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Detailed record for Harley 2433

Title Book of Hours, Use of Tournai, imperfect
Origin Netherlands, S. (Ghent-Tournai area)
Date 2nd quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin and Dutch
Script Gothic
Decoration 2 historiated initials in colours and gold with a three-sided bar border and a full border with acanthus leaves, flowers, and birds, of the Virgin and Child on a crescent, and the Resurrection, at Matins and the Penitential Psalms (ff. 25, 81), the borders including a musician angel and a lion. 7 initials in colours and gold with a three-sided border with acanthus leaves and hybrid creatures, animals, and arms (ff. 33, 41, 49, 57v, 61v, 65, 68, 71, 76v, 99v). Initial in colours and gold, some with a one-or two-sided border with acanthus leaves, ivy and flowers (ff. 18, 18v, 19v, 20v, 21v, 22, 23). Smaller initials in blue with red pen-flourishing or in gold with grey or ochre pen-flourishing. Line-fillers in blue and gold. Capitals marked in red.
Dimensions in mm 165 x 110 (105 x 65)
Official foliation ff. 119 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Brown leather with gold fillets.
Provenance Unidentified arms of two families, with scallop shells, 15th century (ff. 25, 71, 81).
Inscribed, late 15th century or early 16th century, 'Stuuaert meligavit' with an initial S with elaborate cadels (f. 1v).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie; sold to the Harleys on 8 December 1720 (see Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley ‘8 Septembris 1720’ (f. 2).
Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d. 1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes f. 1 is a former pastedown.
ff. 2v-3 and 4v are blank.
Including a table to calculate Easter (ff. 3v-4), a calendar (ff. 5-16v), the mixed hours of the Compassion of the Virgin and of the Cross beginning in the middle of Prime (ff. 18-24v), the hours of the Virgin (ff. 25-80v), the Penitential Psalms followed by a litany and various prayers (ff. 81-99), prayers in Dutch (ff. 99v-116), amd in Latin including the 8 Verses of St Bernard (ff. 116v-119).
Missing folio(s) after f. 17 (and probably also after f. 16), and f. 80. These certainly contained full-page miniatures, especially the leaf after f. 80, as no text is missing at the beginning of the Penitential Psalms.
Calendar including in red: Veerelt, Amant (Ghent), Eloy (Tournai), Amelberghe (Ghent), Bave (=Bavo of Ghent), Denijs, Lievin (Ghent), Barbele (=Barbara); and in brown: Wouborch (4 Aug.; ?Utrecht).
Litany including Livine, Amande, Vedaste (Arras), Eligi, Egidi, Bavo (Ghent), Bricti, Gislene (Hainault, Cambrai), Bernarde, Pharahildis (Ghent), Amelberga (Ghent).
f. 119v is blank.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: Eyre and Strahan, 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2433.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 69 n. 4.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), pp. 253-54.


Images
* * *
 
Virgin and Child

f. 25
Virgin and Child
Resurrection of the Souls

f. 81
Resurrection of the Souls
Resurrection of the Souls

f. 81
Resurrection of the Souls
 
Peacock

f. 81
Peacock
Lion playing a trumpet

f. 81
Lion playing a trumpet
Archer

f. 81
Archer
 

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