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Detailed record for Additional 17280

Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date Between 1480 and 1489
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive (Bastarda)
Artists Master of the Dresden Prayerbook
Decoration 14 large miniatures in full scatter borders in colours with gold (ff. 24v, 43v, 77v, 96v, 113v, 168v, 183v, 190v, 197v, 203v, 210v, 221v, 238v, 280v). 28 small miniatures with partial scatter borders in colours with gold. 30 historiated initials with full or partial scatter borders in colours with gold. Borders include flowers, berries, animals, birds, insects and butterflies and each full border incorporates two roundels with scenes from the Bible and the apocrypha. Numerous framed initials and line-fillers in grey on gold grounds. Rubrics in red
Dimensions in mm 150 x 110 (75 x 50)
Official foliation ff. iv + 368 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves and 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the beginning and 3 unfoliated flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Green velvet with gold tooling and silk fore-leaves. Rebound in 1966. A former 19th-century binding of purple velvet edges with filigree and studded with precious stones is kept separately.
Provenance Perhaps made for a patron with connections to Evreux: the saints in the litany include Taurinus, Aquilinus and Gaudus; also included are Claude of Besancon and Denis, indicating French ownership (see Backhouse, 'So-called Hours', 1994).
? Colonel Theubet, collector of Porrentruy Switzerland: added notes in English ( ff. i and ii) and in Spanish (f. iii), claiming that the manuscript belonged to Archduke Philip the Fair, and the 19th-century portraits of Philip (d. 1506) and his wife Joanna of Castile (ff. 2v-3) were probably added for him; his anonymous sale, London, 19 July 1842, lot 54.
William Knight, F.S.A., bought by him from Colonel Theubet in 1842; his sale, London, 2 August, 1847, lot 728; bought by Thomas Rodd (a note on f. iv).
Bought from Thomas Rodd, 20 January 1848 by the British Museum.
.
Notes A former 19th-century binding of purple velvet edges with filigree and studded with precious stones is kept separately.
This Book of Hours originally contained a total of 149 separate pictorial images, 19 of them large miniatures.The calendar (ff. 4-15v) appears incomplete, with only the entries in blue and gold completed and no decoration apart from small initials (see discussion in Backhouse, 'So-called Hours', 1994).
The Master of the Dresden Prayerbook is an anonymous artist mainly active in Bruges, identified by Winkler 'Der Brugger Meister' (1914).
Select bibliography W. R. Tymms and M. D. Wyatt, The Art of Illuminating as Practised in Europe from the Earliest Times (London: Day and Sons, 1860; repr. Studio Editions, 1987), pl. XVI.3-4.

The British Museum Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts, 1848-1854 (London: British Museum, 1868), p. 1.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I, (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 37.

Friedrich Winkler, 'Der Brugger Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuches und seine Werke', Jahrbuch der Koniglich preussischen Kunstsammlungen, 35 (1914), 225-40.

Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), figs 27-28.

Janet Backhouse, 'The So-called Hours of Philip the Fair: an introductory note on British Library Additional MS 17280', Wiener Jahrbuch fur Kunstgeschichte, 46-47, pt 1 (1993-94), 45-54, online at https://www.degruyter.com/downloadpdf/j/wjk.1994.46-47.issue-1/wjk.1994.4647.1.45/wjk.1994.4647.1.45.pdf [accessed August 2019].

The Apocalypse and the Shape of Things to Come, ed. by Frances Carey (London: British Museum, 1999), pp. 95-96, no. 24.

Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), pl. 25 on p. 438.

Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: the Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe(Los Angeles: The J. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), cat. no. 117, pp. 391-93 [exhibition catalogue].

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pls. 73-76.

Alixe Bovey, Jean de Carpentin's book of hours: The Genius of the Master of the Dresden Prayer Book (London: Paul Holberton Publishing, 2011), pp. 111-14, fig. 118.


Images
* * *
 
John the Evangelist

f. 16
John the Evangelist
Matthew

f. 18v
Matthew
Mark

f. 20v
Mark
 
Bernard crushing a devil

f. 21v
Bernard crushing a devil
The Trinity

f. 24v
The Trinity
The Trinity and Old Testament figures

f. 25
The Trinity and Old Testament figures
 
Pentecost

f. 68
Pentecost
The Adoration of the Lamb

f. 77v
The Adoration of the Lamb
Virgin and Child

f. 78
Virgin and Child
 
The Last Supper

f. 96v
The Last Supper
The Annunciation

f. 146
The Annunciation
The unborn Christ and John the Baptist

f. 169
The unborn Christ and John the Baptist
 
The Massacre of the Innocents

f. 203v
The Massacre of the Innocents
Herod and Moses

f. 204
Herod and Moses
The Flight into Egypt with miracles

f. 210v
The Flight into Egypt with miracles
 
Scenes from Exodus

f. 211
Scenes from Exodus
The Presentation and the road to Jerusalem

f. 221v
The Presentation and the road to Jerusalem
The Circumcision

f. 222
The Circumcision
 
Pieta, Joseph and Jonah

f. 242
Pieta, Joseph and Jonah
David

f. 251
David
Michael fighting the devil for a soul

f. 281
Michael fighting the devil for a soul
 
The Trinity

f. 340v
The Trinity
Michael and the angels

f. 341v
Michael and the angels
John the Baptist

f. 342v
John the Baptist
 
Peter and Paul

f. 343
Peter and Paul
Andrew

f. 345
Andrew
Christopher

f. 346
Christopher
 
Adrian

f. 347v
Adrian
Sebastian

f. 348v
Sebastian
Maurice

f. 349
Maurice
 
George and the dragon

f. 350
George and the dragon
Claude of Besancon

f. 351v
Claude of Besancon
Laurence

f. 352v
Laurence
 
Gregory

f. 353
Gregory
James

f. 355
James
Ambrose

f. 356
Ambrose
 
Nicholas

f. 358
Nicholas
Martin

f. 359
Martin
Anthony

f. 360
Anthony
 
Anne and the Virgin

f. 360v
Anne and the Virgin
Mary Magdalene

f. 361v
Mary Magdalene
Catherine

f. 362v
Catherine
 


f. 363v
Barbara

f. 363v
Barbara
Appolonia

f. 364
Appolonia
 
Agnes

f. 365
Agnes
Margaret

f. 366
Margaret
All the Saints

f. 367v
All the Saints
 

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