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Detailed record for Harley 2930

Title Psalter-Hours, including a calendar (ff. 3-8v)
Origin Netherlands, S. (Brabant)
Date Last quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin with some French prayers
Script Gothic
Decoration 5 full page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 10v, 11v, 12v, 13v, 14v). 10 historiated initials in colours and gold at Psalms 1, 2, 26, 38, 51, 52, 68, 80, 97, 101, and 109 (ff. 15, 29, 38, 46v, 47, 56, 67v, 78v, 80, 90v). Full border in colours and gold with hybrid creatures and a bird (f. 15). 4 historiated initials in colours and gold at other points in the text (ff. 115, 125, 157, 174v). Initials in red with blue pen-flourishing and in blue with red pen-flourishing, some with faces in the bowls. Small plain initials in red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 155 x 110 (85 x 60)
Official foliation ff. 203 (+ 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Written for a Brabantine woman, possibly a Beguine: feminine endings in prayers (ff. 181v, 182v), and together with masculine endings (e.g. f. 193v) (see Oliver 1998).
German rubrics in the Ripuarisch dialect spoken in Cologne added in the 14th century (f. 58) (see Oliver 1998).
Nathaniel Noel (fl. 1681, d. c. 1753), bookseller, employed by Edward Harley for buying books and manuscripts chiefly on the Continent, where his agent was George Suttie: sold to Edward Harley on 20 January 1721/22 (see Wright 1972).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '20 die Januarij, A.D. 1721/22.' (f. 1). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes ff. i and ii are paper flyleaves.
f. ii is after f. 203.
ff. 1-2 are parchment flyleaves.
Historiated initial 'D'(ilexi quoniam exaudiet Dominus vocem orationis meae), of the enthroned Virign and Child and a sinner roasting in Hell, at the Office of the Dead (f. 157).
Historiated initial 'A'(ve porta paradysi lignum vite), of the Virgin returning the diabolical charter to a kneeling Theophilus (f. 174v).
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts, in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II (1808), no. 2930.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 7.

Georg Graf Vitzthum, Die Pariser Miniaturmalerei: von der Zeit des hl. Ludwig bis zu Philipp von Valois und ihr Verhältnis zur Malerei in Nordwesteuropa (Leipzig: Quelle & Meyer, 1907), p. 111.

J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen, 1911), p. 205.

The Diary of Humfrey Wanley 1715-1726, ed. by Cyril Ernest Wright and Ruth C. Wright, 2 vols (London: Bibliographical Society, 1966), I: 1715-1723, p. 138 n. 7.

Cyril Ernest Wright, Fontes Harleiani: A Study of the Sources of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1972), p. 254.

Judith H. Oliver, Gothic Manuscript Illumination in the Diocese of Liège (c. 1250 - c. 1330), Corpus of Illuminated Manuscripts from the Low Countries, 2-3, 2 vols (Leuven: Uitgverij Peeters, 1988), II, no. 21.

Andreas Bräm, 'Buchmalerei des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts in Frankreich, Flandern, Hennegau, Maasland und Lothringen: Literaturbericht 1970-1992, Teil II', Kunstchronik, 47 (1994), 73-96 (p. 78).

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), III: Belgium, 1250-1530, 2 parts, I, p. 63.

Jeroen Reyniers, 'Het reliekschrijn van Sint-Odilia (1292) onder de loep. Een nieuwe bijdrage aan de studie van het oudst gedateerde kunstwerk op hout uit de Lage Landen', Clairlieu: Tijdschrift Gewijd aan de Geschiedenis der Kruisheren, 72 (2014), 131-61 (p. 154).


Images
* * *
 
Annunciation and Nativity

f. 10v
Annunciation and Nativity
Adoration of the Magi and Christ entering Jerusalem

f. 11v
Adoration of the Magi and Christ entering Jerusalem
Crucifixion and holy women at the tomb

f. 12v
Crucifixion and holy women at the tomb
 
Christ's Ascension and Pentecost

f. 13v
Christ's Ascension and Pentecost
Coronation and the Dormition of the Virgin Mary

f. 14v
Coronation and the Dormition of the Virgin Mary
David harping

f. 15
David harping
 
Christ healing a blind man

f. 29
Christ healing a blind man
Flight into Egypt

f. 38
Flight into Egypt
Massacre of the Innocents

f. 46v
Massacre of the Innocents
 
The devil tempting Christ

f. 47
The devil tempting Christ
Jonah and the whale

f. 56
Jonah and the whale
Christ raising Lazarus

f. 67v
Christ raising Lazarus
 
Priests singing

f. 78v
Priests singing
Christ praying in Gethsemene

f. 80
Christ praying in Gethsemene
Trinity: God and Christ enthroned and the dove descending

f. 90v
Trinity: God and Christ enthroned and the dove descending
 
Doubting Thomas

f. 115
Doubting Thomas
Virgin and Child

f. 125
Virgin and Child
Lazarus and Dives

f. 157
Lazarus and Dives
 

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