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Detailed record for Royal 19 A XXII

Author Jean de Meun
Title Sept articles de la foy
Origin France, N. (Rouen)
Date c. 1440
Language French
Script Gothic cursive
Scribe L. Galet
Artists School of the Talbot Master (Scott 2007)
Decoration 8 full borders in colours and gold with rinceaux decoration, floral and foliate motifs, the added arms and Tudor rose emblems of king Henry VII, and miniatures in colours and gold of the Trinity (f. 1), the Nativity (f. 4v), the Baptism of Christ (f. 5), the Crucifixion (f. 6), the Harrowing of Hell (f. 14v), the Resurrection (f. 16), the Ascension (f. 21), and the Last Judgment (f. 26). The inscriptions on the scrolls in the borders were erased, and Tudor roses were painted over the original emblems of the Garter. 8 illuminated initials in colours and gold with vine motifs (f. 1, 4v, 5, 6v (with a partial border), 14v, 16, 21, 26). Small initials in gold with black penwork decoration or in blue with red penwork decoration. Line-fillers in red and blue. Capitals marked in yellow.
Dimensions in mm 290 x 200 (180 x 95)
Official foliation ff. 31 (+ 4 unfoliated paper and 1 parchment flyleaves at the beginning and at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather; marbled endpapers; gilt fore-edges.
Provenance L. Galet: inscribed, 'Explicit le codicile de maistre Jehan de meun, L. Galet' (f. 31v).
Richard Woodville (Wydeville), (d. 1469), 1st earl Rivers, knight of the Garter (1450), husband of Jacquetta of Luxembourg (widow of John, duke of Bedford): his erased ownership inscription (f. 31v); emblem of the Garter (see offsets (ff. [v], 15, 15v, 20v, 25v).
Henry VII (b. 1457, d. 1509), king of England and lord of Ireland from 1485: added portrait (f. 1); his added arms and Tudor rose emblems, the latter painted over representations of the Garter (ff. 1, 4v, 5, 6, 14v, 16, 21, 26).
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes 1 ruled parchment leaf after f. 31.
For other copies of this text, see Royal 19 B XII (art. 4), 19 C XI (art. 4), Harley 3199, Lansdowne 214 (imperfect), and Egerton 940.
The manuscript seems to have been made for an unidentified English Knight of the Garter based in Rouen whose name once appeared in an inscription (now erased) at the end of the volume (f. 31v). When the volume was acquired by Henry VII, his portriat was added to the image of the Trinity (f. 1). See Scott 2007 and Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 37 [exhibition catalogue].
Select bibliography George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 323.

Mary Hamel, 'Arthurian romance in Fifteenth-Century Lindsey: The Books of the Lords Welles', Modern Language Quarterly, 51 (1990) 341-61 (p. 356, n. 60)

Janet Backhouse, 'Illuminated Manuscripts Associated with Henry VII and Members of his Immediate Family', in The Reign of Henry VII: Proceedings of the 1993 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Benjamin Thompson (Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1995), pp. 175-87 (p. 180, pl. 50).

Kathleen L. Scott, 'Manuscripts for Henry VII, his Household and Family', in The Cambridge Illuminations: The Conference Papers, ed. by Stella Panayotova (London: Harvey Miller, 2007), pp. 279-86 (p. 281).

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 37 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 18 September 2009


Images
* * *
 
Offset of Trinity

f. *v
Offset of Trinity
Trinity

f. 1
Trinity
Trinity

f. 1
Trinity
 
Nativity

f. 4v
Nativity
Baptism of Christ

f. 5
Baptism of Christ
Crucifixion

f. 6
Crucifixion
 
Harrowing of Hell

f. 14v
Harrowing of Hell
Resurrection

f. 16
Resurrection
Resurrection

f. 16
Resurrection
 
Order of the Garter

f. 16
Order of the Garter
Ascension of Christ

f. 21
Ascension of Christ
Ascension of Christ

f. 21
Ascension of Christ
 
Royal arms

f. 21
Royal arms

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