You are in Introduction. Click here to skip the navigation.
British Library
Digital Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
About Simple search Manuscript search Advanced search  Virtual exhibitions Glossaries Contact us  Main
print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back

search tips  Search tips
 
 

 

 
 

Detailed record for Royal 19 D III

Author Guyart des Moulins
Title Bible historiale, with various biblical books and saints lives (the early version) (Grand Bible historiale complétée à prologues)
Origin France, Central (Paris and Clairefontaine)
Date 1411
Language French
Script Gothic
Artists Attributed to the Master of Egerton 1070
Decoration 3 large miniatures in colours and gold, with full foliate borders, at the beginning of each volume and the New Testament (ff. 3, 289, 458). 145 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, with full or partial foliate borders, at the beginning of each book and prologue, including 52 Apocalypse scenes (ff. 594v-604). Preliminary marginal drawings (ff. 12v, 13v, 16, 20, 42, 58, 91, 181, 192v, 206v, 216v, 305v, 331, 380v, 403, 411v, 413v, 416, 419v). Foliate initials in colours and gold with foliate extensions, some with partial borders, at the beginning of books and other major text divisions. Initials and paraphs in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white. Line-fillers in gold, blue, and rose with penwork decoration in white.
Dimensions in mm 445 x 340 (285 x 200)
Official foliation vol. 1: ff. 288 (+ 1 unfoliated paper and 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end); vol. 2: ff. 316 (+ 1 unfoliated paper and 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757; gilt and coloured edges.
Provenance Thomas du Val, priest and canon of the Augustinian abbey in Clairefontaine, diocese of Chartres, written by him in February 1411: his colophon 'Cy fini lapocalipse qui est le darrenier / livre de la bible. escript et parfait par les / mains de frere thomas du val prestre et / chanoine profes de labbaye nostre dame de / clerefontaine ou dyocese de chartres. lan / de la nativite nostre s[eigneur] Ihesu crist mil. cccc. / et onze. 1411. Deo gracias le vendredi xxe / jour du mois de feuvrier. priez pour lui. (f. 604).
?Shelfmark of a very large number in brown ink (Carley's 'Old Large Number') '76' (f. i).
The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): perhaps to be identified with 'La grant Bible' included in the list of books at Richmond Palace of 1535, no. 24; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 14.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
Bound in 2 volumes, with continuous foliation (vol. 1: ff. 1-288; vol. 2: ff. 289-604).
Contains an extended version of the Bible Historiale of Guyart des Moulins, classified as the 'grande bible historiale' by Berger.
According to Meiss 1967, illuminated by the Master of Egerton 1070.
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 13.

Samuel Berger, La bible française au moyen âge (Paris: Champion, 1884), pp. 163, 179, 182-86, 206, 257, 392-93.

H. Omont, 'Les manuscrits français des rois d'Angleterre au château de Richmond', in Etudes romanes dédiés à Gaston Paris (Paris: É. Bouillon, 1891), pp. 1-13 (p. 9).

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, pp. 342-45, IV, pl. 112.

[J. A. Herbert], Illuminated Manuscripts and Bindings of Manuscripts Exhibited in The Grenville Library, Guide to the Exhibited Manuscripts 3 (Oxford: British Museum, 1923), no. 113.

Eric G. Millar, Souvenir de l’exposition de manuscrits franc¸ais a` peintures organise´e a` la Grenville Library, British Museum, en janvier-mars, 1932 (Paris: Société Française de Reproductions de Manuscrits a Peintures, 1933), p. 33, nos 43-44, pls XLIII,XLIV.

Rosy Schilling, 'The Master of Egerton 1070 (Hours of René d'Anjou), Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 8 (1954) 272-82 (pp. 278 n. 23, 280).

Millard Meiss, 'The Exhibition of French Manuscripts of the XIII-XVI Centuries at the Bibliothèque Nationale', The Art Bulletin, 38 (1956), 187-96 (p. 195, no. 30).

Bernard Gagnebin, 'Le Tite-Live du duc de Berry', Genava, 7 (1959), pp. 193-214 (p. 199).

Millard Meiss, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Late XIV Century and the Patronage of the Duke, 2 vols, National Gallery of Art Kress Foundation Studies in the History of European Art, 2 (London: Thames and Hudson, 1967), pp. 12, 357, 363 n. 47, figs 312, 313.

D. J. A. Ross, 'Alexander Historiatus: A Supplement', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 30 (1967), 383-88 (p. 384).

C. Robinson, 'Vernacular Scriptures in France', in The Cambridge History of the Bible, ed. by G. Lampe, 3 vols (Cambridge, 1969), II, 449, 530.

Millard Meiss, Sharon Off Dunlap Smith and Elizabeth Home Beaton, French Painting in the Time of Jean de Berry: The Limbourgs and Their Contemporaries, 2 vols (London: Thames and Hudson, 1974), p. 387.

Clive R. Sneddon, ‘'The Bible du XIIIe Siècle': Its Medieval Public in the Light of its Manuscript Tradition', in The Bible and Medieval Culture, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia, Series 1, 7 (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 1979), pp. 127-40 (p. 129 n. 6, 131 n. 14).

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 700-1600 in The Department of Manuscripts: The British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no. 914.

Hugh Shields, 'Légendes religieuses en ancien français (ms. 951 de la Bibliothèque de Trinity College à Dublin)', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 34 (1980) 59-71 (p. 71).

