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Detailed record for Harley 2985

Title Book of Hours, Use of Sarum
Origin Netherlands, S.
Date 3rd quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 12 small miniatures, in colours and gold, in the upper margins at the beginning of each month in the calendar (ff. 1-12v). 19 large full-page miniatures, followed by large decorated initials, with full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 19v, 21v, 23v, 25v, 27v, 29v, 31v, 33v, 35v, 37v, 39v, 41v, 48v, 61v, 71v, 74v, 128v, 140v, 146v); 7 large full-page miniatures probably missing before large decorated foliate initials with full foliate borders, in colours and gold (ff. 13, 65, 67, 69, 79, 95*, 109). 15 large historiated initials, in colours and gold, for suffrages at the end of Lauds in the Hours of the Virgin and for prayers (ff. 54v, 55v, 56v, 57, 57v, 58, 59v, 87, 90 (x2), 90v (x2), 91 (x2), 91v); 3 historiated initials cut out, one for the suffrage to Peter and Paul (f. 56), one for the prayer to the image of Christ (f. 89v), and one for the prayer of Bede on the Seven Last Words (f. 93). 1 large decorated initial, in colours and gold, at the beginning of a prayer (f. 83). Small initials (2 lines) in gold on red and blue grounds. Small initials (1 line) in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in gold and blue.
Dimensions in mm 215 x 150 (115 x 75)
Official foliation ff. 156 (+ 95[*] and 96[*] mistakenly counted twice; + 3 paper flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Diced brown calf.
Provenance Unidentified late 15th-century owner: space for heraldic arms (f. 42).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts. Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes Text page with the suffrage to Thomas Becket cut out, except the upper and lower margins (f. 30).
A shield-shape space left for the arms of a potential purchaser (f. 42) (see Rogers 2002).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II, no. 2985.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 16.

The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain (Cambridge: University Press, 1999- ), III: 1400-1557, ed. by Lotte Hellinga and J. B. Trapp (1999), pl. 2.3.

Nicolas Rogers, ‘Patrons and Purchasers: Evidence for the Original Owners of Books of Hours Produced in the Low Countries for the English Market’ in ’Als Ich Can’: Liber Amicorum in Memory of Professor Dr. Maurits Smeyers, ed. by Bert Cardon and others, 2 vols (Paris: Uitgeverij Peeters, 2002), pp. 1165-1181 (p. 1166).

Eamon Duffy, Marking the Hours: English People and Their Prayers 1240-1570 (New Haven: Yale, 2006), p. 152, fig. 99.


Images
* * *
 
The Trinity

f. 19v
The Trinity
John the Baptist

f. 21v
John the Baptist
John the Evangelist

f. 23v
John the Evangelist
 
George and the dragon

f. 25v
George and the dragon
Christopher

f. 27v
Christopher
Thomas Becket

f. 29v
Thomas Becket
 
Excised page

f. 30
Excised page
Catherine

f. 35v
Catherine
Margaret

f. 37v
Margaret
 
Margaret suffrage

f. 38
Margaret suffrage
Barbara

f. 39v
Barbara
Garden of Gethsemane

f. 41v
Garden of Gethsemane
 
Christ before Pilate

f. 61v
Christ before Pilate
The Deposition

f. 71v
The Deposition
The Lamentation

f. 74v
The Lamentation
 
Souls ascending

f. 128v
Souls ascending
Instruments of the Passion

f. 140v
Instruments of the Passion

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