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Detailed record for Additional 21114

Part 1 ff. 1-122 
Title Psalter (the 'Psalter of Lambert le Bègue')
Origin France, N. (Liège)
Date Between 1255 and 1265
Language Latin and French
Script Gothic, written below the top line
Decoration 2 full-page miniatures (ff. 8v, 9v) and 1 full-page historiated initial (f. 10v) in colours with gold. 1 full page ink drawing (f. 7v). 11 historiated initials in colours and gold (ff. 11, 12, 27v, 37v, 46v, 47, 56v, 68v, 79v, 81, 114v). 12 unframed figures representing the labours of the months, 11 calendar roundels with zodiac symbols and 1 unframed zodiac symbol in colours with gold. Framed initials in colours with gold. Small initials in red with brown penwork decoration, or in blue with red penwork decoration. Marginal figures and hybrid creatures.
Dimensions in mm 185 x 120 (125 x 75)
 
Part 2 ff. 123-163 
Title Office of the Dead, Penitential Psalms and Litany
Origin France, S
Date 2nd half of the 14th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration Framed initials in colours with gold (ff. 122-123v). 1 puzzle initial in red and blue with pen-flourishing (f. 124). Initials in red or blue, some with penwork decoration in the other colour.
Dimensions in mm 185 x 120 (125 x 75)
 
Official foliation ff. 163 (+ 1 unfoliated paper flyleaf and 3 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 3 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Leather with raised bands and blind tooling; the fore-edge is inscribed '33' and 'Beate Marie…(illeg.)'
Provenance The Béguine monastery of St Christopher in Liège: a portrait of Lambert le Bègue (d. c. 1177), its supposed founder (f. 7v) and entries in the calendar, for this area.
Additions in the 15th century (ff. 156-158).
Names of months in the calendar and titles of some prayers added in the Catalan language in a 15th-century hand.
Inscription on the fore-edges of the leaves, '33 Beate Marie..', perhaps added in Spain.
Prayers with a rubric in French (ff.162v-163v) and correspondences to the Psalms added in the late 15th or early 16th century.
Marie Berardier, her name and a date of 1584 or 1589 inscribed on f.162.
Bought by the British Museum from Messers Boone, Booksellers, 28 July 1855.
Notes Contents include:
ff. 1-6v: Calendar;
f. 7: A table for calculating the date of Easter for 1140-1672, containing a hidden Latin verse identifying Lambert de Bègue as the author (see Paul Meyer, 'le Psautier' (1900), pp. 536-40);
ff. 9-10: Two verses in Northern French: ff. 9, incipit 'Pius deus omnipotent ki haut sies et lonc voi'' ff. 10: incipit, 'Sire qui pour nos fustes traveilhies'.
The same artist or artists as Keble College MS 17, according to Morgan, 'Resistance to Paris' (2008), p. 69.
Select bibliography Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 6.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1854-1860 (London: British Museum, 1875), p. 324.

Paul Meyer. 'Le psautier de Lambert le Bègue', Romania: Revue Trimestrielle, 29 (1900), 528-48.

Günther Haseloff, Die Psalterillustration im 13. Jahrhundert : Studien zur Geschichte der Buchmalerei in England, Frankreich und den Niederlanden ([n.p.]:[n.pub.], 1938), p. 69 (Table 20).

Keith Sinclair, 'Les manuscrits du Psautier de Lambert le Bègue', Romania, Revue Trimestrielle, 86 (1965), 22-47 (pp. 25, 46).

Rhin-Meuse: Art et civilisation 800-1400 (Cologne: Rudolf Muller, 1972), p. 84.

Lillian M. C. Randall, 'Flemish Psalters in the Apostolic Tradition', in Gatherings in Honour of Dorothy E. Miner, ed. by Ursula E. McCracken, Lilian M. C. Randall and Richard H. Randall, Jr (Baltimore, 1974), pp.171-91, (pp.180-81).

C. Lemaire, 'Le Comput de Lambert le Bègue: son interpretation et tradition', Scriptorium: Revue internationale des études relative aux manuscrits, 34 (1980), 78-85.

Judith H. Oliver, Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liège (c. 1250 - c. 1330), Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts from the Low Countries, 2-3, 2 vols (Leuven: Uitgverij Peeters, 1988), 1, no.18.

