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Detailed record for Harley 2999

Title Book of Hours, Use of Toul
Origin France, N. E. (Toul)
Date c. 1480 - c. 1485
Language Latin, calendar and some rubrics in French
Script Gothic
Decoration 14 large miniatures with large initials mostly in gold on red and blue grounds, in colours and gold (ff. 23, 31, 38v, 43, 46, 49, 52, 57, 61v, 62, 67v, 72, 102, 118). 4 small miniatures, in colours and gold (ff. 18, 19, 20v, 21v). 1 large decorated initial, in colours and gold, at the beginning of a prayer (f. 15). KL letters and the domincal letters A at the beginning of the calendar in blue on gold grounds (f. 3). A few small initials (1-2 lines) in red with brown pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Small initials (1-2 lines) in plain red or blue. Capital letters highlighted in yellow.
Dimensions in mm 220 x 155 (105 x 80)
Official foliation ff. 149 (ff. 1 and 149 are paper flyleaves pasted to medieval parchment flyleaves, and ff. 2 and 148 are medieval parchment flyeaves; + 1 paper flyleaf at the beginning and 1 at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding BM/BL in-house. Diced brown calf; gilt spine; gilt edges.
Provenance Written for a woman, suggested by the feminine form 'michi peccatrici' (f. 75v, cf. f. 88).
Ramberviller family, late 16th century: fine inscriptions record the birth of their children, Alphonse (1591), Louys (1593), Claire (1596), and Jean-Nicolas (1599), mentioning the names of the Godparents (ff. 147v-148); an added drawing (f. 149) is signed 'ADR', and the initials are also added in gold in the margin of f. 49.
Inscribed, 17th century: 'Ex libris Joan. Bapt. Le Brun des Marettes.' (f. 1v).
Inscribed, 18th century: 'Ce livre apartient a ...ilde cl... ... ... ...atis de vinc... Jour de ... 1711(?)' (f. 148, erased).
The Harley Collection, formed by Robert Harley (b. 1661, d. 1724), 1st earl of Oxford and Mortimer, politician, and Edward Harley (b. 1689, d. 1741), 2nd earl of Oxford and Mortimer, book collector and patron of the arts, inscribed as usual by their librarian, Humfrey Wanley '13 die mensis Augusti, A.D. 1724.' (f. 2). Edward Harley bequeathed the library to his widow, Henrietta Cavendish, née Holles (b. 1694, d. 1755) during her lifetime and thereafter to their daughter, Margaret Cavendish Bentinck (b. 1715, d.1785), duchess of Portland; the manuscripts were sold by the Countess and the Duchess in 1753 to the nation for £10,000 (a fraction of their contemporary value) under the Act of Parliament that also established the British Museum; the Harley manuscripts form one of the foundation collections of the British Library.
Notes f. 21 should follow f. 17.
Select bibliography A Catalogue of the Harleian Manuscripts in the British Museum, 4 vols (London: [n. pub.], 1808-12), II, no. 2999.

Walter de Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Illustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 18.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), p. 14 [frontispiece].


Images
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Annunciation

f. 23
Annunciation
Arms of the Passion and Crucifixion

f. 61v
Arms of the Passion and Crucifixion

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