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Detailed record for Stowe 22

Title Book of Hours, Use of Sarum
Origin Netherlands, S.
Date 3rd quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 13 large miniatures with full foliate borders, facing large decorated initials with full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 24v, 26v, 29v, 31v, 34v, 41v, 52v, 58v, 65v, 88v, 104v, 125v, 142v); 12 large miniatures missing before large decorated initials with full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 13, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 28, 33, 56, 61, 63, 137). 15 small miniatures, in colours and gold, for minor text divisions (ff. 47v, 48, 49, 49v, 69v, 73v, 77, 80 (x2), 80v (x2), 81 (x2), 81v (x2)); one cut out on f. 48. Small initials (2 lines) in gold on red and blue grounds. Small initials (1 line) in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in red, blue and gold. Executed for the English book-market.
Dimensions in mm 190 x 120 (120 x 70)
Official foliation ff. 154 (+ 1 paper flyleaf at the beginning, and 1 parchment and 2 paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather.
Provenance Perhaps made for a woman: the devotions in the feminine form.
The name of Thomas of Canterbury has been erased throughout, and the suffrage to Thomas and rubrics referring to promises of indulgences have been obliterated with ink (ff. 49v, 77, 86v) although the miniature with the Martyrdom of Thomas is present (f. 24v).
Andrew Coltee Ducarel (b. 1713, d. 1785), Librarian at Lambeth Palace: book-plate of arms with his name (inside upper and lower cover); he probably inscribed: 'cost me £ 2. 12. l.' (f. [i]).
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham: inscribed with the press-mark 'Press 3 no.16' (f. 1), corresponding to his catalogue (O'Conor 1818-1819).
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos; sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes A table of contents has been added at the end in a late hand (f. 154).
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), II, 12-13.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 22.

Nicolas Rogers, ‘Patrons and Purchasers: Evidence for the Original Owners of Books of Hours Produced in the Low Countries for the English Market’ in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1165-1181 (p. 1177 n. 74).

Henry VIII: Man and Monarch, ed. by Susan Doran (London: British Library, 2009), no. 203 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Martyrdom of Becket

f. 24v
Martyrdom of Becket
Illuminated initial

f. 25
Illuminated initial
Catherine

f. 29v
Catherine
 
Christ carrying the Cross

f. 58v
Christ carrying the Cross
Raising of Lazarus

f. 104v
Raising of Lazarus

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