William Noel, 'Books in the Home: Psalters and Books of Hours', in Medieval Mastery: Book Illumination from Charlemagne to Charles the Bold 800-1475 (Leuven: Brepols, 2002), pp. 57-67 (p. 59, fig. 5) [exhibition catalogue].

Elisabeth von Thuringen: Eine Europaische Heilige, ed. by Dieter Blume and Matthias Werner, 2 vols (Petersburg: Michael Imhoff, 2007), I, Katalog, no. 245 [exhibition catalogue].

Andreas Bram, 'Fratrum Minorum Mater: Heiligenbilder als Angleichung and zum Patronat in Frankreich und Flandern und in der Anjou-Hofkunst Neapels' in Elisabeth von Thuringen: Eine Europaische Heilige, ed. by Dieter Blume and Matthias Werner, 2 vols (Petersburg: Michael Imhoff, 2007), II, Aufsatze, pp. 309-24 (p. 310, pl. 1).

Nigel Morgan, 'Resistance to Paris in the Iconography of 13th-century English, Netherlandish, North and East French Psalters in the Bodleian Library', The Bodleian Library Record, 21 (2008), 62-74 (pp. 69-70).


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-122
Psalter (the 'Psalter of Lambert le Bègue')
* * *
 
January - drinking

f. 1
January - drinking
February

f. 1v
February
March - hoeing

f. 2
March - hoeing
 
April - a man with flowers

f. 2v
April - a man with flowers
May - hawking

f. 3
May - hawking
June

f. 3v
June
 
July - reaping

f. 4
July - reaping
August - harvesting

f. 4v
August - harvesting
September - sowing

f. 5
September - sowing
 
October - making wine

f. 5v
October - making wine
November - a pig farmer

f. 6
November - a pig farmer
December - slaughtering a bull

f. 6v
December - slaughtering a bull
 
Table

f. 7
Table
Lambert de Bègue

f. 7v
Lambert de Bègue
The Annunciation

f. 8v
The Annunciation
 
The Annunciation

f. 8v
The Annunciation
The childhood of Christ

f. 9v
The childhood of Christ
Death and Coronation of the Virgin

f. 10v
Death and Coronation of the Virgin
 
Death and Coronation of the Virgin

f. 10v
Death and Coronation of the Virgin
God holding Christ on the cross

f. 11
God holding Christ on the cross
Framed initial with bird

f. 11v
Framed initial with bird
 
David playing the harp

f. 12
David playing the harp
Illuminated initial

f. 20v
Illuminated initial
Marginal images

f. 21
Marginal images
 
Christ healing a blind man

f. 27v
Christ healing a blind man
Christ blessing a man

f. 27v
Christ blessing a man
Illuminated initial

f. 32v
Illuminated initial
 
Marginal images

f. 33
Marginal images
Eagle

f. 33v
Eagle
Marginal images

f. 34
Marginal images
 
Illuminated initial

f. 34v
Illuminated initial
Text page with decoration

f. 37
Text page with decoration
The Flight into Egypt

f. 37v
The Flight into Egypt
 
Illuminated initial and marginal images

f. 41v
Illuminated initial and marginal images
Marginal birds

f. 42
Marginal birds
Herod and the massacre of the innocents

f. 46v
Herod and the massacre of the innocents
 
Christ tempted by the Devil

f. 47
Christ tempted by the Devil
Jonah in the whale's mouth with Christ above

f. 56v
Jonah in the whale's mouth with Christ above
Illuminated initial and eagle

f. 58v
Illuminated initial and eagle
 
Marginal birds

f. 59
Marginal birds
Marginal bird

f. 66v
Marginal bird
A man with his hands and feet tied

f. 67
A man with his hands and feet tied
 
 Martin giving his cloak to a beggar

f. 68v
Martin giving his cloak to a beggar
Illuminated initial

f. 76v
Illuminated initial
A tonsured monk and a monkey

f. 77
A tonsured monk and a monkey
 
Decorated initials and marginalia

f. 79
Decorated initials and marginalia
Francis with birds

f. 79v
Francis with birds
Transfiguration

f. 81
Transfiguration
 
Illuminated initial

f. 82v
Illuminated initial
Marginal birds

f. 83
Marginal birds
Marginal images

f. 93
Marginal images
 
Doubting Thomas touching Christ's wound

f. 114v
Doubting Thomas touching Christ's wound
Marginal images

f. 115
Marginal images
Marginal images

f. 118v
Marginal images
 
Tonsured head

f. 119
Tonsured head

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