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Detailed record for Additional 17868

Title Psalter, Use of Scandinavia (the 'London Psalter' or 'Scandinavian Psalter')
Origin France, Central (?Paris or Reims)
Date c. 1250-1260
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Decoration 18 full-page prefatory miniatures illustrating the Life of Christ, in colours on gold grounds in rose, blue and gold frames, some in two compartments (ff. 14v, 15, 16v, 17, 18v, 19, 20v, 21, 22v, 23, 24v, 25, 26v, 27, 28v, 29, 30v, 31. 23 roundels in colours on gold grounds in the calendar (ff. 1v-13). Historiated initials in colours and gold at the major Psalm divisions (but not Psalms 51 or 101), with display script in colours (ff. 32, 55v, 69v, 110v, 127, 143). Partial borders and marginal decoration on every page of the Psalter (ff. 32-196v), including human figures and hybrid creatures, some with hunting weapons or musical instruments, animals and birds, in colours and gold. Numerous decorated initials, some with human figures or zoomorphic decoration, in colours and gold. Line-fillers with hybrids and zoomorphic decoration in colours and gold. Script in gold in the calendar.
Dimensions in mm 210 x 145 (140 x 95)
Official foliation ff. 197 (+ 2 unfoliated paper flyleaves and 2 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning, 8 paper leaves inserted between folios with miniatures, and 3 unfoliated paper flyleaves at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Black leather with gold tooling and gilt fore-edges
Provenance The Calendar includes Scandinavian saints, Canute and Olaf, and English saints, including Cuthbert, Alphege and Botulph, that are found in a Psalter for Danish use (the 'Suneson Psalter', Egerton MS 2652).

Bought by the British Museum from Henry Bohn, bookseller of Covent Garden and brother of James Bohn, translator and publisher, 18 August 1849.
Notes The roundel of the labour of the month for May has been excised (f. 5v).
A note written on a flyleaf (f. [iv]) by Sir Frederic Madden, Keeper of Manuscripts at the British Museum (1837-1866): 'When purchased this volume was bound in old red morocco, much soiled and wormed'.
Attributed by Branner (Reign of Saint Louis, 1977) to the 'Bari atelier', a workshop in Paris or Reims named after a Gradual of c. 1250, now Bari, San Nicola MS.
Select bibliography Walter De Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 6.

George Warner, Illuminated Manuscripts (London, 1903), pl. 25.

[George Warner], Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series I, (London: British Museum, 1907), pl. 20.

[J. A. Herbert], British Museum: Reproductions from Illuminated Manuscripts, Series 1, 3rd edn (London: British Museum, 1923), pl. xx.

Schools of Illumination: Reproductions from Manuscripts in the British Museum, 6 vols (London: British Museum, 1914-1930), V: Carolingian and French to early 14th century (1926), p. 9, pls 8 a- b.

Günther Haseloff, Die Psalterillustration im 13. Jahrhundert: Studien zur Geschichte der Buchmalerei in England, Frankreich und den Niederlanden ([n.p.]:[n.pub.], 1938), p. 58.

Robert Branner, Manuscript Painting in Paris During the Reign of Saint Louis: A Study of Styles (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1977), pp. 105, 106, 229.

Alison Stones, 'The Illustrated Chretien Manuscripts and their Artistic Content' in Les Manuscrits de Chre´tien de Troyes, ed. by Keith Busby and others (Amsterdam: Rodopi, 1993), pp. 227-322 (pp. 235-36).

Lilian M. C. Randall and others, Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the Walters Art Gallery, 3 vols (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1989-1997), I: France, 875-1420, nos. 29, 41.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in The British Library (London: British Library, 1997), no. 62.

John Higgitt, The Murthly Hours: Devotion, Literacy and Luxury in Paris, England and the Gaelic West (London: British Library, 2000), p. 99.

Debra Higgs Strickland, Saracens, Demons, & Jews: Making Monsters in Medieval Art (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2003), fig. 61.

'Un Psautier parisien du temps de saint Louis', L'art de l'Enluminure, 44, (2013), 1-69.

'Magic and Science: Astronomy and Astrology: Constellations: Zodiac', in the Warburg Institute Iconographic Database, ed. by Berthold Kress at https://iconographic.warburg.sas.ac.uk/vpc/VPC_search/subcats.php?cat_1=9&cat_2=71&cat_3=32&cat_4=41&cat_5=54&cat_6=369&cat_7=2149&cat_8=735 [accessed 14 May 2019].


Images
* * *
 
The Annunciation

f. 14v
The Annunciation
The Nativity

f. 16v
The Nativity
The Adoration of the Magi

f.17
The Adoration of the Magi
 
The Presentation in the Temple

f. 18v
The Presentation in the Temple
Flight to Egypt

f. 19
Flight to Egypt
Entry to Jerusalem

f. 22v
Entry to Jerusalem
 
The Crucifixion

f. 26v
The Crucifixion
Judgement and Heaven

f. 30v
Judgement and Heaven
The Virgin and Child; souls in Hell

f. 31
The Virgin and Child; souls in Hell
 
David

f. 32
David
Zoomorphic initial and border

f. 32v
Zoomorphic initial and border
Zoomorphic initial

f. 49v
Zoomorphic initial
 
Decorated initial

f. 50
Decorated initial
Hunting a bird

f. 86
Hunting a bird
Text page

f. 100v
Text page
 

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