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Detailed record for Egerton 3776

Author Jerome
Title Commentaries on Isaiah and Ezechiel
Origin England, S. (Bury St. Edmunds?)
Date 2nd or 3rd quarter of the 12th century
Language Latin
Script Protogothic
Decoration Large initial in colours with foliage decoration inhabited by a bird (f. 3). Large initial in red with blue and red penwork decoration at the beginning of the prologue to Ezechiel (f. 90). Words in red, green, or blue. 6 large initials in red at the beginning of some other books, some with penwork decoration (ff. 16, 32v, 47v, 62, 76, 112v). Initial in green with red penwork decoration (f. 147). Smaller iInitials in red, green, or brown.
Dimensions in mm 350 x 250 (260 x 170) in two columns
Official foliation ff. iv +161 (f. 161 is a pastedown)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Pre-1600. See Notes.
Provenance The Benedictine abbey of St Edmund, Bury St Edmunds: number xxxiii in the late 12th-early 13th-century catalogue of the Abbey's library in Pembroke College, Cambridge, MS. 47: the Abbey's class- or press-mark, 'J.7' with the title, in Lombardic capitals (on the spine), and the press-mark also f. i; and a note on the contents, beginning 'Liber sancti edmundi in quo continentur', c. 1375 (f. 1).
? Possibly notes of 'the librarian', John of Boston 'Boston Buriensis', a monk of Bury St Edmunds (said to have fl. c. 1410) (ff. 1, 159); early 15th-century inscription 'Johannes Bury' (f. 1 and f. iii (the back cover)), .
? Sir Nicholas Bacon, the Lord Keeper: Redgrave Manor belonged to the Abbey of Bury St Edmunds, but after the dissolution of the monasteries passed to Bacon. The Manor was sold by his descendant, Sir Robert Bacon, to Sir John Holt, the Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench (b. 1642, d. 1710), and came to Holt Wilson through intermarriage.
George Holt Wilson, of Redgrave Hall, Suffolk: sale at Sotheby's, London, of 'Ancient Illuminated and other Manuscripts', 21 July 1910, lot 158, bought by Quaritch for 101.
Bernard Quaritch, Ltd: its catalogue no. 312 (1921), no. 392; bought by Millar.
Eric George Millar (b. 1887, d. 1966), librarian: his foliation and book-label (f. iv).
Bought in 1965 by the British Museum, using the Bridgewater fund (12,000 bequeathed in 1829 by Francis Henry Egerton, 8th Earl of Bridgewater (b. 1756, d. 1829).
Notes Medieval binding of whittawed leather over oak boards with a flat spine and two projecting flaps, at the top and bottom, lined with contemporary woven material, a type common at Bury St Edmunds. See Rouse, p. 486. Fastened to a staple at the bottom of the front cover are three links of a chain. A white strap, secured by a decorated metal plate to the front cover, fits onto a pin in the middle of the back cover by means of a 16th-century metal loop. This is possibly a restoration of the original fastening, but previously two straps went from the front to the back, as is shown by the surviving sockets for them and their pins.
f. i is apparently the spine, although the foliation number now difficult to identify; f. ii is the upper outside cover; f. iii is the lower outside cover; f. iv a book-label; f. 1 is the upper pastedown; f. 2 is a parchment leaf.
Select bibliography D. H. Turner, 'From the Library of Eric George Millar', British Museum Quarterly, 30 (1966), 80-88 (pp. 81-84 pl. xviii-a and xviii-b).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books, ed. by N. R. Ker, 2nd edn, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 3 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1964), p. 21 (listed under London, Dr. E. G. Millar).

R. H. Rouse, 'Bostonus Buriensis and the author of the Catalogus Scriptorum Ecclesiae', Speculum, 41 (1966), 471-99.

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books ed. by N. R. Ker, Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by Andrew G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1987), p. 6 (formerly London, Dr E. G. Millar).

Elizabeth Parker McLachlan, The Scriptorium of Bury St. Edmunds in the Twelfth Century (New York: Garland Publishing, 1986), pp. 27-29, 329-330 (listed in the collection of Dr. E. G. Millar).

English Benedictine Libraries: The Shorter Catalogues, ed. by R. Sharpe and others, Corpus of British Medieval Library Catalogues, 4 (London: British Library, 1996), B13.34.

British Library Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts 1956-1965, 3 vols (London: British Museum, 2000), I, no. Eg. 3776.


Images
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Binding

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Binding
Binding

binding
Binding
Owership inscriptions

f. 1
Owership inscriptions
 
Decorated initial

f. 3
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 62
Decorated initial
Decorated initial

f. 90
Decorated initial
 
Coloured initials

f. 112v
Coloured initials
Text

f. 159
Text

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