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Detailed record for Harley 2805

Title Bible, the first half of a pandect containing most of the Old Testament (Genesis to Psalm 142)
Origin France, Central (Tours)
Date 1st half of the 9th century, in two columns
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Sketch of an animal in brown ink (upper margin f. 27). Large initial in brown 'E'(t) at the beginning of Joshua (f. 75v). Capitals in red (now oxidised), some in blue. Incipits and explicits in red. Chapters marked in red, paraphs in red.
Dimensions in mm 525 x 365 (380 x 275),
Official foliation ff. 1* + 1** + 237 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment and paper codex
Binding BM/BL in-house; marbled endpapers.
Provenance Added folio (12th century) with a large initial in blue (f. 21).
12 paper folios added in the 15th century with large initials, paraphs and rubrics in red. (ff. 1-3, 6, 8, 36, 114, 118, 233, 235-37).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts.
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Note on f. [iii]: 'According to a letter of Dom. P. Alban Dold, dated 15 April 1930, four leaves from this manuscript in the possession of Dom. Donatien De Bruyne were taken from bindings of 17th century documents belonging to the Benedictine nunnery of Buchau in Wurtemberg'.
Notes ff. 1* and 1** are paper folios onto which fragments of parchment leaves, inscribed with text, have been pasted.
Running headers.
Horizontal catchwords.
Alcuin's revision.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II, no. 2805.

Deutsche Handschriften in England, ed. by Robert Priebsch, 2 vols in 1 vol (Hildesheim: Olms, 1979, first publ. Erlangen: Junge, 1896-1901), II: Das British Museum mit einem anhang über die Guildhall-Bibliothek, no. 18.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiter Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 57).

Edward Kennard Rand, A Survey of the Manuscripts of Tours, Studies in the Script of Tours, 1, 2 vols (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Mediaeval Academy of America, 1929), I, no. 49.

Die Karolingischen Miniaturen, ed. by Wilhelm Koehler and Florentine Mütherich, 6 vols (Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1930-99), 1, ed. by Wilhelm Köehler: Die Schule von Tours, 2 vols, I: Die Ornamentik, pp. 94, 101-2, 105, 107, 120, 313, 319, 372, pl. 13a.

Edward Kennard Rand, Review of Wilhelm Koehler , Die Karolingischen Miniaturen, Göttingische gelehrte Anzeigen, 193 (1931), 337-51 (p. 341).

Rudolf Schützeichel, 'Die Kölner Namenliste des Londoner MS Harley 2805, mit einem Faksimile', in Namenforschung: Festschrift für Adolf Bach zum 75. Geburtstag am 31 Januar 1965, ed. by Rudolf Schützeichel and Matthias Zender (Heidelberg: Carl Winter, 1965), pp. 97-126.

Bonifatius Fischer, Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina, 11 (Freiburg: Herder, 1985), pp. 260, 289, 314, 397.

Margaret T. Gibson, The Bible in the Latin West, The Medieval Book, 1 (Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1993), no. 7.

David Ganz, ‘Mass Production of Early Medieval Manuscripts: The Carolingian Bibles from Tours’, in The Early Medieval Bible: Its Production, Decoration and Use (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 53-62 (pp. 57-59).

Rosamond McKitterick, ‘Carolingian Bible Production: The Tours Anomaly’, in The Early Medieval Bible: Its Production, Decoration and Use (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994), pp. 63-77 (p. 71).

Michele Camillo Ferrari, 'Der Älteste Tournische Pandekt: Paris Bibliotheque Nationale de France Lat. 8847 und seine Fragmente', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des Études relatives aux manuscrits, 53 (1999), 108-13 (p. 111 n. 22).

Christopher de Hamel, The Book: A History of the Bible (London: Phaidon, 2001), pl. 20.

Frans Van Liere, An Introduction to the Medieval Bible (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014), p. 35.

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Text page

f. 75v
Text page

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