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Detailed record for Royal 14 C III

Author Eusebius of Caesarea, translation by Jerome
Title Chronici canones
Origin Italy, Central (Rome)
Date c. 1485- c. 1488
Language Latin
Script Humanistic cursive
Scribe Bartolomeo Sanvito
Artists Attributed to Gaspare da Padova
Decoration 2 miniatures in colours and gold at the beginning of books (ff. 2, 119v), one with a full architectural border (f. 2). 1 full page colour-ink drawing of a stele (f. 17). 1 large colour-ink drawing of a cartouche (f. 138), and 22 smaller colour-ink drawings of cartouches (ff. 37, 49, 58v, 59v, 60, 64v, 74v, 76, 77v, 78, 79v, 80, 84v, 90v, 91v, 92v, 94, 101v, 102, 104, 114v, 117), with inscriptions in gold. Arcades in coloured ink over the chronology headings at the top of each page (ff. 17v-150). Faceted initials in gold and colours with rubrics in a two, three, four, or five-colour alternating sequence of gold, blue, green, red and purple (ff. 4, 6, 8, 9v).
Dimensions in mm 330 x 230 (200 x 145)
Official foliation ff. 150 (+ 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf attached to a modern paper flyleaf at the beginning and at the end, and 1 unfoliated parchment flyleaf at the end; f. 1 is an original parchment flyleaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal Library brown-leather binding; gilt edges.
Provenance Bernardo Bembo (b. 1433, d. 1519), humanist, governor successively of Ravenna, Bergamo, and Verona, and diplomat for the Venetian state: his arms (f. 2); perhaps commissioned by him during one of his three diplomatic journeys to Rome in 1485, 1487, 1488, and written for him by Bartolomeo Sanvito of Padua (b. c. 1435, d. 1512), a notary and calligrapher active at Padua and Rome, and his close friend.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The manuscript was written by Bartolomeo Sanvito of Padua (b. c. 1435, d. 1512), and decorated probably by Gaspare da Padova, the painter of the Homer's Iliad, Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica Vativana, Vat. Gr. 1626, commissioned by cardinal Francesco Gonzaga and left unfinished by his death, a payment for which was claimed by Gaspare in letters to the cardinal's executors (see Alexander 1995, p. 104). Both Bartolomeo Sanvito and Gaspare Gonzaga were members of the household of Cardinal Francesco Gonzaga from the 1460s to the cardinal's death in 1483.
The manuscript is one of four known volumes that Sanvito wrote for Bernardo Bembo, father of Pietro Bembo, who was an author and cardinal. Sanvito was apparently a close friend of Bernardo Bembo: see Kren 1983.
Bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 133.

J. Wardrop, The Script of Humanism. Some aspects of humanistic script, 1460-1560 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1963), pp. 24, 25, 29, 51.

Cecil H. Clough, 'Pietro Bembo's Library Represented in the British Museum', The British Museum Quarterly, 30 (1966), 3-17 (p. 15, n. 29).

[Derek Howard Turner], Illuminated Manuscripts exhibited in the Grenville Library (London, British Museum, 1967), no. 61.

G. Robertson, Giovanni Bellini (Oxford; Clarendon Press), pl. 36.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander and Albina C. de la Mare, The Italian Manuscripts in the Library of Major J. R. Abbey (London: Faber and Faber, 1969), pp. 104-10.

Jonathan J. G. Alexander, Italian Renaissance Illuminations (London : Chatto and Windus, 1977), pp. 64-67.

Dorothy Mahoney, The Craft of Calligraphy (London: Pelham Books, 1981), pl. on p. 82.

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hills Press, 1983), no. 13.

Albinia C. de la Mare, 'The Florentine scribes of Cardinal Giovanni of Aragona' in Il libro e il testo, atti del convegno internazionale, Urbino, 20-23 settembre 1982, ed. by C. Questa and R. Raffaelli (Urbino: Università delgi studi di Urbino, 1984), 245-93 (p. 287).

M. L. Evans, Bartolommeo Sanvito and Antique Motif', The British Library Journal, 11 (1985), 123-30 (pp. 123, 129, n. 1).

Nella Giannetto, Bernardo Bembo umanista e politico veneziano (Florence: Olschki, 1985), pp. 103 n. 50, 283, 294, 352.

Ulrike Bauer-Eberhardt, 'Lauro Padovano und Leonardo Bellini als Maler, Miniatoren und Zeichner', Pantheon: Internationale Jahreszeitschrift für Kunst, 47 (1989), 49-82 (p. 51, no 43).

The Painted Page: Italian Renaissance Book Illumination 1450-1550, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander (London: Prestel, 1994), pp. 155-56, no. 73.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 183.

Michelle P. Brown and Patricia Lovett, The Historical Source Book for Scribes (London: British Library, 1999), p. 34.

Dizionario biografico dei miniatori italiani: Secoli IX-XVI , ed. by Milvia Bollati (Milan: Sylvestre Bonnard, 2004), p. 256.

Massimo Danzi, La Biblioteca del Cardinal Pietro Bembo(Geneva: Droz, 2005), pp. 212, 338.

A. C. de la Mare and Laura Nuvoloni, Bartolomeo Sanvito: The Life and Work of a Renaissance Scribe, ed. by Anthony R.A. Hobson and Christopher de Hamel, (Whitsbury: The Handwriting of Italian Humanists, 2009), no. 87 [with additional bibliography].

Antonio Iacobini and Gennaro Toscano, 'More fraeco, more latino: Gaspare da Padova e la miniatura all'antica', in Mantegna a Roma. L'artista davanti all'antico, ed. by T. Calvano, C. Cieri Via and L. Ventura (Rome, 2010), pp. 125-90 (pp. 178-79).
Last revised: 22 September 2009


Images
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Jerome

f. 2
Jerome
Jerome

f. 2
Jerome
Border

f. 2
Border
 
Border

f. 2
Border
Faceted initial

f. 9v
Faceted initial
Text pages

ff. 55v-56
Text pages
 
Text page

f. 58v
Text page
Text page

f. 59v
Text page
Text pages

ff. 79v-80
Text pages
 
Text page

f. 84v
Text page
Text page

f. 91v
Text page
Text page

f. 94v
Text page
 
Text pages

ff. 101v-102
Text pages
Text page

f. 104
Text page
Text page

f. 114v
Text page
 
Nativity

f. 119v
Nativity
Nativity

f. 119v
Nativity
Cartouche

f. 138
Cartouche
 

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