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Detailed record for Additional 19587

Author Dante Alighieri
Title Divina Commedia
Origin Italy, S. (Naples)
Date c. 1370
Language Italian, Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration One historiated initial with full border with foliate and heraldic decoration (f. 61). 48 bas-de-page drawings in ink with colour-wash, some with gold, at the beginning of each canto (ff. 2, 3 ,4 ,8 ,9v, 11, 21, 22v, 24v, 26, 28, 29v, 31v, 33, 35, 36v, 38, 40, 42, 44, 45v, 47v, 49, 51,52v, 54v, 56, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 66v, 58, 69v, 73, 77, 78, 80v, 83, 85, 86v, 88, 89v, 92, 94, 97, 97v, 99v); ink drawings, unfinished (ff. 100v, 102v, 104, 106, 107v, 110, 111v, 113v, 115, 117). Large initials in gold on blue grounds with white and red penwork decoration. Rubrics in red. No decoration in the Paradiso text (ff. 119-177).
Dimensions in mm 365 x 245 (235 x 85)
Official foliation ff. 177 (+ 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 2 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. BM/BL in-house.
Provenance Two unidentified coats of arms on f. 61.
The Monforte family, Counts of Biseglia (Naples), entries of births and deaths in the family between 1449 and 1483 on the final verso (f. 177v).
Dr Edward Craven Hawtrey (b.1789, d. 1862), Provost of Eton: in his sale, Sotheby's, 4 June 1853, lot 591.
Notes Rubrics in Latin at the beginning of each canto. The style of the miniatures has been compared to the Hamilton Bible (Berlin, Kupferstichkabinett 78 E 3), the Ordre du St Esprit (Paris, BnF fr. 4274) and Cardinal Planisio's Bible, Vatican, Bibl. Apostolica, lat. 3550. The composition of the miniatures resembelw those in Florence, Laur. Strozz. 152. The colour-wash technique is similar to that used in Royal MS 20 D I, a Neapolitan copy of the Histoire Ancienne (Brieger, Meiss and Singleton, Illuminated manuscripts (1969)).
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1848-1853 (London: British Museum, 1868), p. 256-57.

Edward. Moore, Contributions to the Textual Criticism of the Divina Commedia (Cambridge, 1889), p. 591.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I, (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 44.

Fritz Saxl and Hans Meier, Catalogue of Astrological and Mythological Illuminated Manuscripts of the Latin Middle Ages, 4 vols (London: The Warburg Institute, 1953), III: Manuscripts in English Libraries, pp. 61-62.

D. G. Hughes 'Trecento Illustrations of the Divina Commedia.' Annual Report of the Dante Society 77 (1959), pp. 21-26.

Adelheid Heimann, 'A Twelfth-Century Manuscript from Winchcombe and its Illustrations: Dublin, Trinity College, Ms. 53', Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 28 (1965), 86-209 (p. 105).

Peter Brieger, Millard Meiss and C.S. Singleton. Illuminated Manuscripts of the Divine Comedy, 2 vols (London: Routledge, 1969), I, pp. 258-261, et passim.

Lucy Freeman Sandler, Gothic Manuscripts 1285-1385, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 5, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1986), I, pp. 23, 54, n. 41, II, p. 143.

Dorothy Gillerman, 'Dante's Earlier Readers: the Evidence ot the Illustrated Manuscripts', in The Divine Comedy and the Encyclopedia of arts and sciences : Papers of the International Dante symposium, ed. by Giuseppe Di Scipio and Aldo Scaglione (Amsterdam: J. Benjamins, 1988), pp. 65-80 (pp. 70, 80, figs 4 and 5).

Dante and the Franciscans: Poverty and the Papacy in the 'Commedia', ed. by Nick Havely (Boston: Brill, 2006), p. xiii.

The Virgilian tradition: The first fifteen hundred years, ed. by Jan M. Ziolkowski and Michael C.J. Putnam (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008), p. 449.


Images
* * *
 
The Gate of Hell

f. 4
The Gate of Hell
Minos judging; the carnal sinners

f. 8
Minos judging; the carnal sinners
Cerberus and the gluttonous

f. 9v
Cerberus and the gluttonous
 
Brunetto Latini; the rain of fire

f. 24v
Brunetto Latini; the rain of fire
Geryon and the usurers

f. 28
Geryon and the usurers
Sowers of discord; Bertrand de Born

f. 47v
Sowers of discord; Bertrand de Born
 
Ephialtes, Briareus and Antaeus

f. 52v
Ephialtes, Briareus and Antaeus
Dante and Virgil encounter Satan

f. 58
Dante and Virgil encounter Satan
Michal and David; Trajan and the widow

f. 77
Michal and David; Trajan and the widow
 
Omberto Aldobrandeschi and the proud

f. 77*
Omberto Aldobrandeschi and the proud
Text page

f. 77v
Text page
The seven candlesticks

f. 111v
The seven candlesticks
 

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