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Detailed record for Additional 11850

Title The Four Gospels (the Préaux Gospels) preceded by the Prologues of Jerome and Pseudo-Jerome, Eusebius, Epistle to Carpianus and the Eusebian Canon tables
Origin France, N. W., Normandy (Préaux)
Date 4th quarter of the 11th century
Language Latin
Script Caroline minuscule
Decoration Canon tables in gold and colours, with seated figures, animal, dragons and foliate decoration (ff. 10-16). 4 full-page miniatures of the Evangelists in colours and gold, in rectangular decorated frames (ff. 17v, 61v, 91v, 138v). 4 full or half-page initials in colours and gold with figures and animals at the beginning of the Gospels (ff. 18, 62, 92, 139). Large initials in gold and colours, with foliate decoration, some with animal heads, at the beginning of prefatory material (f. 2v, 4, 4v, 6, 7, 59, 88, 136). Full-page incipit pages with display capitals in blue, red and green (ff. 17, 61, 91, 138). Initials in gold, some with highlighting in red or blue. Numerals in red. Highlighting of letters in red or green.
Dimensions in mm 275 x 185 (185 x 110)
Official foliation ff. 169 (f. 1 is a modern parchment flyleaf + 1 unfoliated parchment leaf after f. 16 + 3 unfoliated parchment leaves at the end + 1 unfoliated modern parchment leaf)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Bibliotheca Butleriana binding, white leather, gold tooling and coat of arms.
Provenance Provenance:The Benedictine abbey of Saint-Pierre de Préaux, Les Préaux: (see Avril, La France romane (2005)).
Added, early 19th-century description of the manuscript in Latin and English on paper (pasted onto f. 1).
Added, printed modern extract in French from an unidentified sale catalogue (pasted onto f. 1).
Samuel Butler (b. 1774, d. 1839), headmaster and bishop of Coventry and Lichfield: his arms (front cover); his sale, 1 June, 1840, lot. 457 (sale aborted).
Reverend Thomas Butler (b. 1806, d. 1886), Samuel Butler's son, clergyman and naturalist, bought from him by the British Museum on 5 July 1841.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at http://www.bl.uk/manuscripts.The same artist also illuminated three other manuscripts from Préaux: Paris, BnF MS lat. 2127; Paris, BnF MS lat. 12229 and Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale MS 498, according to Avril, La France romane (2005), p. 133.
Select bibliography Walter De Gray Birch and Henry Jenner, Early Drawings and Illuminations: An Introduction to the Study of Ilustrated Manuscripts (London: Bagster and Sons, 1879), p. 5.

Wilhelm Köhler, 'Die Karolingishen Miniaturen', in Zweiten Bericht über die Denkmäler Deutscher Kunst (Berlin: Reimer, 1912), pp. 52-77 (p. 59).

H. H. Glunz, History of the Vulgate in England from Alcuin to Roger Bacon (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1933), no. 30.

D. Talbot Rice, English Art 871-1100 (Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1952), pp. 214, 223, pl. 77v.

T. S. R. Boase, English Art 1100-1216, Oxford History of English Art, 2 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957), pp. 29, 51.

C. R. Dodwell, Painting in Europe: 800 to 1200 (London : Penguin Books, 1971), p. 88, pl. 108.

C. M. Kauffmann, Romanesque Manuscripts 1066-1190 Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 3 (London: Harvey Miller, 1975), p. 19, fig. 7.

Elzbieta Temple, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts 900-1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 2 (London: Harvey Miller, 1976), p. 29.

Wiliam M. Hinkle, 'A Mounted Evangelist in a Twelfth-Century Gospel Book at Sees, Aachener Kunstblatter, 44 (1973), 193-20 (pp. 198-9, figs 7-8).

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Manuscript (Oxford: Phaidon, 1979), pl. 9.

The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art 966-1066, ed. by Janet Backhouse, D. H. Turner, and Leslie Webster (London: British Museum, 1984), no. 261 [exhibition catalogue].

Hartmut Hoffmann, Buchkunst und Königtum im ottonischen und frühsalischen Reich , 2 vols, Schriften der Monumenta Germaniae Historica, 30 (Stuttgart: Hiersemann, 1986) I, 100 n. 18.

Michelle Brown, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts (London: British Library, 1991), p.

Janet Backhouse, The Illuminated Page: Ten Centuries of Manuscript Painting in the British Library (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1997), no. 20.

Richard Gameson, ‘’Hugo Pictor enlumineur normand’, Cahiers de civilization médiévale, 44 (2001), 121-38 (p. 125 n. 13).

Richard Gameson, 'La Normandie et l'Angleterre au Xie siècle: Le temoignage des manuscrits', in La Normandie et l'Angleterre au Moyen A^ge, Colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle, 4-7 octobre 2001, ed by. Pierre Bouet and Véronique Gazeau (Caen: CRAHM, 2003), pp. 129-59 (p. 144, pl. 9).

La France romane au temps des premiers capétiens, 987-1152: Paris, musée du Louvre, 10 mars-6 juin 2005, ed. by François Avril, Xavier Barral i Altet and others (Paris: Hazan, 2005), p. 330.

Scot McKendrick and Kathleen Doyle, Bible Manuscripts: 1400 Years of Scribes and Scripture (London: British Library, 2007), p. 77, fig. 64.
Last revised: 24 October 2018


Images
* * *
 
Canon tables

f. 12v
Canon tables
Matthew

f. 17v
Matthew
Decorated initial

f. 18
Decorated initial
 
Text page

f. 19
Text page
Mark

f. 61v
Mark
Inhabited initial

f. 62
Inhabited initial
 
Luke

f. 91v
Luke
Inhabited initial

f. 92
Inhabited initial
Display capitals

f. 138
Display capitals
 
John

f. 138v
John

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