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Detailed record for Additional 70000

Title Psalter, York Use with Canticles, imperfect (the 'Percy Psalter')
Origin England, N. (Diocese of York)
Date 4th quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 8 large historiated initials in colours and gold (ff. 16, 39v, 55, 65, 66, 97, 113v, 115v) with full borders incorporating hunting scenes, hybrid creatures and birds. Calendar with 24 miniatures of the labours of the months and zodiac signs, and with full borders in colours and gold incorporating hybrid creatures (ff. 2v-14). Framed initials, in blue or rose on gold grounds, some containing hybrid creatures and with partial borders. Initials in gold with blue penwork decoration, or in blue with red penwork decoration. Line-fillers in gold, red, and/or blue.
Dimensions in mm 175 x 120 (110 x 75)
Official foliation ff. iv + 168 (f. i is a paste-down, ff. ii-iii are paper flyleaves at the beginning and f. iv is a paper flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather with gold tooling.
Provenance Written and illuminated in the north of England for the diocese of York: the calendar includes Wilfred, William, Cuthbert, John of Beverly, and the York Feast of Relics (see Sandler, Gothic (1986)).
The original owners are portrayed on the Beatus page (f. 16), accompanied by shields of arms which have been interpreted as relating to the Percy family (see Christie's sale catalogue 28 June 1972, lot 18). The charges of Or a lion rampant sable impaling or five fusils conjoined in fess azure seem more accurately identifiable as those of Pennington, Mowbray (?) and the Earls of Lincoln, but a suitable marriage alliance has not so far been traced.
ff. 1-2 are added text in a 14th-century hand.
In the calendar, notes of births and deaths in a family named Downes, 16th century.
John Doharty the Younger, surveyor, of Worcester, owned by him in 1760: added personal notes and sketches in the margins throughout the manuscript; inscribed 'John Doharty F. M. DLL' (f. 85), 'O Lord have Mercy upon me according to thy Word' (f. 87v), 'Jachin Boazthese 2 Words cont: establishe'd in Strength (f. 93v); 'All the Mystery of Great Secret of Free Masonary, being ther key Words to y' (f. 94); 'John Doharty made a F. M. at a Lodge at the City of Durham in Smallstre LLD at Lovain Unversity Honourary' (ff. 97v-98).
The Darell family of Calehill, Kent: on ff. ii verso and iii are notes of ownership by members of the family, one dated 1838.
Clark Stillman, New York: address label 'E C Stillman, 24 Gramercy Pk, New York N Y 10003' (f. i).
Purchased by the British Library with the aid of a grant from the National Art- Collections Fund, 1990.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Originally the first section of a Psalter-Hours, divided in the 18th century; the Hours, of York Use, is in an English private collection: see Kidd Illuminated Manuscripts (1999).
Added prayers on ff. 1-2, 131v-132v.
Psalm 68 and 109 are lost.
Select bibliography Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, 2 vols, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5 (London: Harvey Miller, 1986), I, no. 11a. [when in the collection of Clark Stillman; with additional bibliography].

Janet Backhouse, 'A Psalter from the Diocese of York', The Art Quarterly of the National Art Collections Fund, 4 (1990), 24-29.

Peter Kidd, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Sam Fogg, 1999), no. 8 [sale catalogue].

The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 210-11, 213 n. 7 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 122, fig. 109.

Richard W. Pfaff, The liturgy in medieval England: a history (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009), p. 448, n.


Images
* * *
 
October

f. 11v
October
Tree of Jesse

f. 16
Tree of Jesse
King David

f. 39v
King David
 
Psalm 38, a unicorn

f. 55
Psalm 38, a unicorn
Justice; hunting a beaver

f. 65
Justice; hunting a beaver
Text page

f. 89
Text page
 
Monks singing

f. 113v
Monks singing
Text page

f. 119v
Text page
Text page

f. 120
Text page
 

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