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Detailed record for Harley 3736

Author Giovanni Cadamosto
Title Herbal with treatises on food, poisons and remedies, and the properties of stones
Origin Germany
Date Last quarter of the 15th century or 1st half of the 16th century
Language Italian, with some headings in German and Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Decoration Numerous coloured pen drawings of plants arranged in alphabetical order by their Italian names (ff. 1-80). 16 drawings include people, landscapes, and/or architectural elements (ff. 9, 10, 18v, 20, 20v, 26, 30v, 35v, 36v, 40, 50v, 58v, 59, 68, 76, 78 ); 9 include plant roots shaped like human figures or fabulous creatures (ff. 9, 12, 22v, 32v, 33, 38v, 53v, 58, 73).
Dimensions in mm 310 x 220
Official foliation ff. 158 (+ 5 paper flyleaves at the beginning + 4 at the end)
Collation i-x8 (ff. 1-80)
Form Paper codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1964.
Provenance Added texts on food, poisons and remedies, and the properties of stones by Cadamosto, written in a 17th c. hand (ff. 81-158v).
Conrad Peutinger (b. 1465, d. 1547) of Augsburg: the manuscript acquired the title: the 'Peutingerorum Liber Botanicus' (see Catalogue, III, no. 3736; Wright 1972, p. 275).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie (see Wright 1972): sold to Edward Harley on 20 January 1721/22.
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘20 die januarij, A.D. 1721/2’ (f. [v]).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Plants are identified by their Italian names with German and Latin names often written beneath.
For a manuscript containing similar texts and illustrations, see Vienna, B.N., Cod. 5264, written in Venetian dialect in the 15th century (see Hermann 1931).
Watermark, 'tête de boeuf', similar to C. M. Briquet, Les Filigranes: Dictionnaire historique des marques du papier dès leur apparition vers 1282 jusqu'en 1600, A Facsimile of the 1907 edition with supplementary material, ed. by Allan Stevenson, 4 vols (Amsterdam: Paper Publications Society, 1968), no. 15255 (made in Constance 1499).
The manuscript is in 2 parts: the first is an illustrated herbal with commentary by Cadamosto (ff. 1-80), and the second consists of treatises on food, poisons and remedies, and the properties of stones also by Cadamosto, written in a 17th c. hand (ff. 81-158v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), III (1808), no. 3736.

Hermann Julius Hermann, Die Handschriften und Inkunabeln der Italienischen Renaissance: 2. Oberitalien: Venetien (Leipzig: Karl W. Hiersemann, 1931), no. 30, pl. 17, 18.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by C. E. Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 138, n. 8.

C. E. Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 254, 275.

Sergio Toresella, 'Il Codice di Giovanni Cadamosto,' L'Esopo, 27 (1985), 45-64.


Images
* * *
 
Antora, Anedina

f. 9
Antora, Anedina
Ambrosia, Adianto

f. 10
Ambrosia, Adianto
Brionia and Balsamica

f. 12
Brionia and Balsamica
 
Capillo venere and consolida minor

f. 18v
Capillo venere and consolida minor
Charlemagne

f. 20
Charlemagne
Cimballaria and Centriogalli

f. 20v
Cimballaria and Centriogalli
 
Cauda Poirina and Cufrute

f. 22v
Cauda Poirina and Cufrute
Castagnolla and circatha

f. 26
Castagnolla and circatha
Chirci and cressune

f. 30v
Chirci and cressune
 
Cornatella and Crespanita

f. 32v
Cornatella and Crespanita
Dragontea and Diptarno

f. 33
Dragontea and Diptarno
Elleboro Bianco and Epathica

f. 35v
Elleboro Bianco and Epathica
 
Enula, Epirtamo and Esula

f. 36v
Enula, Epirtamo and Esula
Faba innersa and Faba Gata

f. 38v
Faba innersa and Faba Gata
Strawberry and leaves

f. 40
Strawberry and leaves
 
A crossbowman, Lunaria magior, Lactura

f. 50v
A crossbowman, Lunaria magior, Lactura
Marfilia and Malabrancha

f. 53v
Marfilia and Malabrancha
Melitha and Morso serpentis

f. 58
Melitha and Morso serpentis
 
Meirurela and Nenuforca

f. 58v
Meirurela and Nenuforca
Mandrake and Nigella plants, a hunter

f. 59
Mandrake and Nigella plants, a hunter
Plantana

f. 68
Plantana
 
Savina and Saxifragia

f. 73
Savina and Saxifragia
Gathering Truffles and Endivia

f. 76
Gathering Truffles and Endivia
Tribulo Marino and Oruli bonis

f. 78
Tribulo Marino and Oruli bonis
 

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