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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Additional 25600

Title Passional, , including saints of Cordoba, Spain (ff. 262-269) with interlinear and marginal glosses
Origin Spain, N. (Burgos)
Date 919
Language Latin
Script Visigothic minuscule
Decoration 23 full-page length initials in red, blue-green, black and brown with foliate and interlace decoration, some with zoomorphic elements. Small initials with interlace in red, blue-green, black and brown. Rubrics in capitals in alternating lines of red and blue-green or red and black. Initials in yellow with red outline or in red, some with decoration. Page numbering in red.
Dimensions in mm 395 x 280 (300 x 200/20) written in two columns
Official foliation ff. 269 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather with black tooling.
Provenance ?The Benedictine monastery of San Pedro de Cardeña in the diocese of Burgos, perhaps copied at the command of Abbot Damian (r. c. 900 to 920), by a scribe named Gomes: on a paper flyleaf (f. 1) is a parchment paste-down with an inscription in Spanish in a hand of the 18th century, apparently a copy of the original colophon (now illegible on f. 269), which states: 'Gomes dictus Peccator sive hoc opere scribto forsan me sutract[o] ab igne Era dccccl(a).vii. vi. kal. Dec.' (919 AD) (see Watson, Catalogue, 1979). However, an inscription on f. 258v identifies the scribe as 'Endura presbyter': 'O tu, lectorsanctissime, quotiens hunc librum arripueris ad legendum, pro me tandem Endura presbyter scriptoris non cesses Dominum exorare' (see Shailor , San Pedro de Cardeña, 1979).
A circular ?library stamp, perhaps belonging to an earlier owner (f. 72v).
Messrs Boone, booksellers of London, bought from them by the British Museum, 12 March, 1864.
Select bibliography The British Museum Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts, (London: British Museum, 1854-1875), p. 208.

[E. Maunde Thompson and G. F. Warner], Catalogue of Ancient Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1881-1884), Part II Latin, p. 65.

Elias A. Lowe, The Beneventan Script. A History of the South Italian Minuscule, 2 vols (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1914) I, p. 170, n. 7.

E. B. Garrison, Studies in the History of Mediaeval Italian Painting, 3 vols (Florence: L’impronta, 1953-58), I, 46 n.6.

A. Fabrega Grau, Pasionaria hispánico (Siglos VII-XI), Monumenta Hispaniae Sacra. 6, 2 vols (Madrid: CSIC, 1955), II, pp. 393-407

Andrew G. Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts, c.700-1600, in the Department of Manuscripts, the British Library, 2 vols (London: British Library, 1979), I, no.305.

Barbara A. Shailor, 'The scriptorium of San Pedro de Carden~a' Bulletin of the: John Rylands University Library of Manchester, 61.2 (1979), 444-73 (pp. 466-67).

Stanley Morison, Selected Essays Ont the History of Letter-forms in Manuscript and Print, 2 vols, ed. by David McKitterick (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981) I, p. 260.

Jose Antonio Flores, 'Escribir en los monasterios altomedievales del Occidente Peninsular (siglos VIII-XII), in Lugares de escritura: el monasterio, ed. by Ramón Baldaquí Escadell (Alicante: University of Alicante Press, 2016), pp. 17-68 (p 32).

* * *
Zoomorphic initial

Zoomorphic initial
Zoomorphic initial

f. 245
Zoomorphic initial
Interlace initial

f. 258v
Interlace initial

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