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Detailed record for Additional 19416

Part 1 ff. 25-177v 
Title Book of Hours, use of Thérouanne ('Hours of Charles Le Clerc')
Origin Netherlands, S., (?Ghent)
Date 2nd quarter of the 15th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic cursive
Artists Jean Le Tavernier of Audenade, with some borders attributed to the Master of Guillebert de Mets (see Vanwijnsberghe and Verroken, Guillebert de Mets, 2017)
Decoration 38 framed miniatures in colours with gold, each with a full acanthus border, some with zoomorphic elements, including birds and hybrid creatures, or with the letter 'M' in gold (ff. 37v, 46v, 55, 59v, 62v, 65, 67v, 71v, 76v, 78v, 80v, 81v, 82v, 83v, 84v, 87v, 100v, 124, 125v, 126v, 128, 129, 130, 132, 133, 134, 135, 136, 137v, 138v, 139v, 140v, 142, 143, 144v, 145v 146v, 148v). 14 large framed initials with full acanthus border in colours with gold (ff. 38, 47, 68, 72, 77, 79, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 88, 101, 149), some with human figures or hybrid creatures. Initials in gold on rose and blue grounds with partial rinceau in colours with gold (e.g., ff. 29, 64). Numerous small initials in gold on rose and blue grounds (ff. 38v-177v). Line-fillers in gold, rose and blue. Rubrics and highlighting in red.
Dimensions in mm 115 x 80 (65 x 50)
 
Part 2 ff. 4-24, 178-189 
Title Notes, prayers, suffrages and family memorials added after 1505 for Charles Le Clerc
Origin Spain?
Date 1st half of the 16th century
Language Latin, Spanish
Script Humanistic cursive
Decoration A full-page miniature of the arms and motto of Charles le Clerc in colours on a red ground (f. 7). A full-page miniature in colours with gold, with 7 roundels, in a gold architectural frame (f. 8v). 4 full-page miniatures in colours with gold, of Charles le Clerc and his three wives before saints, with coats of arms, in scattergood borders incorporating butterflies, birds, flowers and fruit (ff. 178, 179, 180, 181).
Dimensions in mm 80 x 115
 
Official foliation ff. 197 (ff. 1-3 are paper flyleaves + 2 unfoliated parchment leaves after f. 123 and 1 after f. 177 + 4 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the beginning and 5 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red leather with gold tooling and porcelain clasps.
Provenance The suffrages contain saints of the diocese of Cambrai: Ghislain (f. 137v) and Adrien of Grammont (f. 132) and of Renaix (Ronse) in the Alost region, near Ghent: Hermes (f. 133) and the duo, Corneille and Cyprien (f. 134).
Some borders in the style of the Metz group contain the letter 'M', which may refer to the original owner (ff. 55, 59v, 65).
Charles Le Clerc ( (b. 1476, d. 1533) of Malines, chamberlain of Charles V: his family motto, 'Sperans timeo' (ff. 7, 178), he and his three wives are portrayed in miniatures added after 1505 (ff. 178 179, 180, 181), and notes relating to the family's history have been written on flyleaves (ff. 194-196v).
Anne de Borssele (b. c. 1417, d. 1518), wife of Phillip of Burgundy, her name inscribed on f, 125.
Added prayers, notes and family memorials, including those of Philip the Fair, d. 1506 (f. 194v-195) and Roland le Fèvre, sire of Tamise, d. 1521 (195v-196); a treatment for haemorrhages (f. 196), in Latin, French, and Spanish.
Dawson Turner (b. 1775, d. 1858), botanist and antiquary: in his sale, 18 March 1853, lot 1866; bought by the British Museum.
Frederick Charles Husenbeth (b. 1796, d. 1872), Catholic priest and writer: a note on the contents in his hand on flyleaves (ff. 1v-2): perhaps added by him while in Turner's library.
Bought by the British Museum from Messrs Boone, booksellers, 9 April, 1853
Notes ff. 37, 46, 75v-76v, 78, 80, 87, 123v 148, 184v-185v are blank. Flemish spelling of certain saints' names, e.g., 'Geertrudis' (17 March), Leonaerdi (6 November).
Borders on ff. 106-148 are in the style of Tavernier.Other borders are in the style of the Master of Guillebert de Mets.
Anne Annoke, Charles's third wife, was a member of a wealthy Ghent family.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1848-1853 (London: Trustees of the British Museum, 1868), p. 240.

