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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Royal 19 C II

Author Laurent d'Orleans
Title La somme le roi, with Gospels and the Complainte de Notre Dame
Origin France, Central (Paris)
Date 2nd quarter of the 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Artists Montbaston Master
Decoration 1 large (f. 1) and 23 one-column miniatures in colours and gold, at the beginning of books (ff. 3v, 5, 16v, 26v, 38, 46, 48v, 49, 49v, 50, 52, 57, 59v, 64v, 73v, 85v, 100, 108, 139, 160, 197, 223v). Foliate initials in colours and gold with marginal extensions forming partial borders, at the beginning of major text divisions. Initials in gold with purple pen-flourishing, or in blue with red pen-flourishing. Paraphs in red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 315 x 220 (225 x 150)
Official foliation ff. 227 (+ 3 unfoliated modern paper flyleaves and 1 unfoliated medieval parchment flyleaf at the beginning and at the end; 1 blank leaf after f. 107)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Royal library binding of brown leather with the royal arms and a date of 1757.
Provenance The Old Royal Library (the English Royal Library): Westminster inventory number 'no. 1404' (f. 1), included in the Upper Library at Westminster after 1542; and in the catalogue of 1666, Royal Appendix 71, f. 11.
Presented to the British Museum by George II in 1757 as part of the Old Royal Library.
Notes Includes the Somme le roi, a manual of moral instruction, composed in 1279-80, at the request of King Philip III of France (1270-1285) by Laurent d'Orleans, the king's confessor (ff. 1-107), Gospels in French (ff. 108-223), and the Complainte de Notre Dame (ff. 223v-227v).
According to Rouse 2000, written by two scribes (I: ff. 1-107; II: ff. 108-227v), and illuminated by two artists. One of them can be identified with the illuminator of Golden Legend, which includes a mention of the Parisian libraire Richard de Montbaston (Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, fr. 241) (quires 2, 4-8, 10, 12, 13, 15, 18, 21, 26, 28).
Catchwords and bifolium signatures.
Select bibliography Samuel Berger, La bible française au moyen âge (Paris: Champion, 1884), pp. 390-91.

George F. Warner and Julius P. Gilson, Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Old Royal and King’s Collections, 4 vols (London: British Museum, 1921), II, p. 333.

Alison Stones, 'The Stylistic Context of the Roman de Fauvel, with a Note on Fauvain', in Fauvel Studies: Allegory, Chronicle, Music, and Image in Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, MS français 146, ed. by Margaret Bent and Andrew Wathey (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998), 529-67 (p. 545).

Richard H. Rouse and Mary A. Rouse, Manuscripts and Their Makers: Commercial Book Producers in Medieval Paris 1200-1500, 2 vols (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2000), I, pp. 170, 258, 393 n. 145; II, App. 9A.

The Libraries of King Henry VIII, ed. by J. P. Carley, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 7 (London: The British Library, 2000), H2.1404.

La Somme le roi par Frère Laurent, ed. by E. Brayer and A.-F. Leuroquin-Labie (Paris: Paillart 2008), p. 493.

Royal Manuscripts: The Genius of Illumination (London: British Library, 2011), no. 66 [exhibition catalogue].
Last revised: 09 May 2011


Images
* * *
 
Moses

f. 1
Moses
Moses

f. 1
Moses
Apostles composing the creed

f. 3v
Apostles composing the creed
 
Apostles composing the creed

f. 3v
Apostles composing the creed
Seven-headed beast trampling on a saint

f. 5
Seven-headed beast trampling on a saint
Seven-headed beast trampling on a saint

f. 5
Seven-headed beast trampling on a saint
 
Avarice

f. 16v
Avarice
Last Judgement

f. 26v
Last Judgement
Teaching of the Lord's prayer

f. 38
Teaching of the Lord's prayer
 
Christ and Apostles

f. 46
Christ and Apostles
Prudence

f. 48v
Prudence
Prudence

f. 48v
Prudence
 
Temperance and Fortitude

f. 49
Temperance and Fortitude
Temperance

f. 49
Temperance
Fortitude

f. 49
Fortitude
 
Justice

f. 49v
Justice
Sinner and Hypocrite

f. 50
Sinner and Hypocrite
Humility and Pride

f. 52
Humility and Pride
 
Friendship and Elijah

f. 57
Friendship and Elijah
Friendship

f. 59v
Friendship
Saul

f. 64v
Saul
 
Lot

f. 73v
Lot
Luxury and Chastity

f. 85v
Luxury and Chastity
Dives at table

f. 100
Dives at table
 
Mark and John

f. 108
Mark and John
Matthew

f. 139
Matthew
Luke

f. 160
Luke
 
John the Evangelist and John the Baptist

f. 197
John the Evangelist and John the Baptist
Crucifixion

f. 223v
Crucifixion

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