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Detailed record for Additional 30853

ff. 2-308 
Title Homiliary ('Toledo Homiliary') with Latin glosses
 
ff. 309-324 
Title Penitential with glosses in Latin and early Castilian Spanish: the Silos Glosses ('Gloses Silenses')
 
Origin Spain, N. (Silos)
Date 4th quarter of the 10th century or 1st quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Visigothic Minuscule
Artists Petrus
Decoration Three large initials with decoration in colours (ff. 167v, 261v, 267v). Initials with human figures (ff. 44v, 112v, 273), zoomorphic decoration including a horse and a dog being bitten by a snake on the nose (ff. 8v, 17v), or foliate and interlace decoration in red or colours at the beginning of each homily or sermon.
Dimensions in mm 280 x 190 (210 x 140)
Official foliation ff. 324 (+ 4 unfoliated paper and 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Collation 41 quires of 8 folios with some folios lacking (see Gomez (1996), p. 163).
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1967
Provenance The Benedictine monastery of Santo Domingo de Silos, copied in the scriptorium of the abbey from a manuscript belonging to the Monastery of San Millán (see Ruiz Asencio, 'Codices Pirenaicos y Riojanas' (2003), p. 192); names of saints most venerated at Silos, added in a 12th-century hand (f. 309v); kept in cupboard no 7: inscribed 'Caj 7' on f. 2; in the 13th-century book list inserted in Paris BNF nouv. Acq. lat. 2169, f. 16v (Boylan, 'Library at Santo Domingo de Silos' (1992) p. 81, nos 16 and 28); with a table of contents(ff. 1r-v) and in the catalogue compiled by the librarian of Silos, Gregorio Hernandez in 1772 (Boylan, p. 92, no. 15).
Rodrigo Echevarria y Briones, last Abbot of Silos (1790-1875) hid some of the books in the neighbouring villages and kept some with his personal archive after the dissolution of the monastery in 1835, when the archives were transferred to the provincial library at Burgos, according to Férotin, (Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)).
The Benedictine abbey of San Martin de Madrid, a dependency of Silos, the personal archive of Echevarria was entrusted to them on his death in 1875 (see Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye (1897)). In 1877, 69 manuscripts and incunabula including the present manuscript were sold to a Madrid bookseller for 16000 pesetas (see Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination' ( 1990), pp. 27-29).
Bachelin-Deflorenne, booksellers of Paris, in their sale of 55 manuscripts from the library at Silos on 1 June, 1878, lot 25.
Bernard Quaritch, London booksellers, bought by them for 500 francs; purchased from Quaritch by the British Museum, 15 June 1878 (a note on f. [vi]).
Notes ff. 231-232v: A letter purporting to be from Jesus Christ to Pedro, perhaps Bishop of Nimes 1080-1090.
Musical notation added in the 12th century (ff. 175v, 222v and 261).
Names of four saints most-venerated at Silos, added in a 12th-century hand: 'Dominicus beatus, beatus Sebastianus, beata Maria, sanctus Martinus'.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1876-1881 (London: British Museum, 1882), p. 121.

Liber Comicus, sive Lectionarius Missæ, quo Toletana Ecclesia ante annos mille et ducentos utebatur, ed. by D. Germanus Morin, Anecdota Maredsolana, 1 (Maresdous,1893), pp. 406-52.

Meyer Schapiro, 'From Mozarabic to Romanesque in Silo', Art Bulletin, 21 (1939), 313-74 (p. 344 n. 109).

D. J. Martial Blesse, 'Histoire d'un dépot littéraire', Revue Bénédictine, 4 (1897), 210-25.

D. Marius Férotin, Histoire de l'Abbaye de Silos (Paris: Ernest Leroux, 1897), pp. 258, 271.

Manuel C. Diaz y Diaz, Index scriptorum latinorum medii aevi Hispanorum (Madrid: Salmanticae, 1958-1959), nos. 323, 324, 327, 535.

