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Detailed record for Additional 18043

Title Psalter with commentary
Origin Netherlands, S. (Stavelot)
Date 4th quarter of the 10th century or 1st quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration 2 historiated initials on painted grounds within full-page borders, at the beginning of Psalms 51 and 101 (ff. 64v and 114). A full decorated border and display capitals at the beginning of Psalm 1 (f. 4). Numerous initials in red.
Dimensions in mm 250 x 210 (200 x 140)
Official foliation ff. 186 ( f. 1 is a modern paper flyleaf + 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning, 1 after f. 1 and 3 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Dark brown leather, gilt edges
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of Stavelot, until 1847 (the sale of its manuscripts): the manuscript is recorded as a 'Psalterium glosatum' in a catalogue of Stavelot's manuscripts that has been dated to 1104 (Add MS 28106, Volume 1, f. 228v, ed. by Gottlieb, Über Mittelalterliche Bibliotheken (1890), p. 279 (no. 279)); a 15th-century ownership inscription on f. 187r (‘Psalterium glosatum spectans ad monasterium sancti Remacli stabulensis’); a 17th-century ownership inscription on f. 4 (‘Liber Monasterij Stabulensis’); a 19th-century description of the manuscript referring to Stavelot: ‘Manuscrit Provenant de l’abbaye de Stavelot’ (f. 1).
Thomas Rodd the Younger (b. 1796, d. 1849), London bookseller: his sale, London, 4 February 1850, lot 756, bought by the British Museum.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at
The Psalter is followed by songs canticles, a litany of saints, including St Remaclus, the founder of Stavelot (c. 650), and an exposition on the Athanasian Creed. This is part of a group of manuscripts that was produced around the year 1000, probably during the abbacy of Ravanger II (r. 980-1007), and illuminated in a distinct Mosan style (see Millar, The Library of A. Chester Beatty, I (1927), pp. 66-67; Nordenfalk, Codex Caesareus Upsaliensis (1971), pp. 141-42).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1848-1853 (London: Woodfall and Kinder, 1868), p. 74.
Walter De Gray Birch and Henry Jenner,Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 3.
Theodor Gottlieb, Über Mittelalterliche Bibliotheken (Leipzig: Harrassowitz, 1890), p. 279 (no. 279).
James Douglas Bruce, 'The Anglo-Saxon Version of the Book of Psalms Commonly Known as the Paris Psalter', Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, 9 (1894), 43-164 (pp. 138 n. 1, 146-47).
Joseph Halkin, ‘Inventaire des archives de l'abbaye de Stavelot-Malmedy’, Bulletin de la Commission Royale d'Histoire, 5th series, 7 (Brussels: Hayez, 1897), 233-448 (p. 443 (no. 1104)).
Andrew Ewbank Burn, The Athanasian Creed; Coptic Apocryphal Gospels; The Old Latin and the Itala, Texts and Studies: Contributions to Biblical and Patristic Literature (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1896), pp. 3, 10-12.
Eric George Millar, The Library of A. Chester Beatty: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Western Manuscripts, 4 vols (London: Johnson at The Oxford University Press, 1927-1930), I: Manuscripts 1 to 43: Text, pp. 66-67 (no. 17).
K. H. Usener, 'Les débuts du style roman dans l'art mosan', in L’art Mosan, Bibliothèque Générale de L’École Pratique des Hautes Études, 6 (Paris: Armand Colin, 1953), 103-12.
André Boutémy, 'Nouvelles réflexions sur les Évangiles de Notger (l'activité artistique du Scriptorium de Stavelot au IXe et Xe siècles)', in Annales du XXXVIe congrès de la fédération des cercles d'archéologie et d'histoire de Belgique, 2 vols (Ghent: Fédération des cercles d'archéologie et d'histoire de Belgique, 1956) II, pp. 481-95.
Maurice Coens, ‘Les plus anciennes litanies de Stavelot’, Analecta Bollandiana, 75 (1957), 5-17 (pp. 5-6).
André Boutémy, ‘Le manuscrit à peintures’, in Trésors des anciennes abbayes de Stavelot-Malmedy et dépendances: Extraits du catalogue de l'exposition (Stavelot: n. pub., 1965), pp. 9-14.
Carl Nordenfalk, Codex Caesareus Upsaliensis: An Echternach Gospel-Book of the Eleventh Century, 2 vols (Stockholm: Almquist & Wiksell, 1971), commentary volume, pp. 141-42.
Anton von Euw, ‘Zur Buchmalerei im Maasgebiet von den Anfängen bis zum 12. Jahrhundert’, in Rhein und Maas: Kunst und Kultur 800-1400: Eine Ausstellung der Schnütgen-Museen der Stadt Köln und der belgischen Ministerien für französische und niederländische Kultur vom 14 Mai bis 23 Juli 1972 in der Kunsthalle Köln; vom 15 September bis 31 Oktober 1972 in den Königlichen Museum für Kunst und Geschichte in Brussel, 2 vols (Cologne: n. pub., 1972-1973), II, pp. 343-60 (pp. 346, fig. 3 and 5).
Rainer Kahsnitz, Der Werdener Psalter in Berlin Ms. theol. lat. fol. 358: Eine Untersuchung zu Problemen mittelalterlicher Psalterillustration (Du¨sseldorf: Schwann, 1979), pp. 98 n. 40, 123, 130, 149 n. 184, 152, 154 n. 218, 155, 162, 164, 165-66 n. 282.
Marie-Rose Lapière, La lettre ornée dans les manuscrits mosans d'origine bénédictine, Bibliothèque de la Faculté de philosophie et lettres de l'Université de Liège, 229 (Paris: Les Belles Lettres, 1981), pp. xxv, 250, 252, 410, fig. 234 (no. 131).
Roger Gryson, Altlateinische Handschriften/Manuscrits Vieux Latins 300-485, Vetus Latina 1/2B (Freiburg: Herder, 2004), p. 276 (no. 447).

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Title page

f. 4
Title page
David and Goliath

f. 64v
David and Goliath
Crowned figure

f. 114
Crowned figure

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