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Detailed record for Royal 1 C VIII

Part 1 ff. 1-372v 
Title Wycliffite Bible, in the later version
Origin England, S. E. (London?)
Date 1st quarter of the 15th century
Language England
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 miniature of John writing his Gospel, at the beginning of John (f. 325v). Foliate initials in rose and blue on gold grounds, with full or partial borders with foliate, vine, and interlace decoration, at the beginning of some biblical books (ff. 2, 62v, 139, 79, 118v, 139, 147, 158, 167, 300, 309, 315, 325v, 333, 353v, 363v, 367v). 'Champ' initials in gold, blue, and rose, with penwork extensions with flowers and vines, at the beginning of other biblical books. Small initials in blue with red pen-flourishing.
Dimensions in mm 380 x 250 (280 x 185), in two columns
 
Part 2 f. 1-1v 
Author John Purvey
Title Prologue to the Wycliffite Bible, in the later version (imperfect)
Origin England
Date c. 1485-1509
Language English
Script Gothic
Decoration 1 initial in blue on gold ground, with a red rose, and a full border with red and white Tudor roses, acanthus leaves branches, the royal arms of England and the heraldic badge of the Beauforts.
Dimensions in mm 380 x 250 (250 x 170), in two columns
 
Official foliation ff. 372 (+ 1 unfoliated medieval parchment leaf at the end, 2 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves at the beginning and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Fore-edge gauffered in trellis pattern.
Provenance Henry VII (b. 1457, d.1509), king of England and lord of Ireland: his arms (f. 1), with his mother's, Margaret Beaufort's (b. 1443, d.1509) heraldic badge, a portcullis with chains, which became his device.
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number partially erased: 'no...'; included in the list of book at the Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 19.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the prologue by John Purvey, imperfect; the text starts 'Five and twenti bookis', and ends 'descendant in infernum viventes'.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures. Some pointing hands in the margins, sometimes with annotations (e.g., f. 265).
Select bibliography The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments with the Apocryphal Books, in the Earliest English versions made from the Latin Vulgate by John Wycliffe and his Followers, ed. by Josiah Forshall and Frederic Madden, 4 vols (Oxford: University Press, 1850), I, pp. xxxv, xxxvi, xxxvii, xxxix-xl.

E. M. Thompson, Wycliffe Exhibition in the Kingís Library (London: Clowes and Sons, 1884), no. 33.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and Kingís Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), I, p. 15.

Sven L. Fristedt, 'The Dating of the Earliest Manuscript of the Wycliffite Bible', Stockholm Studies in Modern Philology, New Series 1 (1960), 79-85 (pp. 79, 83, 85).

Sven L. Fristedt, The Wycliffe Bible, 2 vols (Stockhom: Almquist & Wiksell, 1953-1969, Part I: The Principal Problems Connected with Forshall and Madden's Edition, Stockholm Studies in English, 4, I, pp. 17, 19, pl. III.

Henry Hargreaves, 'The Vernacular Scriptures: The Wycliffite Versions', in The Cambridge History of the Bible, 2 vols, ed. by G. W. H. Lampe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969), II: The West from the Fathers to the Reformation, pp. 387-415 (p. 388).

Anne F. Sutton and Livia Visser-Fuchs, Richard IIIís Books: Ideals and Reality in the Life and Library of a Medieval Prince (Stroud, Gloucestershire, Sutton, 1997), p. 45 n. 25.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues 7 (London: British Library, 2000), H1.19, pl. 6a.

James P. Carley, The Books of King Henry VIII and His Wives, preface by David Starkey (London: British Library, 2004), pl. 37.

Mary Dove, The First English Bible: The Text and Context of the Wycliffite Versions (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007), pp. 17, 44, 88, 91, 96, 106, 120, 127, 141, 149, 150, 155, 156, 165, 183, 186, 187, 199, 210, 217, 218, 219, 220, 221, 248-49, 250, 265, 266, fig. 6.

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 38.

Kathleen L. Scott, 'Manuscripts for Henry VII, his Household and Family', in The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 279-86 (p. 282).


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-372v
Wycliffite Bible, in the later version
* * *
 
Decorated initial with border

f. 2
Decorated initial with border
Pen-flourished initial

f. 58
Pen-flourished initial
Pen-flourished initials

f. 92
Pen-flourished initials
 
Decorated initial

f. 154
Decorated initial
Foliate initial

f. 300
Foliate initial

Part  2   f. 1-1v
John Purvey Prologue to the Wycliffite Bible, in the later version (imperfect)
* * *
 
Decorated initial with full border and royal arms

f. 1
Decorated initial with full border and royal arms

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