François Avril and others, Manuscrits enluminés de la péninsule ibérique (Paris: Bibliothèque nationale, 1982), p. 23.

Manuel C. Diaz y Diaz, Codices visigoticos en la monarquia leonesa (Leon: Centro de Estudios e Investigacion San Isidoro C.S.I.C., 1983), pp. 274, 317, 405.

Ann Boylan, 'Manuscript illumination at Santo Domingo de Silos (Xth to XIIth Centuries)', (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Pittsburgh, 1990), pp. 252-57.

Ann Boylan, 'The Library at Santo Domingo de Silos and its catalogues (XIth-XVIIIth Centuries)', Revue Mabillon, nouvelle série, 3 (1992), 59-102, (pp. 81, 92).

Miguel C. Vivancos Go´mez, Glosas y notas marginales de los manuscritos visigo´ticos del Monasterio de Santo Domingo de Silos, Studia Silensia, 19 (Silos: Abadia de Santo Domingo, 1995), pp. 55, 163-84.

Miguel C. Vivancos Go´mez, El Scriptorium Silense y los Origines de la Lengua Castellana (Junta de Castilla y León, 1995), pp. xxx, (4), (5) [exhibition catalogue].

Rose Walker, Views of Transition: Liturgy and Illumination in Medieval Spain, (London: British Library, 1998), p. 88.

Augustin Millares Carlo, Corpus de códices visigóticos, 2 vols (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria: UNED, 1999), I:Estudio, pp. 88-89, II: Album, no. 117.

José Manuel Ruiz Asencio, 'Codices Pirenaicos y Riojanos en la Biblioteca de Silos en el Siglo XI' in Silos. un Mileno: Actos del Congreso Internacional sobre la Abádia de Santo Domingo de Silos, ed. by José A Fernández Flo´res, 4 vols (Burgos: University of Burgos, 2003), II, pp. 177-210 (pp. 184, 191-93).

Soledad de Silva y Verastegui, 'La miniatura en los códices de Silos' in Silos. un Mileno: Actos del Congreso Internacional sobre la Abádia de Santo Comingo de Silos, ed. by José A Fernández Flo´res, 4 vols (Burgos: University of Burgos, 2003), IV, Arte, pp. 211-54 (pp. 239-40).

Ann Boylan, 'The Silos Beatus and the Silos Scriptorium, in Church, State, Vellum, and Stone: Essays on Medieval Spain in Honor of John Williams, ed. by Therese Martin and Julie A. Harris, The Medieval and Early Modern Iberian World, 26 (Leiden: Brill, 2005), pp. 173-233 (p. 178).

Joseph B. Solodow, Latin Alive: The Survival of Latin in English and the Romance Languages (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010), pp. 312-19.

Emma Hornby and Rebecca Maloy, Music and Meaning in Old Hispanic Lenten Chants: Psalmi, Threni and the Easter Vigil Canticles (Suffolk: Boydell Press, 2013), pp. 51, 55.


Images

ff. 2-308
Homiliary ('Toledo Homiliary') with Latin glosses
* * *
 
Decorated initial

f. 39
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 167v
Decorated initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 261v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Zoomorphic initial

f. 267v
Zoomorphic initial
Interlace initial

f. 299
Interlace initial

ff. 309-324
Penitential with glosses in Latin and early Castilian Spanish: the Silos Glosses ('Gloses Silenses')
* * *
 
Table of contents

f. 309
Table of contents
Initial and Silos Glosses

f. 311v
Initial and Silos Glosses
Silos Glosses

f. 313v
Silos Glosses
 
Silos Glosses

f. 314
Silos Glosses
Coloured initial and Silos Glosses

f. 315v
Coloured initial and Silos Glosses
Initial and Silos Glosses

f. 319v
Initial and Silos Glosses
 
Decorated initial and Silos Glosses

f. 321v
Decorated initial and Silos Glosses
Text page

f. 324v
Text page

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