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 Detail from the Roman de la Rose
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Detailed record for Additional 36615

Part 1 ff.1v-281v 
Author Godefroy de Boulogne
Title Le Roman de Godefroy de Bouillon (Le Chevalier au Cygne), imperfect.
Origin France
Date 14th century
Language French
Script Gothic
Decoration Small initials in red or blue.
Dimensions in mm 260 x 190 (210 x 150)
Part 2  
Title Ivory panel inserted in the upper cover
Origin France
Date 14th century
Decoration Fragment probably originally from a casket with scenes from Arthurian romance:
Gawain in armour fighting the lion; Lancelot, driven by his love for Guinevere, crossing the sword bridge while spears and darts fall on him from the sky; Gawain, at the Castle of Merveille, sleeping with his own sword on the perilous bed; and the three maidens at the Castle of Merveille.
Dimensions in mm 190 x 75
Official foliation ff. 281 (+ 1 unfoliated modern parchment leaf at the beginning and at the end).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Leathers cover with coloured heraldic shield and stamps, late eighteenth or nineteenth century.
Provenance Jehan Fagot, 'A moi Jehan Fagot cest liber est bon, avec page de cursive': inscribed (f. 83).
Jean-Baptiste Joseph Barrois (b. 1784, d. 1855), French deputy and book collector (see Hugh Collingham, 'Joseph Barrois: Portrait of a Bibliophile XXVI', Book Collector, 33 (1984), 431-48).
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham: acquired with the other Barrois manuscripts in 1849 (Bibliotèque de l'École des chartes, 2e série, II, pp. 193-264).
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: sold in the Ashburnham-Barrois sale, 10 June 1901, lot 238; purchased by the British Museum for £99 (inscription f. [i]).
Notes The first page is stained and partly illegible, especially at the top.
The first eight leaves are wrongly bound: the order should be ff. 1, 2, 5-8, 3, 4. Then comes a lacuna, probably of twenty leaves. After f. 82 is another lacuna, apparently of three leaves; f. 83 is inserted, but is a little later than the original. Only a little over a column of this leaf is occupied by the text (which is continued on f. 84).
f. 83v includes an added charm against illness, in French prose, beginning, "Auxci verrament come Dieux fust est et serra" and consisting mainly of a paraphrase of the Apostles Creed.
ff. 92-96 are inserted leaves (the text running on from f. 91v to f. 97), containing the episode of the Serpent's Mother, which does not appear to be in "Les Chétifs".
Select bibliography Catalogue of the Manuscripts at Ashburnham Palace 1853 (London: Charles Francis Hodgson, 1878), no. B.14.

Catalogue des Manuscrits des Fonds Libri et Barrois ed. by Léopold Delisle (Paris: Champion, 1888), p. xli.

Ormonde M. Dalton, Catalogue of the Ivory Carvings of the Christian Era in the British Museum (London: British Museum, 1909), p. 370, pl. lxxxvii.

Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum 1900-1905 (London: British Museum, 1907), pp. 157-59.

Suzanne Duparc-Quioc,La Chanson d'Antioche, 2 vols (Paris: 1977-78) Éude critique, II, 63-66.

Suzanne Duparc-Quioc, 'Les Poèmes du 2e cycle de la croisade: problèmes de composition et chronologie' Revue d'Histoire des Textes Revue d'Histoire des Textes, 9 (1979), 141-81.

R. F. Cook and Peter R. Grillo 'Un Manuscrit composite de cycle épique: le cycle de la Croisade dans le manuscrit de Londres', Revue d'Histoire des Textes, 8 (1978), 223-46.

The Old French Crusade Cycle, 10 vols (Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1977-2003), II (1985) 'Le Chevalier au Cygne' and 'La Fin d'Elias' ed. by Jan A. Nelson, pp. xxix-xx, xxviii, 119-34.

Peter R. Grillo 'The 'Fin de Robert de Normandie' episode in London, British Library, MS Add. 36615', Medium Ævum, 61 (1992), 35-46.

The Old French Crusade Cycle, 10 vols (Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1977-2003), VI, (1992) La Chanson de Jérusalem, ed. by Nigel Thorp, p. 12.

The Old French Crusade Cycle, 10 vols (Alabama: University of Alabama Press, 1977-2003) ,VIII (1994), The Jérusalem Continuations: The London-Turin Version, ed. by Peter R. Grillo [with additional bibliography].

Arthurian Literature 25, ed. by Elizabeth Archibald and David F. Johnson (Cambridge: Brewer 2008), p. 151, fig. 135.

The Chanson d' Antioche: An Old French Account of the First Crusade, Crusade Text in Translation, 22, trans. by Susan B. Edginton and Carlo Sweetenham (Farnham: Ashgate, 2011), pp. 36-38.


Part  2  
Ivory panel inserted in the upper cover
* * *
Ivory panel

upper outside cover
Ivory panel

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