. 5
Calendar page for September
 
Calendar page for October

f. 5v
Calendar page for October
Calendar page for November

f. 6
Calendar page for November
Calendar page for December

f. 6v
Calendar page for December
 

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