Richard Kenneth Emmerson and Suzanne Lewis, 'Census and Bibliography of Medieval Manuscripts containing Apocalypse Illustrations, ca. 800-1500 III', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 42 (1986), 443-72, no. 164.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, 'Preliminary Marginal Drawings in Medieval Manuscripts, in Artistes, artisans et production artistique au Moyen Age: Colloque international, ed. by. Xavier Barral i Altet, 3 vols (Paris: Picard, 1986-90), III: Fabrication et consommation de l'oeuvre, pp. 307-19 (p. 310).

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Medieval Illuminators and their Methods of Work (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1992), p. 186.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 129.

J. P. Carley, 'Marks in Books and the Libraries of Henry VIII', Papers-Bibliographical Society of America, 91 (1997), 583-606 (p. 606).

Eugenio Burgio, 'Guyart des Moulins e la Guerra Giudaica', in L'Antiquità nella cultura europea del medioevo/ L'Antiquité dans la culture européene du Moyen Age' Ergebnisse der internationalen Tagung in Padua (Greifswald: Reineke, 1998), pp. 269-84 (p. 278).

Eugenio Burgio, 'Ricerche sulla tradizione manoscritta delle vite antico-francesi di Giuda e di Pilato. III: Le Hystoires Apocrifes nella Bible Historiale', Annali de ca' Foscari, 37 (1998) 153-213 (pp. 153, 157-60).

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), ?H1.24.

Akiko Komada, 'Les illustrations de la Bible Historiale: les manuscrits réalisés dans le Nord', 4 vols (unpublished doctoral dissertation, Université Paris IV, 2000), III, no. 41, pp. 773-74.

John Lowden, The Making of the Bibles Moralisées, 2 vols (University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000), II: The Book of Ruth, p. 256, n. 17.

Nigel Morgan, ‘French Interpretations of English Apocalpyses’, in England and the Continent in the Middle Ages: Studies in Memory of Andrew Martindale, Proceedings of the 1996 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by John Mitchell and Matthew Moran, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 8 (Stamford: Shaun Tyas, 2000), pp. 137-56 (p. 142).

Christopher de Hamel, The British Library Guide to Manuscript Illumination: History and Techniques (London: British Library, 2001), pl. 54.

The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 107 n. 4 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 143, fig. 129.

Kathleen L. Scott, Tradition and Innovation in Later Medieval English Manuscripts (London: British Library, 2007), p. 156, n. 124.

Mayumi Taguchi, The Historye of the Patriarks edited from Cambridge, St John's College MS G. 31 with Parallel Texts of the Historia Scholastica and the Bible Historiale (Heidelberg: Winter, 2010), pp. xxv, xxvii, xxx [edition of ff. 1r-41r].

Scot McKendrick, John Lowden, and Kathleen Doyle, Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 74 [exhibition catalogue].


Images
* * *
 
Text page

f. 2v
Text page
Creation

f. 3
Creation
Creation

f. 3
Creation
 
Creation

f. 5v
Creation
Creation

f. 5v
Creation
God the Father

f. 7
God the Father
 
The Fall of Man

f. 8v
The Fall of Man
Expulsion from Paradise

f. 9v
Expulsion from Paradise
Sacrifice of Noah

f. 14v
Sacrifice of Noah
 
Drunkenness of Noah

f. 15
Drunkenness of Noah
Abraham

f. 20
Abraham
Abraham

f. 20
Abraham
 
Sacrifice of Abraham

f. 23
Sacrifice of Abraham
Jacob's dream

f. 28
Jacob's dream
Jacob and the angel

f. 31
Jacob and the angel
 
Pharaoh and Israelites

f. 42
Pharaoh and Israelites
Passage through the Red Sea

f. 50
Passage through the Red Sea
Aaron

f. 58
Aaron
 
Priests

f. 66
Priests
Moses

f. 74
Moses
Moses

f. 91
Moses
 
Joshua

f. 104
Joshua
Samuel

f. 120v
Samuel
David and the Amalekite

f. 133
David and the Amalekite
 
Solomon

f. 144v
Solomon
Ahaziah

f. 162
Ahaziah
Three Patriarchs

f. 181
Three Patriarchs
 
Solomon

f. 192v
Solomon
Jeremiah

f. 206v
Jeremiah
Nehemiah and Artaxerxes

f. 210v
Nehemiah and Artaxerxes
 
Tobit

f. 222v
Tobit
Death of Holofernes

f. 227
Death of Holofernes
Esther and Ahasuerus

f. 235
Esther and Ahasuerus
 
Priest John

f. 240
Priest John
Job

f. 245v
Job
David

f. 256v
David
 
Anointing of David

f. 260v
Anointing of David
David

f. 263v
David
The Fool

f. 266
The Fool
 
David

f. 272
David
Cantors

f. 275
Cantors
Trinity

f. 278
Trinity
 
Solomon

f. 300
Solomon
Solomon

f. 300
Solomon
Nebuchadnezzar

f. 402
Nebuchadnezzar
 
Tree of Jesse

f. 458
Tree of Jesse
Tree of Jesse

f. 458
Tree of Jesse
Tree of Jesse

f. 458
Tree of Jesse
 
Nativity

f. 460
Nativity
Christ mocked

f. 512v
Christ mocked
God enthroned

f. 595v
God enthroned
 
Apocalypse

f. 596
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 596
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 596
Apocalypse
 
Apocalypse

f. 596
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 596v
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 597
Apocalypse
 
Apocalypse

f. 597v
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 600
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 600v
Apocalypse
 
Apocalypse

f. 601v
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 602
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 602v
Apocalypse
 
Apocalypse

f. 603
Apocalypse
Apocalypse

f. 603v
Apocalypse
God enthroned

f. 604
God enthroned
 

print Print this page
home Home
site search Search British Library website
back Back
top Back