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Detailed record for Egerton 809

ff. 1v-50v 
Title Gospel Lectionary, imperfect
 
 
 
Origin Germany, S. (Swabia, possibly Hirsau)
Date 1st quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration 4 full-page framed miniatures in colours and gold of the Nativity, the Holy Women at the Tomb, the Ascension, and Pentecost (ff. 1v, 27v, 33v, 35v). 2 large historiated initials (ff. 17, 41). Large initials in colours and gold, some with clasps, foliate decoration, animal heads, or other zoomorphic elements. Decorated incipit in gold letters in a framed border (f. 3v). Small initials in gold or red, a few on coloured grounds. Incipits in gold (chrysography).
Dimensions in mm 260 x 185 (160 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 50 + 1* ( + 5 unfoliated paper flyleaves and 2 unfoliated parchment leaves + 1* at the beginning, and 3 unfoliated parchment leaves and one fragment, and 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex.
Binding BM/BL in-house. Rebound in 1967; former 15th-century binding of blue velvet with an inlaid painted wood panel of saints in colours on a gold ground on the upper cover are kept separately as Egerton 809/1.
Provenance ? The abbey of St Maximin at Trier, or Swabia, south Germany, possibly Hirsau (see Backhouse).
f. [v] has a pasted paper 19th- or 20th-century handwritten description of the manuscript.
Purchased at Sotheby's, 30 May 1840, lot 289 for £23.2.0 by the British Museum, using the Bridgewater fund (£12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
On guards with interleaving with numerous paper leaves.
The miniatures and major initials were originally covered by silk curtains, which have now been removed and are stored with the original covers as Egerton 809/1. These covers are blue velvet over boards, with an inset painting of Bishop Blaise, Agnes and ? Anthony Abbot.
Select bibliography List of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1836-1840 (London: British Museum, 1843), 1840, p. 15.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), pp. 153-54.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingischen Miniaturen', in Zweiten Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 51-77 (p. 62).

Georg Swarzenski, Die Salzburger Malerei, 2 vols (Leipzig: Hiersemann, 1913), I, 36 n. 5.

A Guide to the Exhibition of Some Part of the Egerton Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1929), no. 3.

Otto Pächt, C. R. Dodwell, and Francis Wormald, The St. Albans Psalter (Albani Psalter) (London: Warburg Institute, 1960), pp. 59 n. 5, 82, 95, pl. 102c, 111e, 137d.

D. H. Turner, Romanesque Illuminated Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1966), pp. 19-20, pl. 11.

Die Ottonische Kolner Malerschule, ed. by Peter Bloch and Hermann Schnitzler , 2 vols (Dusseldorf: L. Schwann, 1967), II: Textband, p. 100.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997, no. 23.

Canossa 1077: Erschütterung der Welt, ed. by Christoph Stiegemann and Matthias Wemhoff, 2 vols (Munich: Hirmer, 2006), II, no. 399 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), pp. 3 and 79, fig. 66.


Images

ff. 1v-50v
Gospel Lectionary, imperfect
* * *
 
The Nativity

f. 1v
The Nativity
The Last Supper

f. 17
The Last Supper
The Ascension

f. 33v
The Ascension
 
The Ascension

f. 33v
The Ascension
Christ and Peter

f. 41
Christ and Peter

* * *
 
Bishop Blaise

upper cover
Bishop Blaise

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