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Detailed record for Additional 18855

Part 1 ff. 1-107 
Title Book of Hours, use of Rome
Origin France (Tours)
Date between 1510 and 1525
Language Latin with French
Script Gothic cursive (Bastarda)
Artists Workshop of Jean Bourdichon
Decoration 15 full-page miniatures, in colours with architectural borders in gold with all'antica elements. Full or partial borders on every page, with trompe l'oeil decoration of flowers, fruit, berries and insects on gold grounds. Framed initials in gold on blue or red grounds. Paraphs and line-fillers in red, blue and gold. Rubrics in red.
Dimensions in mm 310 x 210 (175 x 100)
 
Part 2 ff. 108-109 
Title Two leaves from a calendar
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date late 1540s-early 1550s
Language N/A
Artists Simon Bening
Decoration Four miniatures from a cycle of calendar scenes, in colours with gold frames.
Dimensions in mm 150 x 100 mm
 
Official foliation ff.107 (+ ff.108 and 109, now kept separately)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Bibliophile binding of red velvet with silver clasps and gilt fore-edges.
Provenance Sir John Tobin (b. 1763, d. 1851), Liverpool shipping merchant, purchased by him from R. H. Evans, London bookseller in 1833 and given to his son, John Tobin, in 1838.
Reverend John Tobin (b. 1809) of Liscard Hall, near Brighton, sold by him to William Boone, London bookseller in 1851.
Purchased by the British Museum from William Boone, London bookseller, 2 February 1852, together with seven other manuscripts.
Notes Two leaves (ff.108 and 109) were probably added to the manuscript in the first half of the 19th century, but were removed in 1927 and are now kept separately (Add MS 18855/1)
Two further leaves from the same calendar series are in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London: Salting MS 2538 and 2600.
Select bibliography Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum, 1848-1853 (London: British Museum, 1868), p. 161.

Leopold Delisle, Les Grandes Heures de la Reine Anne de Bretagne et l’atelier de J. Bourdichon (1913), pp. 25-27.

R. Limousin, Jean Bourdichon (1954), p.94.

L.M.J. Delaissé, J. Marrow and J. de Wit, Illuminated Manuiscripts: The James A. de Rothschild Collection at Waddesdon Manor (1977), p. 430.

Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Mills, 1983), [the calendar miniatures] cat. 10, pp. 79-85.

François Avril and Nicole Reynaud, Les Manuscrits à Peintures en France 1440-1520 (Paris: Flammarion, 1993), p. 320 [exhibition catalogue].

Judith Anne Testa, 'Simon Bening and the Italian High Renaissance: Some Unexplored Sources', Oud Holland, 114.2 (2000), 107-24 (p. 120).

Illuminating the Renaissance: The Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe, ed. by Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick (Los Angeles: Getty Museum, 2003), [the calendar miniatures] cat. 159, pp. 483-84.

Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), cat. 137-38, pp. 152-53.

Edward Morris, 'Early Nineteenth-century Liverpool Collectors of Late Medieval Illuminated Manuscripts', in The Making of the Middle Ages, ed. by Marios Costambeys, Andrew Hamer and Martin Heale (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2007), 158-87 (p. 173).

Celia Fisher, The Medieval Flower Book (London: British Library, 2010), pp. 53, 124.


Images

Part  1   ff. 1-107
Book of Hours, use of Rome
* * *
 
St John on Patmos

f. 7v
St John on Patmos
Gospel of John

f. 8
Gospel of John
Luke

f. 9v
Luke
 
Gospel of Matthew

f. 12
Gospel of Matthew
Matthew

f. 13v
Matthew
Partial border

f. 19v
Partial border
 
Text page

f. 21
Text page
Flowers and insects

f. 31
Flowers and insects
Irises and a dragonfly.

f. 33
Irises and a dragonfly.
 
Dragonfly and caterpillar

f. 35
Dragonfly and caterpillar
Berries and insects

f. 43
Berries and insects
Flowers and insects

f. 51
Flowers and insects
 
Text page

f. 58v
Text page
Berries and insects

f. 63
Berries and insects
Flowers and a ladybird.

f. 65v
Flowers and a ladybird.
 
Flowers and insects

f. 67
Flowers and insects
Flowers and a caterpillar

f. 73
Flowers and a caterpillar
Flowers, fruit and an insect

f. 76
Flowers, fruit and an insect
 
A flower and a caterpillar

f. 94v
A flower and a caterpillar
Flowers and an insect

f. 96v
Flowers and an insect
Flowers, berries and insects

f. 103
Flowers, berries and insects
 
Flowers and insects

f. 107
Flowers and insects

Part  2   ff. 108-109
Two leaves from a calendar
* * *
 
Gardening and chopping a tree

f. 108
Gardening and chopping a tree
Hunting

f. 108v
Hunting
Sheep-shearing

f. 109
Sheep-shearing
 
Hay making

f. 109v
Hay making

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