Reinhard Strohm, Music in Late Medieval Bruges (Oxford : Clarendon, 1990), pp. 149, 255-56.

François Avril, 'Jean Le Tavernier : un nouveau livre d'heures', Revue de l'Art, 1,? (1999), 9-22.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours, (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 72, p. 87.

Dominique Vanwijnsberghe and Erik Verroken, 'Les Heures de Charles Le Clerc: une oeuvre méconnue de la jeunesse de Jean Le Tavernier, enlumineur de Philippe le Bon', Art de l'enluminure, 43 (2012-2013), 2-65.

A l'Escu de France: Guillebert de Mets et la peinture de livres a Gand a l'epoque de Jan van Eyck (1410-1450), ed. by Dominique Vanwijnsberghe and Erik Verroken, 2 vols (Brussels: IRPA, 2017), I, pp. 463-67, 474, 477, figs 10.116, 10.118, 10.120, 10.126, 10.150 passim, II, no 42.

The nomadic object: the challenge of world for early modern religious art, ed. by Christine Go¨ttler and Mia M. Mochizuki


Images

Part  1   ff. 25-177v
Book of Hours, use of Thérouanne ('Hours of Charles Le Clerc')
* * *
 
Upper binding

Upper binding
Upper binding
The Annunciation

f. 37v
The Annunciation
Hours of the Virgin

f. 38
Hours of the Virgin
 
The Visitation

f. 46v
The Visitation
Annunciation to the Shepherds

f. 55
Annunciation to the Shepherds
The Nativity

f. 59v
The Nativity
 
The Flight into Egypt

f. 67v
The Flight into Egypt
The Massacre of the Innocents

f. 71v
The Massacre of the Innocents
The Arrest

f. 76v
The Arrest
 
Christ before Pilate

f. 78v
Christ before Pilate
The Flagellation

f. 80v
The Flagellation
Christ Carrying the Cross

f. 81v
Christ Carrying the Cross
 
The Crucifixion

f. 82v
The Crucifixion
The Descent from the Cross

f. 83v
The Descent from the Cross
Lamentation

f. 84v
Lamentation
 
Christ in Majesty and the Last Judgment

f. 87v
Christ in Majesty and the Last Judgment
Virgin and Child

f. 100v
Virgin and Child
Sebastian

f. 124
Sebastian
 
John the Baptist

f. 125v
John the Baptist
Anthony

f. 126v
Anthony
Egidius

f. 128
Egidius
 
Hubert

f. 129
Hubert
Christopher

f. 130
Christopher
Adrian

f. 132r
Adrian
 
Hermes

f. 133r
Hermes
George

f. 135
George
John the Evangelist

f. 136
John the Evangelist
 
Ghislaine

f. 137v
Ghislaine
Peter

f. 138v
Peter
Beatrice

f. 139v
Beatrice
 
Mary of Egypt

f. 142
Mary of Egypt
Catherine

f. 143
Catherine
Margaret

f. 144v
Margaret
 
Mary Magdalene

f. 146v
Mary Magdalene
Monks and Priests Praying

f. 148v
Monks and Priests Praying

Part  2   ff. 4-24, 178-189
Notes, prayers, suffrages and family memorials added after 1505 for Charles Le Clerc
* * *
 
Arms

f. 7
Arms
Seven Sorrows of the Virgin

f. 8v
Seven Sorrows of the Virgin
Charles le Clerc

f. 178
Charles le Clerc
 
Woman praying

f. 179
Woman praying
Woman praying

f. 180
Woman praying
Woman Praying

f. 181
Woman Praying
 

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