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Detailed record for Additional 18719

Title Bible moralisée
Origin England, S. (Westminster or London)
Date 4th quarter of the 13th century
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 4,973 framed ink drawings in series of eight, some partially coloured. Small initials in blue with penwork decoration in red at the beginning of each rubric.
Dimensions in mm 410 x 295 (280 x 220)
Official foliation ff. 311 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves and the beginning and 10 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Gold-tooled red leather; gilt fore-edge.
Provenance Perhaps made for a king or queen of France, possibly Marguerite of Provence (d. 1295) (see Lowden (2000), I, p. 216).
May have been given by Marguerite or her sister Eleanor of Provence to Henry III (see Lowden (2000) I, p. 216).
In Paris by the 1350s, when it was copied for a manuscript for John II (b. 1319, d. 1364), King of France ('John the Good').
Documents apparently relating to the binding in between 1351 and 1352 are described in Lowden (2000), I, p. 218.
The Dominican nuns at Saint-Louis de Poissy, second half of the 14th century: inscription on f. 1; perhaps given to them by John II, King of France ('John the Good').
Docteur Demons, by 1839, when it was copied lithographically by Comte Auguste Bastard d'Estang.
Purchased by the British Museum from M. Charles Mathieu, an assistant of Bastard d'Estang, 12 July 1851 (see Lowden (2000), I, pp. 218-19).
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.
The only Bible moralisée to be made in England, Additional 18719 is a copy of the Oxford-Paris-London Bible moralisée, a section of which is now Harley 1526 and Harley 1527. It was in turn the basis of Paris, Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS fr. 167 copied in c.1350 for John II, King of France ('John the Good').
Manufacturing aids including notes for the illuminator, quire numbering and quire signatures.
Select bibliography Walter De Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 7.

[Sir George F. Warner], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 3 (London: British Museum, 1925), pl. XVIII.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), V: Carolingian and French to early 14th century (1926), pl. 12.

M.W. Evans, Medieval Drawings (London, New York, Sydney and Toronto: Hamlyn, 1969), no. 112, 113.

Richard Kenneth Emmerson and Suzanne Lewis, 'Census and Bibliography of Medieval Manuscripts containing Apocalypse Illustrations, ca. 800-1500 III', Traditio: Studies in Ancient and Medieval History, Thought and Religion, 42 (1986), 443-72, no. 153.

Gerhard Dohrn-van Rossum, History of the Hour: Clocks and Modern Temporal Orders, trans. by Thomas Dunlap (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1996), p. 367.

John Lowden, The Making of the 'Bibles Moralisées', 2 vols (University Park, PA, 2000), esp. I, ch. 6 [includes full bibliography].

Nigel Morgan, ‘French Interpretations of English Apocalpyses’, in England and the Continent in the Middle Ages: Studies in Memory of Andrew Martindale, Proceedings of the 1996 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by John Mitchell and Matthew Moran, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 8 (Stamford: Shaun Tyas, 2000), pp. 137-56 (p. 139).

John Lowden, 'The Apocalypse in the Early-Thirteenth-Century Bibles Moralisées: A Re-Assessment', in Prophecy, Apocalypse and the Day of Doom, Proceedings of the 2000 Harlaxton Symposium, ed. by Nigel Morgan, Harlaxton Medieval Studies, 12 (Donington: Shaun Tyas, 2004), pp. 195-217 (pp. 198-99).

Robin S. Oggins, The Kings and their Hawks: Falconry in Medieval England (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004), pp. 194, 200.

John Lowden, ‘The Holkham Bible Picture Book and the Bible Moralisée’, in The Medieval Book: Glosses from Friends and Colleagues of Christopher de Hamel, ed. by James H. Marrow, Richard A. Linenthal, and William Noel (Houten, 2010), pp. 75-83 (p. 79).

The Practice of the Bible in the Middle Ages, ed. by Susan Boynton and Diane J. Reilly (New York: Columbia University Press, 2011), p. 313.

John Sabapathy, Officers and Accountability in Medieval England, 1170-1300 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), pp. 107, 161, 253-55.


Images
* * *
 
Opening page of Genesis

f. 1
Opening page of Genesis
Genesis

f. 7v
Genesis
Genesis

f. 8
Genesis
 
Exodus

f. 24v
Exodus
Hezekiah and  Water Clock

f. 92
Hezekiah and Water Clock
Maccabees

f. 228
Maccabees
 
Maccabees

f. 239
Maccabees
The Gospels

f. 246
The Gospels
Epistles

f. 292v
Epistles
 

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