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Detailed record for Additional 36619

Title Ordinance of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, for the discipline and equipment of his military levies
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date c. 1475
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Master of Fitzwilliam 268, (?) Philippe de Mazerolles (see Kren and McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance, 2003)
Decoration 1 full-page miniature with border in colours and gold, with the device of the Order of the Golden Fleece in the borders of the canopy, and the Duke's coat of arms on the dais (f. 5). Initials in gold on blue and rose grounds with penwork decoration in white at the beginning of paragraphs.
Dimensions in mm 305 x 215 (170 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 41 (ff. 1-4 are parchment leaves and ff. 38,39 are a folded paper leaf inserted after f. 37; + 1 unfoliated parchment leaf after f. 4 + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Modern red velvet binding on oak boards with gilt bosses and clasps.
Provenance Charles the Bold (d. 1477), Duke of Burgundy and his wife, Margaret of York: this is not the copy signed by the Duke, but it is believed to be 'the original' intended for him, with a large miniature, for which 5 livres was paid (see Schryver, 'Philippe de Mazerolles', 1999); made before his death in the battle at Nancy on 5 January, 1477.
Marc Antoine Marin de Choisey, Seigneur de Barjon Anot and Panthenay : records of the births of his children and other family events from 1649 to 1674 (ff. 1-3).
Jean Bouhier (b. 1673, d. 1746), magistrate and, bibliophile of Dijon, in his library in 1721: his title page with ownership inscription, shelfmark and the date on a blank leaf, 'De la Bibliotheque de Mr. le P. Bouhier, D.I, MDCCXXI' (f. 4).
The Haselden or Carter family: a bookplate with the motto 'Benigno numine' on a paste-down to the the inside lower binding (f. 41).
William Beckford, (b. 1760, d. 1844), novelist and collector: in the sale of his goods at Fonthill Abbey, Wiltshire by Phillips Son and Neale, auctioneers of London, 9 September 1823, lot 606; 'Fonthill Abbey, 1823' written on f. 40v.
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Barrois (b. 1784, d. 1855), French deputy and book collector (see Hugh Collingham, 'Joseph Barrois: Portrait of a Bibliophile XXVI', Book Collector 33 (1984), 431-48).
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham: acquired with the other Barrois manuscripts in 1849, as Ms.2 (see Catalogue of the Manuscripts at Ashburnham Palace, II, Collection of J. Barrois).
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: sold in the Ashburnham-Barrois sale, 10 June 1901, lot 434; purchased by Quaritch for the British Museum.
Notes The ordinance is dated 'lan de grace mil quatrecens soixante et treize' (1473).
Inserted in the volume after the ordinance (ff. 38v-39r) is an original signed letter from Charles the Bold as Count of Charrolais to John, Duke of Bourbon and Auvergne, his brother-in-law, about the tenure of Château-Chinon, dated at the Hague, 16 August [before 1464].
Select bibliography Paul Durrieu, La Miniature flamande au temps de la cour de Bourgogne (1415-1530), (Paris and Brussels, 1921), pl. 39.

Flemish Art 1300-1700, (London: Royal Academy of Arts ,1953-54), no. 577 [exhibition catalogue].

Andrew Watson, Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c.700-1600 in the Department of Manuscripts, The British Library (London, 1979), i, no.374.

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), no. 1, pp. 13-16.

Alain Arnould and Jean Michel Massing, Spendours of Flanders (Cambridge: University Press, 1993), p. 76.

Antoine de Schryver, 'Philippe de Mazerolles: Le Livre d'heures noir et les manuscrits d'Ordonnances militaires de Charles le Temeraire', Revue de l'art, 126 (1999), 50-67.

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), pl. 26 on p. 372.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: the Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (2003), cat. no. 64, p.252 [exhibition catalogue].

Charles le Téméraire: Faste et Déclin de la Cour de Bourgogne, ed. by Susan Marti, Till-Holger Borchert, and Gabriele Keck (Brussels: Fonds Mercator, 2008), no. 47 [exhibition catalogue].

Christopher Allmand, The De re militari of Vegetius: the reception, transmission and legacy of a Roman text in the Middle Ages (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011), p. 136, n. 166.

Kings, Queens, and Courtiers: Art in Early Renaissance France, ed. by Martha Wolff (New Haven: Yale, 2011), fig. 26.

* * *
Text page

f. 4v
Text page
Charles the Bold

f. 5
Charles the Bold
Text page

f. 5v
Text page
Text page

f. 13
Text page
Letter of Charles the Bold

f. 39
Letter of Charles the Bold

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